EFFORTS TO IMPROVE SCIENTIFIC ATTITUDE AND PRESERVATION OF LOCAL CULTURE THROUGH ETHNOBIOLOGY-BASED BIOLOGICAL PRACTICUM

Siti - Sunariyati, Suatma Suatma, Yula Miranda

Abstract


UPAYA PENINGKATAN SIKAP ILMIAH DAN PELESTARIAN BUDAYA LOKAL MELALUI PRAKTIKUM BIOLOGI BERBASIS ETNOBIOLOGI

 

Abstrak

Potensi lokal yang ada di sekitar sekolah pada umumnya belum banyak dimanfaatkan secara maksimal sebagai sumber belajar biologi, oleh sebab itu perlu dikembangkan praktikum biologi berbasis etnobiologi sebagai upaya pelestarian budaya lokal.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah 1) mengkaji pengetahuan Etnobiologi dan meningkatkan sikap ilmiah peserta didik SMA melalui praktikum biologi. 2) mengintegrasikan budaya lokal masyarakat suku Dayak Ngaju di wilayah Kabupaten Gunung Mas pada materi pelajaran biologi. Tahap pertama merupakan penelitian deskriptif kualitatif, pada tahap ini dilakukan pengkajian potensi lokal berbasis etnobiologi meliputi sumber daya alam hewan, tumbuhan dan potensi lokal lainnya, yang dimanfaatkan masyarakat.Tahap kedua dilaksanakan praktikum biologi berbasis etnobiologi pada peserta didik kelas X di tiga SMA wilayah Kabupaten Gunung Mas dengan menggunakan angket respons peserta didik terhadap pelaksanaan praktikum. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat peningkatan sikap ilmiah setelah mendapatkan pembelajaran biologi berbasis etnobiologi dibanding kelompok kontrol dengan rata-rata skor sebesar 0,47 (kriteria sedang).Budaya lokal perlu didokumentasikan dan diajarkan kepada generasi berikutnya untuk menghindari kehilangan budaya lokal di wilayah setempat.

Abstract

Local potentials that exist around the school, in general, have not been maximally utilized as a source of biology learning. Therefore, it needs to be developed learning biology-based on ethnobiology efforts of preservation of local culture. The purpose of this research is 1) to study the knowledge of ethnobiology and to improve the scientific attitude of the learner of high school students through biology practicum. 2) integrate the local culture of the Dayak Ngaju tribe community in the Gunung Mas District area in biology subject matter. The first stage is qualitative descriptive research. At this stage conducted an assessment of local potency based on ethnobiology covering natural animal resources, plants, and other local potencies, which is utilized by society. The second stage is practicum based on ethnobiology biology of class X students in three high schools in Gunung Mas District by using the questionnaire of students' responses to the practicum implementation. The results showed that there was an increase in scientific attitude after obtaining biology learning based on ethnobiology- compared to the control group with an average score of 0.47 (medium criterion). Local culture needs to be documented and taught to the next generation to avoid losing local culture in the local area.

 


Keywords


Ethnobiology, Scientificattitude, Local culture

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anderson E. N. 2011. Ethnobiology: Overview of a Growing Field, Department of Anthropology, University of California, Riverside, CA2011 by Wiley-Blackwell. All rights reserved, Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey, Published simultaneously in Canada.

Arum, G.P.F., Retnoningsih, A., & Irsadi, A. 2012. Etnobotani Tumbuhan Obat Masyarakat Desa Kaseneng Kecamatan Sumowuno Kabupaten Semarang Jawa Tengah.

Bennett, B.C. 2005. Ethnobotany Education, Opportunities, and Needs In The U.S Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199 USA.

Hunaepi. 2016. Assessment of higher Order Thinking Skills. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pusat Kajian Pendidikan Sains dan Matematika Tahun 2016. Mataram 12 Maret 2016.

Kraipeerapun, K & Thongthew. S. 2007. The development of ethnobotany curriculum for students in rural schools: An approach that incorporates the needs and insights of lokal communities. International Education Journal, 8(1)64-70.

Magnani, N. 2016. Reconstructing Food Ways: Role of Skolt Sami Cultural Revitalization Programs in Local Plant Use. Journal of Ethnobiology, Volume 36 Published by: Society of Ethnobiology.

Mulyasa, E. 2013. Pengembangan dan Implementasi Kurikulum 2013. Bandung. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Sufia, R., Sumarmi., & Amirudin, A. 2016. Kearifan Lokal Dalam Melestarikan Lingkungan Hidup (Studi Kasus Masyarakat Adat Desa Kemiren Kecamatan Glagah Kabupaten Banyuwangi). Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan Universitas Negeri Malang, 1 (4): 726-731.

Sunariyati, S., Suatma., & Miranda. Y. 2017. Pengembangan Praktikum Biologi di Sekolah Menengah Berbasis Etnobiologi. Proceeding Biology Education, 14 (1).

Wijayanto, H., Utomo.S.B., & Haryono. 2017. Upaya Peningkatan Sikap Ilmiah dan Prestasi Belajar Siswa melalui Penerapan Project Based Learning Dilengkapi Media Webquestpada Pembelajaran Kimia materi Sistem Koloid Kelas XI IPA 2 SMAN Gondang Rejo 2015/2016. Jurnal pendidikan Kimia (JPK), 6 (1) : 39 – 45.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15408/es.v11i2.13622 Abstract - 0 PDF - 0

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


@ EDUSAINS.  P-ISSN:1979-7281;E-ISSN:2443-1281

This is an open access article under CC-BY-SA license

 

Web Analytics Made Easy - StatCounter View My Stats