Assessing Students’ Understanding Towards Critical Reading and Its Impacts Towards Their Lives

rentauli mariah silalahi

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Critical reading was not a new term for university students but the levels to how students understand it and how it could help them develop in many aspects had seldom been studied. Therefore, this study tried to explore the levels of students’ understanding towards the meaning of critical reading, what possible problems could be present in the implementation, what activities could be carried out for practicing critical reading, and what benefits critical reading could bring to students’ lives. This study; conducted by survey questionnaire, was focused on IT students who had just finished a Reading course and were indicated not in favor of reading. From data analysis, it was found that the IT students did not know well that critical reading required interpreting and criticizing, did not realize potential problems in implementing critical reading and was not aware that critical reading practices could help improve their academic achievements. 

 

ABSTRAK

Membaca kritis bukanlah sebuah istilah baru untuk mahasiswa tetapi masih jarang dilakukan penelitian terhadap tingkat pemahaman mahasiswa terhadap makna dari membaca kritis dan bagaimana dengan membaca kritis dapat membantu mahasiswa dalam banyak hal. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini dilakukan untuk melihat tingkat pemahaman mahasiswa terhadap makna membaca kritis, terhadap masalah yang mungkin muncul ketika melakukan kegiatan membaca kritis, terhadap contoh kegiatan yang dapat mengembangkan kegiatan membaca kritis, dan terhadap manfaat dari membaca kritis terhadap kehidupan mahasiswa. Kajian ini, yang dilakukan dengan metode survei kuesioner, difokuskan kepada mahasiswa IT yang baru saja menyelesaikan mata kuliah ‘Membaca’ dan yang diidentifikasi kurang berminat dalam membaca. Dari kajian yang dilakukan ditemukan bahwa mahasiswa IT tersebut tidak mengetahui dengan baik bahwa membaca kritis membutuhkan kemampuan untuk menafsirkan dan mengkritik, tidak menyadari berbagai macam tantangan yang muncul dalam pelaksanaan kegiatan membaca kritis, dan tidak menyadari bahwa dengan membaca kritis mahasiswa dapat meningkatkan prestasi akademik mereka.     

How to Cite: Silalahi , R. M. (2018). Assessing Students’ Understanding Towards Critical Reading and Its Impacts Towards Their Lives. IJEE (Indonesian Journal of English Education), 5(2), 191-203. doi:10.15408/ijee.v5i2.9532.

 


Keywords


membaca kritis; tangka; pemahama; menafsirkan; mengkritik; menganalisa

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akın, F., Koray, Ö., & Tavukçu, K. (2015). How Effective is Critical Reading in the Understanding of Scientific Texts? Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 174, 2444–2451. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.915

Albeckay, E. M. (2014). Developing Reading Skills through Critical Reading Programme amongst Undergraduate EFL Students in Libya. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 123, 175–181. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.1412

Burton, D., Bartlett, S. (2009). Key Issues for Education Researchers. London: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Coe, R., Waring, M., Hedges, L. V., Arthur, J. (2017). Research Methods & Methodologies in Education. London: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Duran, E., & Yalçintaş, E. (2015). Review of the Critical Reading Education in the Primary Schools1. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 174, 1560–1566. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.788

Gambrell, Li. B. (1996). Creating Classroom Cultures that Foster Reading Motivation. The Reading Teacher, 50(1), 14–25.

Gardner, R. C. (1985). Social psychology and second language learning: the role of attitudes and motivation. London: Edward Arnold.

Gorard, S. (2006). Quantitative Methods in Educational Research: the role of numbers made easy. London: MPG Books Ltd.

Ilma, Z., & Pratama, R. K. (2015). Transformation in Indonesian Language Curriculum: Pros and Cons between KTSP 2006 and Curriculum 2013 in Indonesia. Proceedings of Internationl Conference on Trends in Economics. Humanities and Management, 146–148.

Jarvis, P, Holford, J., Griffin, C. (1999). The theory and practice of learning. London: Kogan Page Limited.

Lee, C. (2016). A Habermasian Approach to Critical Reading. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 48(6), 579–588. https://doi.org/10.1080/00131857.2015.1058218

Oliveras, B., Márquez, C., & Sanmartí, N. (2013). The Use of Newspaper Articles as a Tool to Develop Critical Thinking in Science Classes. International Journal of Science Education, 35(6), 885–905. https://doi.org/10.1080/09500693.2011.586736

Prihantoro, C. R. (2015). The perspective of curriculum in Indonesia on environmental education. International Journal of Research Studies in Education, 4(1), 77–83. https://doi.org/10.5861/ijrse.2014.915

Spector-Cohen, E., Kirschner, M., & Wexler, C. (2001). Designing EAP reading courses at the university level. English for Specific Purposes, 20(4), 367–386. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0889-4906(00)00019-3

Tomitch, L. M. B. (2008). Designing Reading Tasks to Foster Critical Thinking. Ilha Do Desterro - A Journal of English Language, Literatures in English and Cultural Studies, (38), 83–90.

Ur, P. (2001). Learner Autonomy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wiersma, W. (1969). Research Methods in Education: an Introduction. Toronto: Allyn and Bacon, Inc.

Zigo, D, Moore, M. T. (2004). Science Fiction: Serious Reading, Critical Reading. English Journal, 94(2), 85–90.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15408/ijee.v5i2.9532

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under aCC-BY-SA

Indexed By:

IPI Portal Garuda Open Archives Initiative MoraRef OAJI Scholar Steer IPI Portal Garuda IPI Portal Garuda IPI Portal Garuda berita terkini edukasi IPI Portal Garuda berita terkini regional

Web Analytics View My Stats