Majaz Isti’arah in Qur’an Surah Al-Baqarah: A Balaghah Science Perspective Based Analysis

Murdiono Murdiono, Muhamad Amin, Hadi Nur Taufiq

Abstract


This study examined the Majaz Isti'arah contained in the Qurán Surah (Q.S) Al-Baqarah accord-ing to the Perspective of Balaghah Science. Majaz isti'arah wasa part of the majaz lughawi which discussed the use of a word that was not in its real sense. The study relied on verbal data in the form of Quranic verses taken from Q.S Al-Baqarah through carefully reading to identify Majaz isti'arah. The identified Majaz isti'arah were qualitatively in accordance with Balaghah science perspective. It was done by balaghah scholars to get the most appropriate interpretation. The study found out that in Q.S. Al-Baqarah has 19 verses of Majaz Isti'arah. They were distribut-ed into Majaz Isti'arah tasrihiyah with nine verses, namely Q.S. Al-Baqarah (2): 7, 16, 41, 49, 138, 143, 168, 175, 187, and Isti'arah makniyah with nine verses, namely Q.S. Al-Baqarah (2): 9, 27, 74, 81, 93, 250, 256, 257, 259; Isti'arah thaba'iyyah there with 15 verses, namely In Q.S. Al-Baqarah (2): 7, 16, 27, 41, 49, 74, 81, 93, 143, 168, 175, 187, 250, 257, 259; Isti'arah Tamstsili-yah, with two verses, namely, Q.S. Al-Baqarah (2): 138, 266; and Isti'arah ashliyah with two verses, namely Q.S. Al-Baqarah (2): 138, 256. The data illustrates the existence of the isti'arah majaz which cannot be separated in understand-ing the Qur'an in particular. Q.S. Al-Baqarah. Therefore, this study suggests the need to explore the science of balaghah and further research on other suras in the Qur'an.


Keywords


Majaz Ist'arah; Balaghah; Al-Qur'an

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DOI: 10.15408/bat.v28i1.20843

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