Penafsiran Modern Ayat-Ayat Waris: Perbandingan Muḥammad Shaḥrūr dan Munawir Sjadzali

Muhammad Iqbal Piliang, M. Najib Tsauri

Abstract


This paper discusses inheritance discourse based on verses of the Qur’an according to modern interpreters, Muḥammad Shaḥrūr with Munawir Sjadzali. Both interpreters are appointed because they can be considered to have tried in their respective contexts to answer the emergence of ambiguous attitudes in implementing inheritance law from Muslim societies. Muḥammad Shaḥrūr understands and applies it in a way that is different from the opinions and concepts, as seen in the 'four classical patterns of calculation' (al-amalīyāt al-arba 'fī al-ḥisāb) as well as in social aspects, such as the concept of patrilinialism in society and the spirit of kinship and family spirit and ethnicity which became the benchmark for the distribution of inheritance in the past century or in political aspects, such as overlapping concepts of inheritance law which confuse ownership, law and prophetic authority. From this there is a clear relevance between the boundary theory proposed by Shaḥrūr and the efforts to reform Islamic law which are expected to grow with justice and be able to answer the needs of the community. Whereas Sjadzali developed the concept of inheritance contained in the Qur'an, to look for the relevance of Islamic teachings to the times, especially in the context of Modern Indonesia. Since al-Qur'an is multidimensional, as hudan li al-nās, the concept of Sjadzali's inheritance law has its own value, namely by teaching the principle of equality as the division of men is twice as large as women is no longer relevant. He also did not explain the division of inheritors who have an upward line adequately. This is because Sjadzali only sees from the side of the historicity of the region as the birth of his 1: 1 inheritance concept, without regard to other aspects such as heirs and heirs.

Keywords


Inheritance, Fiqh, Contemporary, al-Qur’an.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdurrahman, Kompilasi Hukum Islam di Indonesia, Jakarta: Radar Jaya Offset, 2007.

Abied Shah, M. Aunul. et al; Islam Garda Depan: Mosaik Pemikiran Islam Timur Tengah, Bandung: Mizan, 2000.

al-‘Arābī, Ibn. Aḥkām al-Qur’ān, Beirut: Dār al-Ma’rifah, t.th.

Boland, B.J. The Struggle of Islam in Modern Indonesia, New York: Martinus Nijhoff, 1971.

al-Bukhārī, Muḥammad Abī ‘Abdillāh Muḥammad Ibn Ismā’il ibn Ibrāhīm ibn al-Mughirah ibn Bardā Zabh. Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī, Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, t.th.

Daradjat, et al., Zakiah. Ilmu Fiqih, Yogyakarta: Dana Bhakti Wakaf, 1995.

Effendy, Bahtiar dkk. “Munawir Sjadzali, MA; Pencairan Ketegangan Ideologis”, dalam Azyumardi Azra dan Saiful Umam (ed.), Menteri-Menteri Agama RI Biografi Sosial Politik, Jakarta: INIS, PPIM, Balitbang Depag RI, 1998.

Ensiklopedi Tokoh Indonesia, "Prof. Dr. H. Munawir Sjadzali MA, Diplomat dan Pembaharu Islam", Internet: Tokoh Indonesia . Com, 3 November 2004.

Fuadi, Asral. Tinjauan Hukum Islam terhadap Pemikiran Muhammad Syahrur dalam Redukitas Hukum Wasiat, Yogkarta: Al-Ahwal Asy-Syahshiyyah, 2013.

Fatimah, Putri Ajeng. “Waris Kalālah dalam Pandangan Wahbah al-Zuhailī: Tafsir QS. al-Nisā’ [4]: 12 dan 176”, Skripsi: Jurusan Tafsir Hadis Fakultas Ushuluddin UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, 2011.

Fatimah, Neneng. “Konsep Waris dalam Perspektif Prof. Dr. H. Munawir Sjadzali, MA”, Skripsi: Pendidikan Agama Islam UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, 2012.

Fathurrahman, Ilmu Waris, Bandung: Al-Ma’arif, 1984.

Fanani, Muhyar. Membumikan Hukum Langit; Nasionalisasi Hukum Islam dan Islamisasi Hukum Nasional Pasca Reformasi, Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana, 2008.

Fuad, Mahsun. Hukum Islam Indonesia; Dari Nalar Partisipatoris Hingga Emansipatoris, Yogyakarta: LKIS, 2005.

Geertz, Clifford. The religion of Java, terj. Aswab Mahasin, Abangan, Santri, Priyayi dalam Masyaraka Jawa, Jakarta: Pustaka Jaya, 1983.

Hasan, Ali. Hukum Warisan Dalam Islam, Jakarta: Bulan Bintang, t.th.

Ismail, Faisal. Islam: Idealitas Ilahiyah dan Realitas Insaniyah, Yogyakarta: Adi Wacana [Tiara Wacana Group], 1999.

Imadudin, “Implikasi Pendefinisian Makna Kalalah Menurut Ulama Klasik dan Orientalis Terhadap Pembagian Harta Waris”, Skripsi: Fakultas Syariah dan Hukum UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, 2003.

al-Jaṣṣāṣ, Abū Bakr Aḥmad ibn „Alī al-Rāzī. Aḥkām al-Qur’ān, Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, t.th.

al-Jurjānī, ‘Alī ibn Muḥammad al-Sharīf. Kitāb al-Ta’rīfāt, Beirūt: Maktabah Lubnān, 1995.

Kuswadi, "Mambaul Ulum Kesunanan Surakarta, Sejarah dan Pemikiran", (Tesis pada Program Pascasarjana IAIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, 1997.

Kuzman, Charles (ed). Liberal Islamic; A Souncebook, terj. Wacana Islam Liberal: Pemikiran Islam Kontemporer Tentang Isu-isu Global, oleh. Bahrul Ulum, Jakarta: Paramadina, 2003.

Kathīr al-Qurshī al-Dimashqī, al-Imām Abū Fidā Ismā’il Ibn. Tafsīr al-Qur‟ān al-Aẓīm, Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, t.th.

Kamāl Faqih, Allamah. Tafsīr Nurūl Qur’ān, terj. Rd Hikmat Danaatmaja, Nūr al-Qur’ān: An Enlightening Commentary into the Ligh of the Holy Qur’an, Jakarta: al-Huda, 2003.

Lathif, Azharuddin. “Eksistensi Hīlah dalam Hukum Islam”, Ahkam: Jurnal Syariah-Hukum dan Pranata Sosial, No. 09/IV/2002.

Mardiono, “Pembagian Harta Waris (Studi Komparatif Penafsiran Surat al-Nisā’ ayat 11-12 dengan Adat Minangkabau”, Skripsi: Jurusan Tafsir Hadis Fakultas Ushuluddin UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, 2010.

Munawir, Ahmad Warson. Al-Munawir Kamus Arab-Indonesia, Surabaya: Pusat Progresif, 1997.

Nasuhi, Hamid, et all. Pedoman Penulisan Karya Ilmiah: Skripsi, Tesis dan Disertasi, Jakarta: CeQda, 2007.

Nafis, Muḥammad Wahyuni dkk. Kontekstualisasi Ajaran Islam, Jakarta: IPHI dan Paramadina, 1995.

Powers, David S. Studies in Qur’an and Hadith: The Formation of the Islamic Law of Inberitance, Bakerley: University of California, 1986.

Pranowo, Bambang. “Runtuhnya Dikotomi Santri-Abangan: Refleksi Sosiologis atas Perkembangan Islam di Jawa Pasca 1965”, Jakarta: Pidato Pengukuhan Guru Besar dalam Ilmu Sosiologi Agama pada Fak. Ushuluddin IAIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, 27 Desember 2001.

Projodikoro, Wiryono. Hukum Warisan di Indonesia, Bandung: Sumur, 1983.

al-Qurṭubī, Imām. al-Jāmi’ li Aḥkām al-Qur’ān, terj. Fathurrahman, Jakarta: Pustaka Azzam, 2007.

Rafiq, Ahmad. Hukum Islam di Indonesia, Jakarta: PT RajaGrafindo Persada, 2000.

----------. Fiqh Mawaris, Jakarta: PT RajaGrafindo Persada, 2001.

Riḍā, M. Rashīd. Tafsīr al-Manār, Mesir: Syirqah ‘Iqalat al-Dīn, t.th.

Rifai, Moh. Ilmu Fiqih Islam, Semarang: CV Toha Putra, 1978.

Rahman, Asymuni A. et al., Ilmu Fiqh 3, Jakarta: IAIN Jakarta, 1986.

Rahardjo, Dawam. "Kecendekiawanan dan Masalah Legitimasi Politik di Indonesia", dalam Muhamad Wahyuni Nafis dkk. (ed.), Kontekstualisasi Ajaran Islam. Sābiq, Al-Sayyid. Fiqh al-Sunnah, Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1983.

Sugiri, Asep. “Wasiat Untuk Ahli Waris: Kritik Esktern dan Intern Otentisitas Hadis-hadis Larangan Wasiat Untuk Ahli Waris”, Jurnal: al-Jama’ah, Vol. 42, No. 2, 2004/1425 H

Shaḥrūr, Muḥammad. Naḥw Uṣūl Jadīdah Li al-Fiqh al-Islāmī, terj. Metodologi Fiqh Islam Kontemporer oleh Sahiron Syamsudin dan Burhanudin, Yogyakarta: eLSAQ Press, 2004.

----------. al-Kitāb wa al-Qur’ān; Qirā’ah Mu’ashirah, Damaskus: al-Ahāli, 1990.

----------. Prinsip dan Dasar Hermeneutika al-Qur'an Kontemporer, terj. Burhanuddin dan Sahiron Syamsuddin Yogyakarta: Elsaq Press, 2004.

Syahril, Sulthan. “Munawir Syadzali (Sejarah Pemikiran dan Kontribusinya Bagi Perkembangan Pemikiran Islam Indonesia Kontemporer)”, Analisis, Volume XI, Nomor 2, Desember 2011.

Syadzali, Munawir. Ijtihad Dalam Sorotan, Bandung: Mizan, 1990.

----------. Ijtihad Kemanusiaan, Jakarta; Paramadina, 1997.

----------. Reaktualisasi Ajaran Islam, dalam Iqbal Abdur Rauf Saimia (ed.), Polemik Reaktualisasi Ajaran Islam, Jakarta: Pustaka Panjimas 1988.

----------. Kontekstualisasi Ajaran Islam: 70 Tahun Munawwir Sjadzali, Jakarta: Pustaka Panjimas, 1988.

----------. Kontekstualisasi Ajaran Islam, Jakarta: Ikatan Persaudaraan Haji Indonesia (IPHI), 1995,

----------. “Reaktualisasi Ajaran Islam”, dalam Iqbal Abdurrauf Saimima, Polemik Reaktualisasi Ajaran Islam, Jakarta: Pustaka Panjimas, 1988.

----------. Pendidikan Agama dan Pengembangan Pemikiran Keagamaan, Jakarta: Biro Hukum dan Humas Depag RI, 1985.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15408/ref.v18i1.12677 Abstract - 0 PDF - 0

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


FACULTY OF USHULUDDIN SYARIF HIDAYATULLAH STATE ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY

Office: Faculty of Ushuluddin Building - 2nd Floor R. Jurnal - Jl. Ir. Juanda No. 95 Ciputat Jakarta

Phone/fax: +62-21-7493677/+62-21-7493579 - email: jurnalrefleksi@uinjkt.ac.id


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View Refleksi's Stats