What Can the Afghanistan Ulama Learn from The Islamic Modernism Movement in Indonesia?

Habiburrahman Rizapoor, Ghulam Mustafa Nukhba


This article aimed to explain what the Afghan Ulama learned from the Islamic modernism movements in Indonesia in implementing the Islamic modernism values in Afghanistan. This study explored the challenges, methods of implementation of Islamic modernism values in Indonesia. This research used the analytical and descriptive method by referring to books and journal articles. This study argued that implementing Islamic modernism values in Afghanistan was a challenging and problematic process. Therefore, the Islamic Modernism movements of Afghanistan needed to work cautiously to remove obstacles and challenges calmly and without violence to pave the way for the spread of their massages. This research concluded that Islamic scholars and academics in Indonesia were mostly successful at spreading Islamic modernism values and overcoming the challenges faced with in the country. Similarly, because of the social, political and religious features; being of Indonesia as the largest Islamic country with racial and religious diversity, having the experience of Islamic modernism, and the existence of similarities between the two countries, Indonesia was an outstanding model for Afghanistan’s Islamic modernism movements. Therefore, the Afghan Islamic modernism movements can use the approaches that Indonesian Islamic modernism movements used for the spread of Islamic modernism values in the country.


Afghanistan Islamic modernism; Indonesian Islamic modernism; Islamic modernism; new Islamic modernism


‘Abdal-Réziq, A. (2009). A Religion, Not a State. Salt Lake City, United States: University of Utah Press.

Abdi, R. (2019, May 11). Religion in a new style, opportunities and challenges. Retrieved from Kabul Morning daily: https://subhekabul.com/.

Abdullah, A. (2013). Studi Tentang Modernisme Indonesia. Jurnal Wawasan Keislaman, 17-19.

Abdullah, A. (2018). Origins of Islam in Indonesia. International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, 1155-1159.

al-Qushairi, M. b. (n.d.). Saheh Muslim. Berut: Dar Ehiau al-turas al-arabi.

Amran. (2018, April 23). Karakteristik Islam Indonesia. Retrieved from unsulbarnews: http://www.unsulbarnews.com/terkini/karakteristik-islam-indonesia

Ārif, Ā. (2018, March 23). Emerging Mw’atilaḥs: From Religious Innovation to Crossing the Boundaries of Constants Sharia law regulation. Retrieved from Islah Online: https://www.eslahonline.net/2018/03/23/

Darajat, Z. (2015). Warisan Islam Nusantara. Buletin Al-Turas 21(1), 77-92.

Fathoni, R. S. (2011, March 23). Modernisme Islam di Indonesia Abad XIX-XX. Retrieved from Wawasan Sejarah: https://wawasansejarah.com/modernisme-islam-di-indonesia/

Fuller, G. E. (1991). Islamic Fundamentalism in Afghansitan. Rand National deffense research institute, 10-18.

Green, N. (2016). Afghanistan’s Islam From Conversion to the Taliban. California: University of California Press.

Hafiz, M. A. (1997). Jmaludin Al Afghani wa Ishkaliyat al asur. Al-Majlisul ala le Saqafat.

Haris, A. (2006). The Role of Muslims in the Struggle Against Violent Extremist Ideology in Indonesia. Connections, Vol. 5, No. 4, 157-166.

Hasbullah, M. (2014). A Century of NU-Muhammadiyah in Indonesia. Islamika Indonesiana, 2.

Ilyas. (2020). Islam dan Kebangsaan: Pergumulan dalam BPUPKI, PPKI, dan Piagam Jakarta. Buletin Al-Turas, 26(1), 19-35.

Islahat. (2016, July 24). The door to religious modernity in Afghanistan. Retrieved from Islahat: https://www.islahat.org/.

Islahat, K. (2016, August 03). The door of Islamic Modernism must be opened. Retrieved from Islahat: https://www.islahat.org/

Jadah, M. I. (2010). Al-Ḥadathah. Mojalh Majma'a Al-FĪqh al-islami, 1892.

Jawedan. (2009, 6 3). Modernesm dar Afghanistan. Retrieved from Jawedan for freedom: https://jawedan.com/1388/3698/

Kazimi, S. A. (2018, october 16). 8 Am daily. Retrieved from 8 Am: https://8am.af/can-it-be-modern-without-the-west/

McDaniel, J. (2014). Indonesia, modernity and some problems of religious adaptation. wacana, 315-318.

Merriam-Webster. (2020, Jun 24). Merriam-Webster. US, United States

Morfit, M. (1981). Pancasila: The Indonesian State Ideology According to the New Order Government. University of California Press, at JSTOR, 838-850.

Mujiburrahman. (2019, August 6). State Policies on Religious Diversity in Indonesia. Researchgate, 102-107. Retrieved from Learn Religions: https://www.learnreligions.com/religion-in-indonesia-4588353

Munsaf. (2017, April 7). Tajdyd alfykr al Īslamy al-Muasir fĪ Indonisia Bi Ītymad ala NŪR Khalys Majyd. Twnys, Twnys, Twnys . Retrieved from Al Mominoun: https://www.mominoun.com/articles/

Nugraha, A. (2012). Moderate Islam as New Identity in Indonesian. JICSA, 12.

Owoyemi, M. Y. (2012). The Compatibility of Islam with Modernity: A Brief Discourse on Muslim. Researchgate, 318.

Oxford. (2020, Jun 24). Oxford Islamic studies online. Oxford, Oxford, England.

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. (2020, Jun 24). the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Oxford, England: Oxford.

Population, W. (2020, January 1). Muslim Population By Country 2020. Retrieved from World Population Review: https://worldpopulationreview.com/country-rankings/muslim-population-by-country

Rachman, B. M. (1995). Pemikiran neo-Modernisme Islam Indonesia, dalam Ulumul Qur’an. Dalam Ulumul Quran, 26.

Rahman, F. (1970). Islamic Modernism: Its Scope, Method and Alternatives. International Journal of Middle East Studies, 1(4), 317-333. Retrieved June 25, 2020, from www.jstor.org/stable/162650. Jakarta, Indonesia

Roy, O. (2002). Islamic Radicalism in Afghanistan And Pakistan. UNHCR.

Salihi, A. (2018). The typology of religious currents in contemporary Herat. Stratigic studies of Afghanistan, 78.

Santosa, N. E. (2003). Ahmad Dahlan, Islam, dan Modernitas di Indonesia. Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo, 1-4.

Shafaqna. (2016, August 26). the Relationship between Religion and Modernity. Retrieved from Shafaqna: https://af.shafaqna.com/FA/152169

Sharif, M. (1999). Al-aslam wal-hdathh hal Yakwn ghda 'ealm 'erby. Cairo: Dar-Al-Shuruq.

Siddiqi, M. (1973). Islmic Modernism. Jstor, 179.

Subh-e-Kabul. (2020, October 12). The reason for the instability of the discourse of religious modernism in Afghanistan. Retrieved from Subh-e-Kabul: https://subhekabul.com/the-reason-for-the-instability-of-the-discourse-of-religious-modernism-in-afghanistan-part2/

Syabani, M. A. (2018). Islam Modernism movement in Indonesia. Journal of Social science Studies, 5-6.

Taḥa, Ā. (2006). Roḥ Ālḥadatha. Byrwt: Ālmarkaz thaqafy Āl-Āraby.

Tan, P. J. (2007). Navigating Turbulence Ocean: Indonesia's Worldview and Foreign Policy’. Asian Perspective, 3.

Taqwa, T. (2013, May 02). Afghan society in contrast to traditionalism and modernity. Retrieved from Khurasan Zamin: https://www.khorasanzameen.net/php/read.php?id=1771

Toledo, T. U. (2020, Jun 24). The University of Toledo website. Toledo, Ohio, USA.

Zaery, A. (2011, November 11). The Struggle between Tradition and Modernity in Afghanistan. Retrieved from Shabahang: http://zayeri.blogfa.com/post/93

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.15408/bat.v27i1.16906


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Habiburrahman Rizapoor, Ghulam Mustafa Nukhba

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.