Mohamad Syafri, Saude Saude



The implementation of the Distance Learning policy in all schools in Indonesia due to the Covid-19 outbreak has affected the teaching process. This quantitative research elucidates how EFL teaching and learning cope with the procedure. Two aspects will be illuminated in this research; the first is how schools and teachers prepare for online-based distance learning. The second is how the learning process conducts during the distance learning policy. This research collected data from 167 participants, including vice principals, EFL teachers, IT operators, and students from senior high schools in Palu, Central Sulawesi Provinces. The data was analyzed following the Illuminative Evaluation model by Parlett and Hamilton. The results found that schools and teachers are more well-equipped and prepared than the students. However, some students still face difficulties due to the absence of facilities and geographical situation. In the learning process, more flexible policies in class are still implemented by teachers, especially for students with limited access and lack of affective aspects.



Penerapan kebijakan Pembelajaran Jarak Jauh ke seluruh sekolah di Indonesia akibat wabah Covid-19 berdampak pada proses belajar mengajar. Penelitian kuantitatif ini menjelaskan bagaimana pengajaran dan pembelajaran Bahasa Inggris harus beradaptasi dengan protocol kesehatan. Dua aspek yang disoroti dalam penelitian ini; pertama, bagaimana sekolah dan guru mempersiapkan pembelajaran jarak jauh berbasis online. Kedua, bagaimana proses pembelajaran dilakukan selama penerapan pembelajaran jarak jauh. Penelitian ini mengumpulkan data dari 167 peserta, termasuk wakil kepala sekolah, guru Bahasa Inggris, operator IT, dan siswa dari sekolah menengah atas di Palu, Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah. Data dianalisis dengan model Illuminative Evaluation oleh Parlett dan Hamilton. Hasilnya ditemukan bahwa sekolah dan guru lebih siap dibandingkan dengan siswa. Beberapa siswa masih menghadapi kesulitan karena tidak adanya fasilitas dan situasi geografis. Dalam proses pembelajaran, guru masih harus memberikan kebijakan yang lebih fleksibel di kelas, terutama bagi siswa dengan akses yang terbatas dan aspek afektif yang kurang.


Pembelajaran jarak jauh; EFL; protokol kesehatan; Distance learning; EFL; health protocol


Adedoyin, O. B., & Soykan, E. (2020). Covid-19 pandemic and online learning: the challenges and opportunities. Interactive Learning Environments, 28(0), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1080/10494820.2020.1813180

Al Arif, T. Z. Z. (2019). Indonesian University Students’ Perception and Expectation towards ICT Use in Learning English as a Foreign Language. Indonesian Journal of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics, 4(1), 133–145. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.21093/ijeltal.v4i1.348

Aminullah, A., Loeneto, B. A., & Vianty, M. (2019). Teachers’s Attitudes and Problems of Using ICT in Teaching EFL. English Review: Journal of English Education, 8(1), 147. https://doi.org/10.25134/erjee.v8i1.2324

Andrade, M. S., Miller, R. M., Kunz, M. B., & Ratliff, J. M. (2019). Online learning in schools of business: The impact of quality assurance measures. Journal of Education for Business, 0(0), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1080/08832323.2019.1596871

Apa Itu E-Learning Madrasah? (2020). Ministry of Religious Affair of Republic of Indonesia.

Arifin, Z. (2010). Model-model evaluasi program. Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

Asmuni, A. (2020). Problematika Pembelajaran Daring di Masa Pandemi Covid-19 dan Solusi Pemecahannya. Jurnal Paedagogy, 7(4), 281. https://doi.org/10.33394/jp.v7i4.2941

Beldarrain, Y. (2006). Distance education trends: Integrating new technologies to foster student interaction and collaboration. Distance Education, 27(2), 139–153. https://doi.org/10.1080/01587910600789498

Bell, J. (2010). Doing Your Research Project: A Guide for First Time Researchers in Education, Health and Social Sciences (5th ed.). McGraw Hill Open University Press.

Çalışkan, İ. (2014). Identfying the Needs of Pre-Service Classroom Teachers About Science Teaching Methodology Courses in terms of Parletta’s Illuminative Program Evaluation Model. International Journal of Education in Mathematics, Science and Technology, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.18404/ijemst.79527

Castro, M. D. B., & Tumibay, G. M. (2021). A literature review: efficacy of online learning courses for higher education institution using meta-analysis. Education and Information Technologies, 26(2), 1367–1385. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10639-019-10027-z

Chirwa, G. W. (2015). An Illuminative Evaluation of the Standard 7 and 8 Expressive Arts Curriculum in Malawi. University of the Witwatersrand.

Dawson, C. (2007). A Practical Guide to Research Method (3rd ed.). How To Book Ltd.

Dhawan, S. (2020). Online Learning: A Panacea in the Time of COVID-19 Crisis. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 49(1), 5–22. https://doi.org/10.1177/0047239520934018

Divayana, D. G. H. (2017). Evaluasi Pemanfaatan E-Learning di Universitas Teknologi Indonesia Menggunakan Model CSE-UCLA. Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan, 36(2), 280–289. https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v36i2.12853

Education Ministry Adjusts Several Policies Amid COVID-19. (2020). Office of Assistant to Deputy Cabinet Secretary for State Documents & Translation.

Eshet-Alkalai, Y. (2004). Digital Literacy: A Conceptual Framework for Survival Skills in the Digital era. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 13, 93–106. https://doi.org/https://www.learntechlib.org/primary/p/4793/.

Gültekin, M., & Demirci, C. (2020). Evaluation of the English Language Preparatory School Curriculum in the Lights of Illuminative Evaluation Model. European Journal of English Language Teaching, 5(3), 103–131. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3818340

Hidayati, T. (2015). Integrating ICT in English Language Teaching and Learning in Indonesia. JEELS (Journal of English Education Adn Linguistic Studies), 3(2), 38–62.

Mallette, M., & Barone, D. (2013). On using google forms. The Reading Teacher, 66(8), 625–630. https://doi.org/10.1002/TRTR.1169

Mulatsih, B. (2020). Penerapan Aplikasi Google Classroom , Google Form , Dan Quizizz Dalam Pembelajaran Kimia Di Masa Pandemi Covid-19 Application of Google Classroom , Google Form and Quizizz in Chemical Learning During the Covid-19 Pandemic. Ideguru: Jurnal Karya Ilmiah Guru, 5(1), 16–26. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.51169/ideguru.v5i1.129

Neuman, W. L. (2014). Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches (7th ed.). Pearson Education, Ltd.

Parkes, M., Stein, S., & Reading, C. (2015). Student preparedness for university e-learning environments. Internet and Higher Education, 25, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iheduc.2014.10.002

Parlett, M., & Hamilton, D. (1972). Evaluation as Illumination: A New Approach to the Study of Innovatory Programs". In Occasional Paper.


Panduan Kurikulum Darurat pada Madrasah, 8 55 (2020) (testimony of Kemenag RI).

Ronnie E. Baticulon. (2021). Barriers to online learning in the time of COVID-19 (Vol. 31, Issue April 2021, pp. 615–626). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/s40670-021-01231-z

Stavropoulou, A., & Stroubouki, T. (2014). Evaluation of educational programmes - The contribution of history to modern evaluation thinking. Health Science Journal, 8(2), 193–204.

Suryaman, M., Cahyono, Y., Muliansyah, D., Bustani, O., Suryani, P., Fahlevi, M., Pramono, R., Purwanto, A., Purba, J. T., Munthe, A. P., Juliana, & Harimurti, S. M. (2020). COVID-19 pandemic and home online learning system: Does it affect the quality of pharmacy school learning? Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11(8), 524–530. https://doi.org/10.31838/srp.2020.8.74

UNICEF. (2020). Averting a lost COVID generation.

Wang, Y., & Sun, C. (2001). Internet-Based Real Time Language Education : Towards a Fourth Generation Distance Education. CALICO Journal, 18(3), 539–561.

Wei, H. C., & Chou, C. (2020). Online learning performance and satisfaction: do perceptions and readiness matter? Distance Education, 41(1), 48–69. https://doi.org/10.1080/01587919.2020.1724768

White, C. (2006). Distance learning of foreign languages. Language Teaching, 39(4), 247–264. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0261444806003727

WHO. (2020). WHO Timeline - COVID-19. WHO.

Wong, R. (2020). When no one can go to school: does online learning meet students’ basic learning needs? Interactive Learning Environments, 0(0), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1080/10494820.2020.1789672

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.15408/ijee.v9i1.21045


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.