Faith and Disaster Resilience: What can Islamic Education Teach Children to Help Prepare Them for A Disaster?

Maila Dinia Husni Rahiem



Children used their internal mechanisms, including faith, in coping and bouncing back after a disaster. In this paper, researcher examines the role of faith in building more resilient communities, and also how Islamic education at school can be used to help teach children to be better prepared for a disaster. The research suggests that Islamic education could be used to increase students hope after a disaster, to seek prayer as a source of strength and peace, to see the essential role of Muslim clergies in disaster recovery, and to see how some religious practices need to be understood in better ways. Qualitative narrative research was used as the method of inquiry with the primary source of data coming from interviews.  There are 27 child survivors being interviewed. All those interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed, then the transcripts were analysed to find any emerging themes.


Beberapa anak menggunakan mekanisme internal mereka, termasuk iman, dalam mengatasi dan bangkit kembali setelah bencana. Dalam makalah ini, peneliti meneliti peran iman dalam membangun komunitas yang lebih tangguh, dan juga bagaimana pendidikan Islam di sekolah dapat digunakan untuk membantu mengajar anak-anak agar lebih siap menghadapi bencana. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pendidikan Islam dapat digunakan untuk meningkatkan harapan pelajar setelah bencana, untuk menjadikan doa sebagai sumber kekuatan dan perdamaian, untuk melihat peran penting para ulama Muslim dalam pemulihan bencana, dan untuk melihat bagaimana beberapa praktik keagamaan perlu dilakukan. dipahami dengan cara yang lebih baik. Penelitian naratif kualitatif digunakan sebagai metode penyelidikan dengan sumber data utama yang berasal dari wawancara. Ada 27 anak yang selamat yang diwawancarai. Semua wawancara itu direkam dan ditranskripsi, kemudian transkrip dianalisis untuk menemukan topik yang tampak.

How to Cite : Rahiem, M. D. H. (2018).  Faith and Disaster Resilience: What can Islamic Education Teach Children to Help Prepare Them for a Disaster?. TARBIYA: Journal of Education in Muslim Society, 5(2), 178-192. doi:10.15408/tjems.v5i2.9964.


ketahanan; anak-anak; Aceh; tsunami;resilience; children; Aceh; tsunami; disaster; Islamic education; bencana; pendidikan Islam

Full Text:



Ali, M.D. (1995). Lembaga-Lembaga Islam di Indonesia. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.

American Psychology Association Retrieved 24 December 2018

Bawani, I. (1993). Tradisionalisme dalam Pendidikan Islam. Surabaya: Al-Ikhlas.

Benedek, D., & Fullerton, C. (2007). Translating five essential elements into programs and practice. Psychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes, 70, 345-349.

Bland, D. (2005). Psychology-church collaboration: Finding a new level of mutual participation. In M. R. McMinn & A.W. Dominguez (Eds.), Psychology and the church (pp. 33-39). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers.

Bledsoe, T., Setterlund, K., Adams, C., Fok-Trela, A., & Connolly, M. (2013). Addressing pastoral knowledge and attitudes about clergy/mental health practitioner collaboration. Social Work & Christianity, 40(1), 23-45.

Bradfield, C., Wylie, M., & Echterling, L. G. (1989). After the flood: The response of ministers to a natural disaster. Sociological Analysis, 49, 397-407.

Briggs, B. (2017). Horror and Hope: 2017 for Millions of Children Hit by Conflicts and Disasters.

Codreanu T. A., Celenza A., & Jacobs I. (2014). Does disaster education of teenagers translate into better survival knowledge, knowledge of skills, and adaptive behavioral change? A systematic literature review. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 29(6), 1–3.

Coffman, S (1994). Children Describe Life After Hurricane Andrew. Pediatric Nursing. Vol. 20: 363-368.

Dyregrov A, Yule W, Olff M. (2018) Children and natural disasters. European Journal of Psychotraumatology. Doi:10.1080/20008198.2018.1500823.

Gianisa, A., & Loic Le De (2018). The role of religious beliefs and practices in disaster: The case study of 2009 earthquake in Padang city, Indonesia. Disaster Prevention and Management, Vol. 27 Issue: 1, pp.74-86,

Hirono, T., & Blake, M. E. (2017). The Role of Religious Leaders in the Restoration of Hope Following Natural Disasters. SAGE Open.

Kar N. (2009, February). Psychological impact of disasters on children: Review of assessment and interventions. World Journal of Pediatrics, 5(1), 5–11. Epub 2009 Jan 27. [PubMed]

McCombs, H. (2010). The spiritual dimensions of caring for people affected by disasters. In dass-brailsford (Ed.), Crisis and disas- ter counseling: Lessons learned from Hurricane Katrina and other disasters (pp. 131-147). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

PDSPK Kemdikbud Statistik Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini 2016/2017

Peek, Lori (2008). Children and Disasters: Understanding Vulnerability, Developing Capacities, and Promoting Resilience-An Introduction. Children, Youth and Environments. Vol. 18 (1): 1-29

Philipsborn R. P., & Chan K. (2018). Climate change and global child health. Pediatrics, 141, e20173774.

Plante, T.G., & A.C. Sherman (2001). Faith and Health: Psychological Perspectives. New York: Guilford Press.

Psychology Today https://www.psychologytoday .com/us/basics/resilience Retrieved 28 December 2018

Rahim, H. (2001). Arah Baru Pendidikan Islam di Indonesia. Ciputat: Logos

Rahim, H., & M.D.H. Rahiem (2012). The Use of Stories as Moral Education for Young Children. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity. Vol. 2 (6): 454-458.

Rahiem, M.D.H., N.S.M. Abdullah, & S.E. Krauss (2017). Religious Interpretations and Psycholohical Recovery from the Aceh 2004 Tsunami: The Promise of Heaven, Healing the Trauma. In R. Djalante, M. Garschagen, F. Thomalla, & R. Shaw (Eds.). Disaster Risk Reduction in Indonesia: Progress, Challenges, and Issues (pp. 495-514).

Rahiem, M.D.H., S.E. Krauss, & H. Rahim (2018). The Child Victims of the Aceh Tsunami: Stories of Resilience, Coping and Moving on with Life. Procedia Engineering. Vol. 212: 1303-1310.

Silverman, W. K., & La Greca, A. M. (2002). Children experiencing disasters: Definitions, reactions, and predictors of outcomes. In A. M. La Greca, W. K. Silverman, E. M. Vernberg, & M. C. Roberts (Eds.), Helping children cope with disasters and terrorism (pp. 11-33). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association.

Southwick, M., S. Bonanno, G.S S Masten, A. Panter-Brick, C., & R. Yehuda (2014). Resilience definitions, theory, and challenges: Interdisciplinary perspectives. European journal of psychotraumatology. 5. 10.3402/ejpt.v5.25338.

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Indian Ocean Tsunami 2004. Retrieved October 17, 2018

Vogel, J.M., & E.M. Vernberg (1993). Children’s Psychological Responses to Disaster. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology. Vol. 22: 464-484

World Health Organization (2018) Gender and Disaster. retrieved November 16th 2018

Yangarber-Hicks, N. (2004). Religious Coping Styles and Recovery from Serious Mental Illnesses. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 32(4), 305–317.

DOI: Abstract - 0 PDF - 0


  • There are currently no refbacks.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0).

TARBIYA: Journal of Education in Muslim Society, p-ISSN: 2356-1416, e-ISSN: 2442-9848

View My Stats