Isotherm and Kinetic Studies on the Adsorption Behavior of Metanil Yellow Dyes onto Modified Shrimp Shell-Polyethylenimine (SS-PEI)

Rahmiana Zein, Zulkarnain Chaidir, Zilfa Zilfa, Syiffa Fauzia, Putri Ramadhani


The present study investigated the ability of modified shrimp shell by Polyethylenimine (PEI) for enhanced removal of metanil yellow. The modification was carried out using citric acid as a cross linker. The removal of metanil yellow by modified shrimp shell-PEI was conducted by batch method and investigated some parameters affected adsorption including pH, initial dye concentration, and contact time. The optimum conditions were achieved at pH 5, initial dye concentration 1200 mg/L, and contact time 90 minutes. The adsorption isotherm study showed that the adsorption of metanil yellow dye by modified shrimp shell-PEI followed the Langmuir isotherm model with a maximum adsorption capacity (qm) 121.951 mg/g. The kinetic study indicated that the adsorption process suited to the pseudo-second-order model. The characterization results revealed the differences in the adsorbent characteristics before and after the adsorption of metanil yellow dye. The cross-linked PEI onto shrimp shell provided more active sites (amine groups) to bind dye molecules. It can be concluded that modified shrimp shell by PEI has increased its ability in metanil yellow removal.


Adsorbent; Metanil yellow; Modification; Polyethylenimine; Shrimp shell


Bakatula, E. N., Richard, D., Neculita, C. M., & Zagury, G. J. (2018). Determination of point of zero charge of natural organic materials. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25(8), 7823–7833.

Borhade, A. V., & Kale, A. S. (2017). Calcined eggshell as a cost effective material for removal of dyes from aqueous solution. Applied Water Science.

Chaidir, Z., Zein, R., Sagita, D. T., & Munaf, E. (2015). Bioremoval of methyl orange dye using durian fruit ( Durio zibethinus ) Murr seeds as biosorbent. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 7(1), 589–599.

Chatterjee, S., Chatterjee, T., & Woo, S. H. (2011). Influence of the polyethyleneimine grafting on the adsorption capacity of chitosan beads for Reactive Black 5 from aqueous solutions. Chemical Engineering Journal, 166(1), 168–175.

Dai, L., Yao, Z., Yang, W., Xia, M., & Ye, Y. (2017). Crab Shell: A Potential High-Efficiency and Low-Cost Adsorbent for Dye Wastewater. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 26(8), 4991–4998.

Daneshvar, E., Sohrabi, M. S., Kousha, M., Bhatnagar, A., Aliakbarian, B., Converti, A., & Norrström, A. C. (2014). Shrimp shell as an efficient bioadsorbent for Acid Blue 25 dye removal from aqueous solution. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 45(6), 2926–2934.

Dawood, S., Sen, T. K., & Phan, C. (2016). Adsorption removal of Methylene Blue (MB) dye from aqueous solution by bio-char prepared from Eucalyptus sheathiana bark: kinetic, equilibrium, mechanism, thermodynamic and process design. Desalination and Water Treatment, 57(59), 28964–28980.

Fauzia, S., Furqani, F., Zein, R., & Munaf, E. (2015). Adsorption and reaction kinetics of tatrazine by using Annona muricata L seeds. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 7(1), 573–582.

Guerrero-Coronilla, I., Aranda-García, E., & Cristiani-Urbina, E. (2019). Biosorption of metanil yellow dye from aqueous solutions by the entire water hyacinth plant (Eichhornia crassipes) and its vegetative organs. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, 18(8), 1671–1682.

Hevira, L., Zilfa, Rahmayeni, Ighalo, J. O., Aziz, H., & Zein, R. (2021). Terminalia catappa shell as low-cost biosorbent for the removal of methylene blue from aqueous solutions. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 97, 188–199.

Ikhazuangbe, P. M. O., & Eruotor, M. O. (2017). Isothermal and Batch Adsorption Studies of Malachite Green Oxalate Dye onto Activated Carbon from Snail Shell. International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology (IJEAB), 2(5), 2487–2492.

Isiuku, B. O. (2017). Batch Removal of Metanil Yellow (MY) from Aqueous Solution by Adsorption on HNO3-Treated-H3PO4- Activated Carbon (NATPAAC) from Gmelina aborea (G. aborea) Bark: Kinetic and Mechanism Studies. World News of Natural Sciences, 13, 10–26.

Joseph, N. T., Chinonye, O. E., Philomena, I. K., Christian, A. C., & Elijah, O. C. (2016). Isotherm and Kinetic Modeling of Adsorption of Dyestuffs Onto Kola Nut ( Cola Acuminata ) Shell Activated Carbon. Journal of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, 51(2), 188–201.

Kumari, S., Rath, P., & A, S. H. K. (2016). Chitosan from shrimp shell ( Crangon crangon ) and fish scales ( Labeorohita ): Extraction and characterization. African Journal of Biotechnology, 15(24), 1258–1268.

Kyzas, G. Z., & Bikiaris, D. N. (2015). Recent Modifications of Chitosan for Adsorption Applications : Sysematic Review. Marine Drugs, 13, 312–337.

Liu, B., & Huang, Y. (2011). Polyethyleneimine modified eggshell membrane as a novel biosorbent for adsorption and detoxification of Cr(VI) from water. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 21, 17413–17418.

Mangaleshwaran, L., Thirulogachandar, A., Rajasekar, V., Muthukumaran, C., & Rasappan, K. (2015). Batch and fixed bed column studies on nickel (II) adsorption from aqueous solution by treated polyurethane foam. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 55, 112–118.

Nausheen, S., Bhatti, H. N., Hanif, M., & Rehman, K. (2017). Enhanced Removal of Golden XGL Dye by Clay Composites: Batch and Column Studies. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 26(5), 2113–2123. Retrieved from

Niero, G., Corrêa, A. X. R., Trierweiler, G., Matos, A. J. F., Corrêa, R., Bazani, H. A. G., & Radetski, C. M. (2019). Using modified fish scale waste from Sardinella brasiliensis as a low-cost adsorbent to remove dyes from textile effluents. aJournal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering, 0(0), 1–8.

Nurhasni, M.Si, N., Mar’af, R., & Hendrawati, H. (2018). Pemanfaatan Kulit Kacang Tanah (Arachis hipogaea L.) sebagai Adsorben Zat Warna Metilen Biru. Jurnal Kimia VALENSI, 4(2), 156–167.

Ramadhani, P., Chaidir, Z., Zilfa, Z., Tomi, Z. B., Rahmiarti, D., & Zein, R. (2020). Shrimp shell (Metapenaeus monoceros) waste as a low-cost adsorbent for metanil yellow dye removal in aqueous solution. Desalination and Water Treatment, 197, 413–423.

Reddy, M. C. ., Sivaramakrishna, L., & Reddy, A. . (2012). The use of an agricultural waste material , Jujuba seeds for the removal of anionic dye ( Congo red ) from aqueous medium. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 203–204, 118–127.

Sadaf, S., & Bhatti, H. N. (2014). Evaluation of peanut husk as a novel, low cost biosorbent for the removal of Indosol Orange RSN dye from aqueous solutions: Batch and fixed bed studies. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, 16(3), 527–544.

Sadik, M. A. (2019). Removal of Reactive Dye from Textile Mill Wastewater by Leading Electro-Coagulation Process Using Aluminum as a Sacrificial Anode. Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science, 9(2), 182–193.

Santos, C. S., & Fernandez-lafuente, R. (2017). Enzyme biocatalysts the design of immobilized enzyme biocatalysts. Journal of Materials Chemistry B, 5(August), 7461–7490.

Sawasdee, S., & Watcharabundit, P. (2016). Effect of temperature on brilliant green adsorption by shrimp shell: Equilibrium and kinetics. Chiang Mai University Journal of Natural Sciences, 15(3), 221–236.

Simi, A., & Azeeza, V. (2014). Removal of methylene blue dye using low cost adsorbent. Asian Journal of Chemistry, 4(1), 4371–4376.

Suhaili, R., Muliati, A., & Zein, R. (2016). Biosorption of Cadmium and Zinc by Tanjung Fruit Husk ( Mimusops elengi L .). Der Pharma Chemica, 8(7), 55–61.

Sulyman, M., Namiesnik, J., & Gierak, A. (2014). Utilization of New Activated Carbon Derived from Oak Leaves for Removal of Crystal Violet from Aqueous Solution. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 23(6), 2223–2232.

Uzunoğlu, D., & Özer, A. (2016). Adsorption of Acid Blue 121 dye on fish (Dicentrarchus labrax) scales, the extracted from fish scales and commercial hydroxyapatite: equilibrium, kinetic, thermodynamic, and characterization studies. Desalination and Water Treatment, 57(30), 14109–14131.

Wang, X., Jiang, C., Hou, B., Wang, Y., Hao, C., & Wu, J. (2018). Carbon composite lignin-based adsorbents for the adsorption of dyes. Chemosphere, 206, 587–596.

Wong, S., Tumari, H. H., Ngadi, N., Mohamed, N. B., Hassan, O., Mat, R., … Amin, S. (2019). Adsorption of anionic dyes on spent tea leaves modi fi ed with polyethyleneimine ( PEI-STL ). Journal of Cleaner Production, 206, 394–406.

Zein, R., Astuti, A. W., Wahyuni, D., Furqani, F., & Munaf, E. (2015). Removal of Methyl Red from Aqueous Solution by Neplhelium lappaceum. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical , Biological and Chemical Sciences, 6(3), 86–97.

Zein, R., Tomi, Z. B., Fauzia, S., & Zilfa, Z. (2020). Modification of rice husk silica with bovine serum albumin (BSA) for improvement in adsorption of metanil yellow dye. Journal of the Iranian Chemical Society, 17(10), 2599–2612.

Zhang, Y. zhuo, Li, J., Zhao, J., Bian, W., Li, Y., & Wang, X. jie. (2016). Adsorption behavior of modified Iron stick yam skin with Polyethyleneimine as a potential biosorbent for the removal of anionic dyes in single and ternary systems at low temperature. Bioresource Technology, 222, 285–293.

Zilfa, Rahmayeni, Setiadi, Y., & Adril. (2018). Utilization of Natural Zeolite Clinoptilolite-Ca As A Support of ZnO Catalyst for Congo Red Degradation and Congo Red Waste Applications with Photolysis. Oriental Journal of Chemistry, 11641.

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.15408/jkv.v8i1.22566


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Rahmiana Zein, Zulkarnain Chaidir, Zilfa Zilfa, Syiffa Fauzia, Putri Ramadhani

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.