ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS’ ATTITUDES TOWARD STEM BASED-ON GENDER AND GRADE LEVEL: A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN INDONESIA AND THAILAND

Indit Vaiqoh, Supurwoko Supurwoko, Nurma Yunita Indriyanti

Abstract


ANALISIS SIKAP SISWA TERHADAP STEM BERDASARKAN GENDER DAN TINGKATAN KELAS: STUDI KOMPARASI INDONESIA DAN THAILAND

Abstract

Attitude is a tendency to behave and react to a given stimulus. The smoothness of STEM learning involves students, one of which is students' attitude towards STEM. Students at the junior high school level are a transitional period from children to adolescents who are not yet considered adulthood. Besides that, there is behavior stereotypical in male and female students during learning. This research was conducted to analyze students' attitudes towards Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) in Indonesia and Thailand in terms of grade level and gender. The research method used is descriptive quantitative using a survey. This study used the STEM questionnaire distributed to 139 students in Thailand and 90 students in Indonesia. Data were collected using a questionnaire about students' attitudes towards STEM and interview protocols for science teachers. Analysis of student attitudes, which focused on self-confidence, enjoyment, interest, and anxiety, showed that these attitudes were more dominant among students at the highest grade level in both countries. However, there is no significant difference between the attitudes of male and female students in Indonesia and Thailand; both are the same in responding to STEM learning.

Abstrak

Sikap merupakan kecenderungan berperilaku dan reaksi terhadap stimulus yang diberikan. Kelancaran pembelajaran STEM yang melibatkan siswa, salah satunya adalah sikap siswa terhadap STEM. Siswa pada jenjang sekolah menengah pertama merupakan masa peralihan dari anak-anak menuju remaja yang belum dikatakan masa dewasa, selain itu adanya perilaku stereotype pada siswa laki-laki dan perempuan pada saat pembelajaran. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menganalisis sikap siswa terhadap Sains, Teknologi, Rekayasa, dan Matematika (STEM) di Indonesia dan Thailand ditinjau dari tingkat kelas dan jenis kelamin. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah kuantitatif deskriptif dengan menggunakan survei berupa kuesioner. Penelitian ini menggunakan kuesioner STEM yang dibagikan kepada 139 siswa di Thailand dan 90 siswa di Indonesia. Data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan kuesioner tentang sikap siswa terhadap STEM dan protokol wawancara untuk guru IPA. Analisis sikap siswa yang berfokus pada kepercayaan diri, kesenangan, minat, dan kecemasan, menunjukkan bahwa sikap tersebut lebih dominan di antara siswa pada tingkat kelas tertinggi di kedua negara. Namun tidak ada perbedaan yang signifikan antara sikap siswa laki-laki dan perempuan di Indonesia dan Thailand, keduanya sama dalam merespon pembelajaran STEM.


Keywords


students’ attitudes; STEM; grade levels; gender; Sikap siswa; tingkatan kelas; jenis kelamin

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akpinar, E., Yildiz, E., Tatar, N., & Ergin, Ö. (2009). Students’ attitudes toward science and technology: an investigation of gender, grade level, and academic achievement. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 1(1), 2804–2808. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2009.01.498

Arikunto, Suharsimi. 2006. Metodelogi penelitian. Yogyakarta: Bina Aksara

Chamrat, S., Chankong, W., Thammaprateep, J., & Manokarn, M. (2017). STEM Education for Multicultural Learners in Thailand STEM Education for Multicultural Learners in Thailand. September.

Christensen, R., Knezek, G., & Tyler-Wood, T. (2014). Student perceptions of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) content and careers. Computers in Human Behavior, 34, 173–186. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2014.01.046

Desmita. (2010). Psikologi Perkembangan. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya

Diananda, A. (2019). Psikologi Remaja Dan Permasalahannya. Journal ISTIGHNA, 1(1), 116–133. https://doi.org/10.33853/istighna.v1i1.20

Faber, M., Unfried, A., Wiebe, E. N., Corn, J., Townsend, L. T. W., & Collins, T. L. (2013). Student attitudes toward stem: The development of upper elementary school and middle/high school student surveys. ASEE Annual Conference and Exposition, Conference Proceedings, June. https://doi.org/10.18260/1-2--22479

George, R. (2006). A cross-domain analysis of change in students’ attitudes toward science and attitudes about the utility of science. International Journal of Science education, 28(6), 571-589.

Getahun, D., Adamu, G., & Andargie, A. (2016). Predicting mathematics performance from anxiety , enjoyment , value , and self-efficacy beliefs towards mathematics among engineering majors. November.

Hakim, T. (2002). Mengatasi Rasa Tidak percaya Diri. Jakarta: Puspa Swara.

Hardani, H., Medica, P., Husada, F., Andriani, H., Sukmana, D. J., & Mada, U. G. (2020). Buku Metode Penelitian Kualitatif & Kuantitatif (Issue March).

Iskandar. (2013). "Metodologi Penelitian Pendidikan dan Sosial". Jakarta: Referensi

Kholifah, I. N., Maryanto, A., & Widodo, E. (2015). Pengaruh Pembelajaran Ipa Berbasis Stem Terhadap Sikap Ingin Tahu Dan Keterampilan Berpikir Kreatif Peserta Didik Smp. 129–135.

Koballa, T. R., & Crawley, F. E. (1985). The Influence of Attitude on Science Teaching and Learning. School Science and Mathematics, 85(3), 222–232. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1949-8594.1985.tb09615.x

Kupari, P., & Nissinen, K. (2013). Background factors behind mathematics achievement in Finnish education context: Explanatory models based on TIMSS 1999 and TIMSS 2011 data.

Liaghatdar, M. J., Soltani, A., & Abedi, A. (2011). A Validity Study of Attitudes toward Science Scale among Iranian Secondary School Students. International Education Studies, 4(4). https://doi.org/10.5539/ies.v4n4p36

Mazana, M. Y., Montero, C. S., & Casmir, R. O. (2018). Investigating Students’ Attitude towards Learning Mathematics. International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 14(1). https://doi.org/10.29333/iejme/3997

Nurazizah, Suwarma, I. R., Jauhari, A., & Kaniati, I. (2018). Implementasi Pembelajaran STEM: Kajian Terhadap Pencapaian Hasil. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Fisika (SINAFI), 126-130.

OECD. (2016). Country Note – Results from PISA 2015: Indonesia. Oecd, 1–8. https://www.oecd.org/pisa/PISA-2015-Indonesia.pdf

OECD. (2019). PISA 2018 Results. Combined Executive Summaries. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 53(9), 1689–1699. www.oecd.org/about/publishing/corrigenda.htm.

Popa, R. A., & Ciascai, L. (2017). Students’ Attitude towards STEM Education. Acta Didactica Napocensia, 10(4), 55–62. https://doi.org/10.24193/adn.10.4.6

Sobur, A. (2003). Psikologi Umum Dalam Lintasan Sejarah. Bandung: Pustaka Setia.

Sukarni, W., Jannah, N., Qoriyana, D., & Zain, M. S. (2020). Scientific Attitude Identification and Interest of Pursuing Career in The Physics.

Tarbiyah : Jurnal Ilmiah Kependidikan, 9(1), 66. https://doi.org/10.18592/tarbiyah.v9i1.3297




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15408/es.v13i2.19822 Abstract - 0 PDF - 0

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0).

EDUSAINS.  P-ISSN:1979-7281
;E-ISSN:2443-1281

 Web Analytics Made Easy - StatCounterView My Stats