Sintesis Komposit Polianilin-Karbon Aktif dari Tongkol Jagung sebagai Elektrolit Padat Pada Baterai

Lela Mukmilah Yuningsih, Yusri Mutia Fauziyah

Abstract


The polyaniline-activated carbon composites are synthesized using aniline chemical oxidation polymerization methods as well as variations in carbonization temperature of 800 °C and 1000 °C. The polyaniline-activated carbon composites are characterized by their value of conductivity, functional groups, crystallinity, morphology, composition and electrical quantities by LCR-meter analysis, FTIR, XRD, SEM-EDX and digital multimeters. The conductivity value of composite polyanilin-activated carbon with carbonization temperature of 800°C and 1000 °C are 0.718 S/cm and 1.1003 S/cm. Polyaniline-activated carbon 800 composite and Polyaniline-activated carbon 1000 composite showed absorption bands  acoording to PANI. The wave number that appear on PANI-activated carbon 800 composite and PANI-activated carbon 1000 peak is characteristic of PANI where the wave number 1562 cm-1, 1558 cm-1 is the vibration of the C = N and 1479 cm-1, 1475 cm-1is the vibration of the C = C with slacking off the degree of crystallinity PANI-activated carbon 800 i.e. 23.31% and PANI-activated Carbon 1000 i.e. 37.68%. Analysis of surface morphology and composite element content using SEM-EDX shows that particles of polianilin grows on active carbon fiber and free from impurity. The resulting voltage and current both PANI-Carbon 800 and PANI-carbon 1000 are 1.09 volt  19.74 mA and 1.15 Volts 19.98 mA.

 

 


Keywords


Activated carbon, composite, conductivity, polyaniline

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15408/jkv.v4i2.7390

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Penerbit: Program Studi Kimia, Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta.Jl. Ir. H. Juanda No. 95, Ciputat, Jakarta 15412, Indonesia, Telp. 021-7492855, Fax. 021-7493351, website: http://journal.uinjkt.ac.id/index.php/valensi, e-mail: kimia@uinjkt.ac.idISSN: 2460-6065, E-ISSN: 2548-3013 // ]]>

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