Indonesia National Curriculum Reform in the Context of Standard-Based Education: Policy and Implementation

Bambang Suryadi, Yuli Rahmawati, Bahrul Hayat, Suprananto Suprananto

Abstract


Abstract

Curriculum reform plays an essential role in assuring the success of systematic educational change. The purpose of this study is to portray the government policy and the issues of the Curriculum 2013 implementation. This study employed qualitative methodology using document analysis, observation and Focused Group Discussion (FGD)   as data collection techniques. The results of this study show that the curricula philosophy of curriculum reform was well-articulated and relevant to meet the requirements of twenty-first century learning competencies. However, the curricula implementation process faced substantial challenges with technical problems regarding the national standards of education document, teacher training and competences, the availability of school textbooks, and classroom assessment implementation. The findings of this study have several implications for implementing the national curriculum in Indonesia. Therefore, alignment between the national standards of education document, the curriculum structure, and the assessment system is required in order to ensure the successful implementation of Curriculum 2013 throughout the nation.

Abstrak

Reformasi kurikulum memainkan peran penting dalam memastikan keberhasilan perubahan pendidikan yang sistematis. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menggambarkan kebijakan pemerintah dan isu-isu implementasi Kurikulum 2013. Penelitian ini menggunakan metodologi kualitatif menggunakan analisis dokumen, observasi dan diskusi kelompok terpumpun sebagai teknik pengumpulan data. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa filosofi reformasi kurikulum diartikulasikan dengan baik dan relevan untuk memenuhi persyaratan kompetensi pembelajaran abad kedua puluh satu. Namun, proses implementasi kurikulum menghadapi tantangan besar dengan masalah teknis mengenai dokumen yang terkait dengan standar nasional pendidikan, pelatihan dan kompetensi guru, ketersediaan buku pelajaran di sekolah, dan implementasi penilaian di dalam kelas. Temuan penelitian ini memiliki beberapa implikasi untuk menerapkan kurikulum nasional di Indonesia. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan keselarasan antara dokumen standar nasional pendidikan, struktur kurikulum, dan sistem penilaian untuk memastikan keberhasilan implementasi Kurikulum 2013 di seluruh negara.

 


Keywords


curriculum reform; reformasi kurikulum; standar pendidikan; asesmen; kompetensi; analisis kebijakan; education standard; assessment; competence; policy analysis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Australian Council for Educational Research/ACER. (2017). Executive summary of the final report on curriculum reform (43273-012) prepared for The Education Sector Analytical and Capacity Development Partnership (ACDP). Jakarta: ACER.

Badan Pusat Statistik-BPS. (2014). Penduduk Indonesia Hasil Sensus Penduduk 2010. Available in: https://www.bps.go.id/index.php/publikasi/14 [retrieved on 30 June 2017]

Beane, J. A., & Lipka, R. P. (1986). Self-concept, self-esteem, and curriculum. New York: Teacher College Press.

Board for National Standards in Education (BSNP). (2017). National Examination Socialization for Academic Year 2016/2017. Jakarta: BSNP.

Educational Assessment Centre-Puspendik. (2016). Report of National Exams Analysis, Academic Year 2015/2016. Jakarta: Puspendik, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Grundy, S. (1987). Curriculum: Product or praxis. New York: The Falmer Press.

Haberman, M. (1992). The role of the classroom teacher as a curriculum leader. NASSP Bulletin , Vol. 76, No.547, pp.11-19.

Hadinugrahaningsih, T., Rahmawati, Y., and Ridwan, A. (2017). Developing 21st-century skills in chemistry classrooms: Opportunities and challenges of STEAM integration. AIP Conference Proceedings 1868, 030008 (2017); doi: 10.1063/1.4995107.

Henderson, J. G., & Kesson, K. R. (2004). Curriculum wisdom. New Jersey: Pearson Education.

Marsh, C. (1996). Handbook for a beginning teacher. New South Wales: Longman.

Ministry of Education and Culture. (2003). Undang-Undang Nomor 20 Tahun 2003 Tentang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional. Jakarta: Kemdikbud..

Ministry of Education and Culture. (2005). Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 19 Tahun 2005 Tentang Standar Nasional Pendidikan. Jakarta: Kemdikbud.

Ministry of Education and Culture. (2013). Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Nomor 67 Tahun 2013 Tentang Kerangka Dasar dan Struktur Kurikulum Sekolah Dasar/Madrasah Ibtidaiyah. Jakarta: Kemdikbud.

Ministry of Education and Culture. (2013). Sasaran Sekolah Pelaksana Kurikulum 2013. Available in: http://kemdikbud.go.id/kemdikbud/berita [retrieved on 25 June 2017]

Ministry of Education and Culture. (2014). Undang-Undang Nomor 23 Tahun 2014 Tentang Pemerintahan Daerah. Jakarta: Kemdikbud.

Ministry of Education and Culture. (2015). Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 13 Tahun 2015 tentang Perubahan Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 19 Tahun 2005 Tentang Standar Nasional Pendidikan. Jakarta: Kemdikbud.

Ministry of Education and Culture. (2016). Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Nomor 8 Tahun 2016 Tentang Buku Buku yang Digunakan oleh Satuan Pendidikan. Jakarta: Kemdikbud.

Ministry of Education and Culture. Center for Educational Data and Statistics. (2014). Indonesia Educational Statistics in Brief 2013/2014. Jakarta: Kemdikbud.

OECD. (2016). PISA 2015 Results in Focus. Retrieved from https://www.oecd.org.

Rahmawati, Y. and Ridwan, A. (2017). Opportunities and Challenges in Integrated Cultural Ethics and Values in Curricula And Instructions: Lesson Learnt From Indonesia, World Council for Curriculum and Instruction, 17-19 Augustus 2017, Manila, Philippines.

Ssekamanya, S. A. (2016). Editorial: 21st Century Curriculum and Instruction Challenges in Muslim Educational Institutions. IIUM Journal Of Educational Studies, 4:2 (2016) I - III

UNESCO-International Bureau of Education. (2013). Training tools for curriculum development: A resource pack. Geneva: UNESCO.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15408/tjems.v6i1.12883 Abstract - 0 PDF - 0

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


© Copyright CC-BY- SA
TARBIYA: Journal of Education in Muslim Society
, p-ISSN: 2356-1416, e-ISSN: 2442-9848

Web Analytics View My Stats

Flag Counter