The Correlation Between Family Functioning and Self-disclosure Among Emerging Adulthood

Muhamad Nanang Suprayogi, Wan Vaynadita


This study aims to examine the correlation between family functioning and self-disclosure among emerging adulthood. Family functioning is a process of physical and emotional interaction between family members in carrying out their duties and striving for the welfare of each member from the physical, social, and psychological aspects. Self-disclosure is the act of providing information about oneself that is usually hidden and not shared with others. This study used a quantitative method involving 111 college student respondents aged 18-25 years who study in West Jakarta and live separately from their parents. Family functioning is measured using the McMaster Model of Family Functioning adapted by Boterhoven de Haan. Meanwhile, self-disclosure is measured using the Self-Disclosure Scale based on the self-disclosure aspects according to DeVito and has been modified to the research context. The research analysis result showed that based on Pearson's correlation analysis, the family functioning has a significant and positive correlation with self-disclosure among emerging adulthood. The better family functioning and better self-disclosure help emerging adulthood in carrying out their academic activities. This study recommends for emerging adulthood to implement good communication patterns and self-disclosure to express themselves, share experiences, and deliver opinions to parents.


academic; emerging adulthood; family functioning; parent; student; self-disclosure


Aquilino, W. S. (1997). From adolescent to young adult: A prospective study of parent-child relations during the transition to adulthood. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 670–686.

Arnett, J. J. (2000). Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. American Psychologist, 55(5), 469–480.

Arnett, J. J. (2006). Emerging adulthood: Understanding the new way of coming of age.

Arnett, J. J. (2007a). Emerging adulthood: What is it, and what is it good for?. Child Development Perspectives, 1(2), 68–73.

Arnett, J. J. (2007b). Emerging adulthood: What is it, and what is it good for?. Child Development Perspectives, 1(2), 68–73.

Arnett, J. J. (2007c). Suffering, selfish, slackers? Myths and reality about emerging adults. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 36, 23–29.

Boterhoven de Haan, K. L., Hafekost, J., Lawrence, D., Sawyer, M. G., & Zubrick, S. R. (2015). Reliability and validity of a short version of the general functioning subscale of the McMaster Family Assessment Device. Family Process, 54(1), 116–123.

Buhl, H. M., Scholwin, B., & Noack, P. (2015). Individuation in adults’ family interactions: An observational study. Journal of Adult Development, 22, 100–111.

Devito, J. A. (2016). The Interpersonal Communication Book (14th editi). Courier Kendallville.

Dubas, J. S., & Petersen, A. C. (1996). Geographical distance from parents and adjustment during adolescence and young adulthood. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 1996(71), 3–19.

Epstein, N. B., Baldwin, L. M., & Bishop, D. S. (1983). The McMaster family assessment device. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 9(2), 171–180.

Epstein, N. B., Bishop, D. S., & Levin, S. (1978). The McMaster model of family functioning. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 4(4), 19–31.

Ikhsani, F. L. (2020). Hubungan Antara Kepribadian ‘Big Five’ Dengan Keputusasaan Pada Emerging Adult. (Doctoral Dissertation, Universitas Airlangga).

Risqi, F. I. (2021). Pengaruh keberfungsian keluarga terhadap regulasi emosi remaja perantau. (Doctoral Dissertation, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang).

Fitrianti, L. A., Rini, A. P., & Pratitis, N. (2022). Self-acceptance dan dukungan sosial online dengan kecenderungan body dissatisfaction pengguna instagram pada masa emerging adulthood. INNER: Journal of Psychological Research, 1(4), 178–186.

Fraenkel, J. R., Wallen, N. E., & Hyun, H. H. (2012). How to design and evaluate research in education (Vol. 7). McGraw-hill New York.

Hicks, C. M., Liu, D., & Heyman, G. D. (2015). Young children's beliefs about self‐disclosure of performance failure and success. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 33(1), 123-135.

Holdsworth, C., & Morgan, D. (2005). Transitions in context: Leaving home, independence and adulthood: leaving home, independence and adulthood. McGraw-Hill Education (UK).

Putri, J. T. (2019). Hubungan antara self disclosure dengan happiness pada mahasiswa perantauan. (Doctoral Dissertation, University of Muhammadiyah Malang).

Kins, E., Soenens, B., & Beyers, W. (2012). Parental psychological control and dysfunctional separation–individuation: A tale of two different dynamics. Journal of Adolescence, 35(5), 1099–1109.

Latipah, N. (2014). Metode penelitian psikologi. Penerbit Deepublish.

Lian, T. C. (2008). Family functioning, perceived social support, academic performance and self esteem. Pertanika Journal Social, Science & Humaniora, 16(2), 285-299.

Miller, P. H. (2002). Theories of developmental psychology. Macmillan.

Morreale, S. P., Spitzberg, B. H., & Barge, J. K. (2007). Human Communication: Motivation. Knowledge and Skill. Canada: Thomson Wadsworth.

Nelson, L. J., & Barry, C. M. (2005). Distinguishing features of emerging adulthood: The role of self-classification as an adult. Journal of Adolescent Research, 20(2), 242–262.

Parra, A., Oliva, A., & Reina, M. del C. (2015). Family relationships from adolescence to emerging adulthood: A longitudinal study. Journal of Family Issues, 36(14), 2002–2020.

Powers, S. I., Hauser, S. T., & Kilner, L. A. (1989). Adolescent mental health. American Psychologist, 44(2), 200.

Rea, L. M., & Parker, R. A. (2014). Designing and conducting survey research: A comprehensive guide. John Wiley & Sons.

Reis, O., & Buhl, H. M. (2008). Individuation during adolescence and emerging adulthood–five German studies. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 32(5), 369–371.

Roberts, R. E. L., & Bengtson, V. L. (1993). Relationships with parents, self-esteem, and psychological well-being in young adulthood. Social Psychology Quarterly, 263–277.

Sugiyono. (2013). Metode penelitian kuantitatif, kualitatif dan R&D. Alfabeta.

Thornton, A., Orbuch, T. L., & Axinn, W. G. (1995). Parent-child relationships during the transition to adulthood. Journal of Family Issues, 16(5), 538–564.

Walsh, F. (1994). Healthy family functioning: Conceptual and research developments. Family Business Review, 7(2), 175–198.

Widodo. (2017). Metodologi penelitian populer dan praktis. PT Rajagrafindo Persada.

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.15408/tazkiya.v11i2.34362


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.