Iwan Setiawan, Fahriany Fahriany



This study aimed to reveal the moral values in the narrative texts of English textbooks for senior high school students published by the Ministry of Education and Culture and also the English teachers’ and students’ responses at SMK Triguna Utama, South Tangerang City, related to the topic under investigation. This research used content analysis design. The data sources were the narrative texts in the English textbooks and teachers’ and students’ responses. The data were collected through documentation, interview, and questionnaire. Data analysis procedures consisted of perusing, eliciting, coding, tabulating, interpreting, drawing conclusions and validating. The research found that the English textbooks lacked fables and gave a smaller portion to Indonesian local stories. Moreover, the narrative texts were dominated by the value of kindness, while, fairness was included least explicitly in the stories. These findings were supported by the views and preferences of the teachers and students. Lastly, the teachers and students compactly argued that vocabulary is the greatest barrier to teaching and learning narrative text, and the effectiveness of the school’s atmosphere in instilling moral values still needed further research.



Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap nilai-nilai moral dalam teks naratif buku teks bahasa Inggris untuk siswa Sekolah Menengah Atas yang diterbitkan oleh Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan dan juga tanggapan guru dan siswa bahasa Inggris di SMK Triguna Utama, Kota Tangerang Selatan, terkait dengan topik yang diselidiki. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain analisis isi. Sumber datanya adalah teks naratif dalam buku teks bahasa Inggris dan tanggapan guru dan siswa. Data dikumpulkan melalui dokumentasi, wawancara dan angket. Sedangkan, prosedur analisis data meliputi pembacaan teks secara cermat, pemilahan data, penyandian, tabulasi, interpretasi, penarikan simpulan dan validasi. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa buku teks bahasa Inggris tersebut masih kekurangan fabel dan cerita lokal Indonesia. Selain itu, teks naratif didominasi oleh nilai kebaikan, sementara nilai keadilan kurang tergambarkan dalam cerita. Temuan ini didukung oleh pandangan dan preferensi para guru dan siswa. Terakhir, para guru dan siswa secara sepakat berpendapat bahwa kosa kata merupakan penghalang terbesar dalam pengajaran dan pembelajaran teks naratif, dan efektivitas atmosfer sekolah dalam menanamkan nilai moral masih memerlukan penelitian lebih lanjut.


How to Cite: Setiawan, I., Fahriany. (2017). Moral Values in Narrative Texts of English Textbooks for Senior High School Students Published by the Ministry of Education and Culture. IJEE (Indonesian Journal of English Education), 4(2), 130-143. doi:10.15408/ijee.v4i2.5977




english textbooks; narrative texts; moral values; content analysis; buku teks bahasa inggris, teks naratif, nilai moral, analisis isi


Abdolmohammadi, M. J., & Baker, C. R. (2006). Accountants’ Value Preferences and Moral Reasoning. Journal of Business Ethics, 69, pp. 11—25. Retrieved from

Abrar, M. (2016). Learning from Fables: Moral Values in Three Selected English Stories. Dinamika Ilmu, 16 (1), pp. 47—58.

Anderson, M., & Anderson, K. (2003). Text Types in English 3. South Yarra, VIC: MacMillan Education Australia.

Ansary, H., & Babaii, E. (2003). Subliminal Sexism in Current ESL/EFL Textbooks. Asian-EFL Journal, 5 (1). Retrieved from

Ashiba, S. A. A. (2010). An Analysis of the Incorporated Values in English for Palestine 12 (A Master’s Thesis at Curriculum & English Teaching Methods Department of Faculty of Education, Islamic University of Gaza), Retrieved from

Aytan, T, Başal, A., & Demir, I. (2016). Teaching Vocabulary with Graphic Novels. English Language Teaching, 9 (9), pp. 95—109. Retrieved from

Bashir, M. (2014a). Bahasa Inggris untuk SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Kelas XI Semester 1. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Benyamin, H. (2012). Advanced Learning English 1. Bandung: Grafindo Media Pratama.

Bertens, K. (2011). Etika (11th ed.). Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Bonk, C. J. (2009). The World is Open: How Web Technology is Revolutionizing Education. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Bross, J. A. (2004). Ethics for Life (3rd ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill.

Buscemi, S. V. (2002). A Reader for Developing Writers (5th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Clouse, B. F. (2008). The Student Writer: Editor & Critic (7th ed.) New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Creswell, J. W. (2003). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Method Approaches (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Cubukcu, F. (2014). Values Education through Literature in English Classes. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, pp. 265—269. Retrieved from http://doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.206.

Denzin, N. K. (2009). The Research Act: A Theoretical Introduction to Sociological Methods. New York. McGraw Hill.

Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. (2006). Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia No. 20 Tahun 2003 Tentang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

Furaidah, Rohmah, Z., & Widiati, U. (2014a). Bahasa Inggris untuk SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Kelas X Semester 1. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Halstead, J. M. (2007). Islamic Values: A Distinctive Framework for Moral Education. Journal of Moral Education, 36 (3), pp. 283—296. doi: 10.1080/03057240701643056.

Hasan, S. S. (2011). Pengantar Cultural Studies: Sejarah, Pendekatan Konseptual, dan Isu Menuju Studi Kebudayaan Kapitalisme Lanjutan. Yogyakarta: Ar-Ruz Media.

Herlina (2012). Developing Reading Narrative Text Materials for Eighth Graders of Junior High School Implemented with Character Building. English Education Journal, 2 (2), pp. 147—154. Retrieved from

Karatay, H. (2011). Transfer of Values in the Turkish and Western Children’s Literary Works: Character Education in Turkey. Educ. Res. Rev, 6 (6), pp. 72—480. Retrieved from

Kasim, M. (2014). Konsep dan Implementasi Kurikulum 2013. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Kemdikbud. (2010). The Role of Textbooks in a Language Program. Retrieved from

Kemdikbud. (2014b). Bahasa Inggris untuk SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Kelas X Semester 2. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Kemdikbud. (2014b). Bahasa Inggris untuk SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Kelas XI Semester 2. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Kemdikbud. (2015). Bahasa Inggris untuk SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Kelas XII. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Kemdikbud. (2016). Silabus Mata Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris SMA/MA/SMK/MAK. Jakarta: Kemdikbud.

Kiliç, A. (2012). The Relationship of Values in Elementary School 4th Grade Social Studies Textbook with the Attainments and Their Level of Being Included in Student Workbooks. Educational Consultancy and Research Center, 12 (2), pp. 1605—1612. Retrieved from

Kilickaya, F. (2002) Authentic Materials and Cultural Content in EFL Classrroms. The Internet TESL Journal, 8 (5), pp. 67—73. Retrieved from

Kipfer, B. A. (2009). Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Dell Pub.

Krippendorff, K. (2004). Content Analysis: An Introduction to Its Methodology (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Lickona, T., Schaps, E., & Lewis, C. (2007). CEP’s Eleven Principles of Effective Character Education. Washington, DC: Character Education Partnership.

Lovat, T., Dally, K., Clement, N., & Toomey, R. (2011). Values Pedagogy and Student Achievement: Contemporary Research Evidence. New York, NY: Springer.

Magnis-Suseno, F. (2005). Etika Dasar: Masalah-Masalah Pokok Filsafat Moral (17th ed.). Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Marsh, C. (2010). Becoming A Teacher: Knowledge, Skills and Issues (5th ed.). New South Wales: Pearson Australia.

Meuleman, J. (2005). Islam in the Era of Globalization: Muslim Attitudes towards Modernity and Identity. Oxfordshire: Taylor & Francis Group.

Michael, S. (2000). Lived effects of the Contemporary Economy: Globalization, Inequality, and Consumer Society. Public Culture, 12 (2), pp. 375—409. Retrieved from

Narvaez, D. (2002). Does Reading Moral Stories Build Character? Educational Psychology Review, 14 (2), pp. 155—171.

Neuendorf, K. A. (2002). The Content Analysis Guidebook. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Ocal, A., Kyburiene, L., & Yigittir, S. (2012). A Comparative Study on Value Tendency of University Students: An International Perspective. Citizenship, Social and Economic Education, 11 (1), pp. 11—20. Retrieved from

Pharr, D., & Buscemi, S. V. (2005). Writing Today: Contexts & Options for the Real World. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Rachels, J. (2003). The Elements of Moral Philosophy (4th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill Company.

Ratna, N. K. (2014). Peranan Karya Sastra, Seni, dan Budaya dalam Pendidikan Karakter. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Richards, J. C. (2001a). Curriculum Development in Language Teaching. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Rosenstand, N. (2006). The Moral of the Story (5th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Sallabas, M. E. (2013). Analysis of Narrative Texts in Secondary School Textbooks in Terms of Values Education. African Journal of Business Education, 1 (3), pp. 58—63.

Siahaan, S., & Shinoda, K. (2008). Generic Text Structure. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Stanford, J. A., (2006). Responding to Literature (5th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill Company, Inc.

Sudarminta, J. (2015). Etika Umum: Kajian Tentang Beberapa Masalah Pokok dan Teori Etika Normatif (3rd ed.). Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Tay, B., & Yıldırım, K. (2009). Parents’ Views Regarding the Values Aimed to be Taught in Social Studies Lessons. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 9 (3), pp. 1529—1542. Retrieved from

Torun, F. P., & Yıldırım, R. (2014). Exploring the Value of Animated Stories with Young English Langugae Learners. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 13 (4), pp. 47—60. Retrieved from

Verner, S. (2016). Fable Time: Using and Writing Fables in the ESL Classroom. Retrieved from

Welsh, A. (2014). Promoting Respect for Difference through Language Teaching. TEFLIN, 25 (2), pp. 233—242.

Wibowo, M. E. (2001). Etika dan Moral dalam Pembelajaran. Jakarta: PAU-PPAI Universitas Terbuka.

Wong, P. W. L. (2011). Textbook Evaluation: A Framework for Evaluating the Fitness of the Hong Kong New Secondary School (NSS) Curriculum. (A Dissertation at Department of English, City University of Hong Kong).

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a CC-BY-SA

Indexed By:

IPI Portal Garuda Open Archives Initiative MoraRef OAJI Scholar Steer IPI Portal Garuda IPI Portal Garuda IPI Portal Garuda berita terkini edukasi IPI Portal Garuda berita terkini regional

Web Analytics View My Stats