Discursive Strategy of the Relationship Between Islam and Democracy on Room for Debate Rubric of nytimes.com
Different perspectives on the compatibility between Islam and Democracy are still problematic and have been widely discussed on the international media, especially after the Arab Spring. This study aimed to reveal the changes in social beliefs about the relationship between Islam and democracy within the discourse on Room for Debate rubric, nytimes.com. The data were the written text (verbal) comprising the introductory segment from the editor, the opinion segment comprising 6 articles, and the public comment segment. The method used in this study was the qualitative method. This study employed Fairclough’s Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) (2013) to reveal the discursive strategy of the writers in negotiating the democratic and Islamic values, to investigate the production, distribution, and consumption of the text, and to identify the social context which causes the discourse of the relationship between Islam and Democracy to appear. The finding showed that there were some democratic values negotiated within the discourse that showed changes in social beliefs about the relationship between Islam and democracy in the modern view. The value negotiation showed the alignment of the writers towards the progressive Muslim actors who supported the modern democratic government system.
Alatas, S. F., & The Centre for Research on Islamic and Malay Affairs (RIMA). (2005). Covering Islam : Challenges & Opportunities for Media in the Global Village. In Islam Zeitschrift Für Geschichte Und Kultur Des Islamischen Orients.
Azra, A. (1996). Pergolakan Politik Islam. Paramadina.
Darajat, Z. (2019). Relasi Agama dan Negara: Perspektif Sejarah. Buletin Al-Turas, XXV, 75. https://doi.org/10.15408/bat.v25i1.8682
Effendy, B. (2001). Teologi Baru Politik Islam. Galang Printika.
Eriyanto. (2015). Analisis Wacana Kritis: Pengantar Analisis Teks Media. LKiS Group.
Esposito, J. L., Sonn, T., Voll, J. O., & Öterbülbül, S. (2016). Islam and democracy after the Arab Spring. In Uluslararasi Iliskiler. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195147988.001.0001
Esposito, J. L., & Voll, J. O. (1996). Islam and Democracy: Heritage and Global Context. In Islam and Democracy.
Fairclough, N. (2003). Analysing Discourse. Textual Analysis for Social Research. Routlegde.
Fairclough, N. (2013). Critical discourse analysis the critical study of language, second edition. In Critical Discourse Analysis The Critical Study of Language, Second Edition. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315834368
Flowerdew, J. (2012). Critical Discourse Analysis in Historiography. In Critical Discourse Analysis in Historiography. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230336841
Flowerdew, J., & Richardson, J. E. (2017). The routledge handbook of critical discourse studies. In The Routledge Handbook of Critical Discourse Studies. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315739342
Halliday, M. A. K. (2014). An Introduction to Functional Grammar. In An Introduction to Functional Grammar. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203783771
Hefner, R. W. (2010). The Islamic World in the Age of Western Dominance. In F. Robinsin (Ed.), The New Cambridge History of Islam (p. 604). Cambridge University Press.
Nasution, H. (2014). Pembaruan dalam Islam Sejarah Pemikiran dan Gerakan. PT. Bulan Bintang.
Nida, E. A. (2015). A Componential Analysis of Meaning. In A Componential Analysis of Meaning. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110828696
Pierre, A. J., & Huntington, S. P. (1992). The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century. Foreign Affairs. https://doi.org/10.2307/20045138
Ramadhan, T. (2012). Waiting for an Arab Spring Ideas. https://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/01/opinion/waiting-for-an-arab-spring-of-ideas.html
Resigl, M. (2014). Argumentation Analysis and the Discourse-Historical Approach A Methodological Framework. In C. Hart (Ed.), Contemporary Critical Discourse Studies (1st ed., pp. 67–96). Bloomsbury Publishing Plc.
Samaie, M., & Malmir, B. (2017). US news media portrayal of Islam and Muslims: a corpus-assisted Critical Discourse Analysis. Educational Philosophy and Theory. https://doi.org/10.1080/00131857.2017.1281789
Sihbudi, R. (2004). Islam, Radikalisme, dan Demokrasi. In Terorisme, Perang Global, dan Masa Depan Demokrasi. (pp. 73–81). Matapena.
Silverman, D. (2004). Qualitative Research: Theory, Method and Practice. In Qualitative Research.
Topkev, A. (2016). Discourse analysis and media attitudes: the representation of Islam in the British press. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 37(2), 216–218. https://doi.org/10.1080/01434632.2014.973654
Törnberg, A., & Törnberg, P. (2016). Muslims in social media discourse: Combining topic modeling and critical discourse analysis. Discourse, Context and Media. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcm.2016.04.003
Toulmin, S. E. (2003). The uses of argument: Updated edition. In The Uses of Argument: Updated Edition. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511840005
Toulmin, S. E. (2012). The Layout of Arguments. In The Uses of Argument. https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511840005.007
U.S Department of State. (2014). Democracy. https://www.state.gov/
Usher, N. (2014). Making news at the New York times. In Making News at the New York Times. https://doi.org/10.5860/choice.186140
Voll, J. O. (2019). Islam: Continuity and change in the modern world. In Islam: Continuity and change in the modern world. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429052132
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2021 Alfi Syahriyani, Untung Yuwono, Afdol Tharik Wastono
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.