Policy Influencer dalam Kebijakan Luar Negeri Australia terhadap Pencari Suaka pada Masa Pemerintahan Julia Gillard

Agus Nilmada Azmi, Febri Dirgantara H


Abstract. This study discusses the policy influencer of Australia's policy towards asylum seekers during the reign of Julia Gillard from 2010-2013. These approaches incorporate the re-implementation of the Pacific Solution, the return of asylum seekers to their countries of origin, and the Malaysia Solution, beside other policies.  This study uses the theory of policy influence system and prejudice theory in explaining the policies implemented by the government of Australia in managing with asylum seeker amid the reign of Julia Gillard and the components behind the policy-making. The analytical ranking used is the nation-state. This research is qualitative research with descriptive type. The results of this study indicate that Australia's policy towards asylum seekers under the Gillard government is influenced by three policy influencing factors, namely the bureaucracy, parties, and the public, which are full of negative prejudice against asylum seekers.


Keywords: Australian Foreign Policy, Asylum Seeker, Policy Influencer.


Abstrak. Penelitian ini membahas tentang policy influencer dalam kebijakan Australia terhadap pencari suaka pada masa pemerintahan Julia Gillard kurun waktu 2010-2013. Pendekatan ini mengikutsertakan penerapan kembali dari kebijakan Solusi Pasifik, pemulangan pencari suaka ke negara asalnya, dan Solusi Malaysia serta kebijakan lainnya. Penelitian ini menggunakan teori sistem pengaruh kebijakan dan teori prasangka dalam menjelaskan kebijakan yang diterapkan oleh pemerintah Australia dalam menangani pencari suaka di tengah pemerintahan Julia Gillard dan komponen di balik pembuatan kebijakan. Pemeringkatan analitis yang digunakan adalah negara-bangsa. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif dengan tipe deskriptif. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa kebijakan Australia terhadap pencari suaka di bawah pemerintahan Gillard dipengaruhi oleh tiga faktor pengaruh kebijakan, yaitu birokrasi, partai, dan masyarakat, yang penuh dengan prasangka negatif terhadap pencari suaka.


Kata Kunci: Kebijakan Luar Negeri Australia, Pencari Suaka, Pemberi Pengaruh Kebijakan.


Australian Foreign Policy; Asylum Seeker; Policy Influencer; Kebijakan Luar Negeri Australia; Pencari Suaka; Pemberi Pengaruh Kebijakan;


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DOI: 10.15408/jisi.v4i1.33364

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