The Role of Chinese Communities to the Spread of Islam in Indonesia

M. Ikhsan Tanggok


The role of Chinese people in the development of Islam in Indonesia in the past was significant, as evidenced by historical evidence such as mosques and Muslim Chinese graves. The spread of Islam in Indonesia was not only carried out by Arabs and Persians, but also by Chinese people, both those who came with traders from the Middle East and separately. Since Islam entered the Malay Archipelago, especially Indonesia, through traders, it is understandable that Islamic kingdoms first emerged in coastal areas rather than inland or mountainous areas, which generally adhered to Hinduism, Buddhism, or local religions and beliefs. Their main purpose for coming to Indonesia was not to spread Islam but to establish relationships and trade. However, because they were Muslims, their attitudes and actions could influence the local population wherever they were, and intermarriages between them and the local population could lead the locals to convert to Islam.


Local beliefs, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Muslims, Chinese, Indonesia.

Full Text:



Ambari, Hasan Muarif. Laksamana Cheng Ho (Abad XV-XVI) dan Masyarakat Cina di Indonesia, 1993.

Al-Attas, Syed Muhammad Naquib, Islam dalam Sejarah dan Ke-budayaan Melayu, Bandung: Mizan, 1977.

Azra, Azyumardi. Jaringan Ulama, Bandung: Mizan, 1994.

Choy, Lee Khoon. Indonesia Between Myth and Reality, Singapura: Edu-cation, 1979.

Hamka, Sejarah Umat Islam IV, Jakarta: Bulan Bintang, 1981.

Hsin, Fei. Hsing-ch’a Sheng-lan (The Overall Survey of the Star Raft), translated by J.V.G. Mills, 1996, Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden.

Huan, Ma. Ying-yai Sheng-lan (The Overall Survey of the Ocean’s Shores, Bangkok: White Lotus Press, 1433.

Sagimun, M.D. Peninggalan Sejarah Masa Perkembangan Agama-agama di Indonesia, Jakarta: CV. Haji Masagung, 1988.

Salamon, CI. dan Lombard, D., Klenteng-klenteng Masyarakat Tionghoa di Jakarta. [Translated from English]. Jakarta: Yayasan Cipta Loka Caraka, 1985.

Steenbrink, Karel A. Beberapa Aspek tentang Islam di Indonesia Abad ke-19, Jakarta: Bulan Bintang, 1984.

Suryadinata, Leo. Kebudayaan Minoritas Tiongkok di Indonesia, Jakarta: Gramedia, 1988.

Syafi’i, Ahmad. “Pandangan Keagamaan WNI Keturunan”, Seminar pa-pers and unpublished, 1991.

Tjandrasasmita, Uka. Cina Muslim: Sepintas dalam Indonesia dan Prospeknya. 1993, (Unpublished).

Zhi, Kong Yuan. Sam Po Kong dan Indonesia, Jakarta: Walisongo, 1993.

DOI: Abstract - 0 PDF - 0


  • There are currently no refbacks.


Office: Faculty of Ushuluddin Building - 2nd Floor R. Jurnal - Jl. Ir. Juanda No. 95 Ciputat Jakarta

Phone/fax: +62-21-7493677/+62-21-7493579 - email:

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View Refleksi's Stats