The Application of Language Learning Strategies of High School Students In Indonesia

Alfian A.

Abstract


ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to investigate language learning strategies (LLS) use by high school students in Indonesia. By employing a mixed-method design, eighty  participants responded to the Strategy Inventory of Language Learning (SILL) questionnaire for the quantitative data. Eight  language learners were interviewed for qualitative data. The descriptive statistics using SPSS was used to analyze the questionaire, and thematic analysis was used  to analyze the interviews. The results indicated that first; metacognitive, cognitive and social strategies use were reportedly employed the most frequently of all strategies. Second, the strategies employed by males participants are not different with those employed by females Third, successful students used more strategies than those of less successful students. The interview findings demonstrated  that successful language learners mostly used practicing strategies ( practice four language skills). This study provides the implication for classroom practice, especially raising teacher’s awareness of their teaching methodology.

ABSTRAK

Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui strategi-strategi  pembelajaran bahasa yang digunakan oleh siswa SMA di Indonesia. Penelitian ini menerapkan metode mix-method dimana  Delapan Puluh telah mengisi angket strategi belajar bahasa (SILL) untuk data kuantitatif dan Delapan siswa telah diwawancarai untuk data kualitatif. Data dari angket dianalisa dengan SPSS sedangkan metode analisis tematik digunakan untuk menganalisis hasli wawancara. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pertama; Metakognitif, kognitif dan strategi sosial dilaporkan paling sering digunakan dari semua strategi pembeljaran bahasa. Kedua, strategi yang digunakan oleh siswa laki-laki tidak berbeda dengan yang laporkan oleh siswa perempuan. Ketiga, siswa yang sukses dalam pembelajaran bahasa  menggunakan lebih banyak strategi daripada siswa yang kurang sukses. Dari hasil wawancara didapatkan bahwa pelajar bahasa yang berhasil kebanyakan menggunakan strategi berlatih (berlatih empat keterampilan bahasa). Penelitian ini memberikan implikasi untuk proses belajar mengajar dalam  kelas, terutama untuk meningkatkan kesadaran guru terhadap pemilihab metodologi pengajaran mereka.

How to Cite: Alfian. (2016). The Application of Language Learning Strategies of High School Students In Indonesia. IJEE (Indonesian Journal of English Education), 3(2), 140-157 doi:10.15408/ijee.v3i2.5509.

Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15408/ijee.v3i2.5509

Keywords


gender; high school; language learning strategies (LLS); successful learners and less successful learners; SILL; jenis kelamin; sma; strategi belajar bahasa (LLS); peserta didik yang sukses dan peserta didik yang kurang berhasil; SILL

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