Pesona Tari sebagai Aset Pariwisata Budaya Indonesia

Puspitaning Wulan, Warih Handayaningrum



Dance has the complexity of the expression of aesthetic expressions that are correlated with other fields around it. This provides the opportunity for dance to be able to have an internal and external impact on individuals in and around the scope of dance. Therefore this study aims to explain (1) the charm in dance, (2) the need for self-expression that gives aesthetic experience, and (3) the long-term role of dance for tourism and cultural preservation. This study uses qualitative methods of dance and its potential in tourism. Alfred Gell's charm approach is used in which dancers process motion to attract the attention of the audience and give an aesthetic impact on the audience so as to bring up experiences that have implications for the field of tourism. The results showed that (1) the charm displayed in dance, whether through dancers' gestures, costumes, delivery or presentation, and ritual performances can provide cultural therapeutic elements, where these elements provide an aesthetic experience to the audience; (2) the need for aesthetic experience is ultimately able to provide tourist attraction for the audience so as to provide encouragement to enjoy dance performances as tourists; and (3) the government pays particular attention to dance as an agent and cultural tourism asset in Indonesia. The role of dance which is increasingly complex and routine opens opportunities for collaborative work with other disciplines to provide hope for the varied use of dance in Indonesia.

Keyword: Enchantment, Dance, Cultural Tourism, Indonesia



Seni tari memiliki kompleksitas dari perujudan ekspresi estetis yang berkonstelasi dengan bidang lain disekitarnya. Hal tersebut memberikan peluang seni tari mampu memberikan dampak internal maupun eksternal individu dalam dan sekitar lingkup tari. Oleh karenanya penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan tentang (1) pesona dalam seni tari, (2) kebutuhan akan ekspresi diri yang memberikan pengalaman estetik, dan (3) peran jangka panjang seni tari bagi pariwisata dan pelestarian budaya. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif terhadap seni tari dan potensinya dalam pariwisata. Pendekatan pesona milik Alfred Gell digunakan di mana penari mengolah gerak guna menarik perhatian penonton dan memberikan dampak estetis pada penonton sehingga memunculkan pengalaman yang berimplikasi pada bidang pariwisata. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1) pesona yang ditampilkan dalam tari, baik melalui gerak tubuh penari, kostum, penyampaian atau penyajian, dan ritual pertunjukannya mampu memberikan unsur terapetik budaya, di mana unsur tersebut memberikan pengalaman estetik kepada penonton; (2) kebutuhan akan pengalaman estetik tersebut pada akhirnya mampu memberikan daya tarik wisata bagi penonton sehingga memberikan dorongan untuk menikmati pertunjukan tari sebagai wisatawan; dan (3) pemerintah memerhatikan seni tari secara khusus sebagai agen serta aset pariwisata budaya yang ada di Indonesia. Peran seni tari yang semakin kompleks dan rutin membuka peluang untuk terjadinya kerja kolaboratif dengan disiplin ilmu lain memberikan harapan akan variatifnya pemanfaatan seni tari di Indonesia.

Kata kunci: Pesona; Seni Tari; Pariwisata Budaya; Indonesia


Full Text:



Adams, Kathleen M. Art as Politics: Re-Crafting Identities, Tourism, and Power in Tana Toraja, Indonesia. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2006.

Alvarez, Maria D., Frank M. Go, and Atila Yuksel, eds. Heritage Tourism Destinations: Preservation, Communication and Development. Boston: CAB International, 2016.

Azmi, Azti Nezia Suriyanti. “Tradition and Transformation in the Pelegongan Dance Repertoire.” Asian Theatre Journal 25, no. 2 (2019): 329–343.

Banes, Sally. “Grand Union: The Presentation of Everyday Life as Dance.” Dance Research Journal 10, no. 2 (2010): 43–49.

Barthel, Diane. “Historic Preservation : A Comparative Analyses.” Sociological Forum 4, no. 1 (1989): 87–105.

Bose, Mandakranta. Movement and Mimesis: The Idea of Dance in the Sanskritic Tradition. New York: Springer Science, 1991.

Boskoff, Alvin. Sociology and History. London: The Free Press of Glencoe, 1964.

Campbell, Siobhan. “Kamasan Art in Museum Collections: Entangled Histories of Art Collecting in Bali.” Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 170, no. 2–3 (2014): 250–280.

Capwell, Charles. “Contemporary Manifestations of Yemeni-Derived Song and Dance in Indonesia.” Yearbook for Traditional Music 27, no. 1995 (2010): 76–89.

Celeste, Bryan Lee D. “Dance as Cultural Dancing Amidst Displacement: Binanog Adaptation and Resistance.” Philippine Sociological Review 65, no. 201 (2017): 97–120.

Connor, Linda, and Adrian Vickers. “Crisis, Citizenship, and Cosmopolitanism: Living in a Local and Global Risk Society in Bali.” Indonesia 75 (2013): 153–180.

D’Amore, Louis. “Peace through Tourism: The Birthing of a New Socio-Economic Order.” Journal of Business Ethics 89, no. Supplement 4: PEACE THROUGH COMMERCE: A MULTISECTORAL APPROACH (2009): 559–568.

Davies, Stephen. “Balinese Legong: Revival or Decline?” Asian Theatre Journal 23, no. 2 (2016): 314–341.

Denzin, Norman K., and Yvonna S. Lincoln, eds. The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Research. Fifth Edit. Los Angeles: Sage Publications, 2018.

Dewey, John. Art as Experience. New York: Perigee Books, 1980.

Drown, Marilyn Vaughan. “Society of Dance History Scholars Fourteenth Conference: Dance in Hispanic Cultures.” Dance Research Journal 23, no. 2 (2017): 42–45.

Dwiningrum, S.I.A. Ilmu Sosial Dan Budaya Dasar. Yogyakarta: UNY Press, 2012.

Dwiyasmono. “Karya Tari ‘Solah’ Refleksi Nilai-Nilai Budaya Jawa Dalam Kehidupan Kekinian.” Jurnal Kawistara 5, no. 1 (2015).

Facca, Amy E., and J. Winthrop Aldrich. “Putting the Past to Work for the Future.” The Public Historian 33, no. 3 (2011): 38–57.

Facca, Amy E., and J. Winthrop Aldrich. “Putting the Past to Work for the Future.” The Public Historian 33, no. 3 (2011): 38–57.

Foley, Catherine E. “Cultural Tourism, Meitheal, and Re-Presentation of Heritage: Traditional Step Dancing and Siamsa Tíre.” Yearbook for Traditional Music 47 (2015): 141–160.

Gell, Alfred. “Technology of Enchantment and Enchantment of Technology.” In The Art of Antrophology Essay and Diagrams, edited by Eric Hirsch. London: Athlone Press, 2006.

Giles, Jessica, and Andrea Pin. Law, Religion and Tradition. Global Con. Singapore: Springer, 2018.

Gottsscalk, Louis. Mengerti Sejarah. Jakarta: UI Press, 1996.

Graham, Gordon. Philosophy of the Art. London: Routledge, 1997.

Hadi, Sri. “Konsep Apik Dalam Koreografi Wayang Babar.” Jurnal Kawistara 4, no. 1 (2014): 77–86.

Hanna, Judith Lynne. “Dance and Sexuality: Many Moves.” Journal of Sex Research 47, no. 2–3 (2010): 212–241.

Hawkesworth, C. J., P. A. Cawood, A.I.S. Kemp, C.D. Storey, and B. Dhuime. “A Matter of Preservation.” Science 323, no. 5910 (2009): 49–50.

Howe, Leo. The Changing World of Bali: Religion, Society and Tourism. London: Routledge, 2006.

Hume, David L. Tourism Art and Souvenirs. Oxon: Routledge, 2014.

Jokilehto, Jukka. “Preservation Theory Unfolding.” Future Anterior: Journal of Historic Preservation, History, Theory, and Criticism 3, no. 1 (2012): 1–9.

Kadt, Emmanuel de. “Arts, Crafts and Cultural Manifestations.” Ekistics 48, no. 288 (2001): 244–247.

Kaeppler, Adrienne L. “Dance Ethnology and the Anthropology of Dance.” Source: Dance Research Journal 32, no. 1 (2010): 116–125.

Katromi, Margaret J. “‘Traditional Music Weeps’ and Other Themes in the Discourse on Music, Dance and Theatre of Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand.” Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 26, no. 2 (2017): 366–400.

Kayam, Umar. Seni, Tradisi, Masyarakat. Jakarta: Sinar Harapan, 1981.

Krystal, Matthew. “Cultural Revitalization and Tourism at the Morería Nima’ K’iche’.” Ethnology 39, no. 2 (2010): 149–161.

Kuntowijoyo. Penjelasan Sejarah. Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana, 2008.

Leavy, Particia. Research Design: Quantitative, Qualitative, Mixed Methods, Arts-Based, and Community-Based Participatory Research Approaches. New York: The Guilford Press, 2017.فرهنگ و رسانه های نوین&option=com_dbook&task=readonline&book_id=13650&page=73&chkhashk=ED9C9491B4&Itemid=218〈=fa&tmpl=component.

Lewis, James R., and Olav Hammer, eds. The Invention of Sacred Tradition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Lewis, Richard L., and Susan Ingalls Lewis. The Power of Art. New Jersey: Cengage Learning, 2018.

Mills, Kathy A. Big Data for Qualitative Research. Routledge Focus. Oxon: Routledge, 2019.

Muhaimin, A.G. “The Ritual Practice : Ibadat.” In The Islamic Traditions of Cirebon. Indonesia: ANU Press, 2006.

Mura, Paolo, and Catheryn Khoo-Lattimore, eds. Asian Qualitative Research in Tourism: Ontologies, Epistemologies, Methodologies, and Methods. Singapore: Springer Singapore, 2018.

Murgiuanto, Sal. “Moving between Unity and Diversity: Indonesian Dance in a Changing Perspective.” TDR 37, no. 2 (2018): 131–160.

Parani, Yulianti. Penari Sebagai Sumber Daya Dalam Penataan Tari. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 1986.

Pawlick, Catherine E. Vaganova Today: The Preservation of Pedagogical Tradition. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2013.

Picard, Michel. “‘Cultural Tourism’ in Bali: Cultural Performances as Tourist Attraction.” Indonesia 49, no. 49 (2009): 37.

Raharjana, Destha Titi. “Membangun Pariwisata Bersama Rakyat: Kajian Partisipasi Lokal Dalam Membangun Desa Wisata Di Dieng Plateau.” Jurnal Kawistara 2, no. 3 (2012): 225–237.

Reed, Susan A. “The Politics and Poetics of Dance.” Annual Review of Anthropology 27, no. 1998 (2016): 503–532.

Ross, Laurie Margot. “Mask, Gender, and Performance in Indonesia: An Interview with Didik Nini Thowok.” Asian Theatre Journal 22, no. 2 (2015): 214–226.

Royce, Anya Peterson. Antropologi Tari. Bandung: Sunan Ambu Press, 2007.

Royo, Alessandra Lopez y. “Dance in Ninth Century Java: A Methodology for the Analysis and Reconstitution of the Dance.” Near Eastern Archaeology 66, no. 3 (2013): 137–139.

Salazar, Noel B. “Imaged or Imagined? Cultural Representations and the ‘Tourismification’ of Peoples and Places.” Cahiers d’études Africaines 44, no. 1–2 (2009): 49–71.

Santosa, Djarot Heru, Timbul Haryono, and R.M. Soedarsono. “Seni Dolalak Purworejo Jawa Tengah: Peran Perempuan Dan Pengaruh Islam Dalam Seni Pertunjukan.” Jurnal Kawistara 3, no. 3 (2013): 227–241.

Schama, Simon. The Power of Art. London: The Bodley Head Ltd, 2012.

Schechner, Richard. Performed Imaginaries. London: Routledge, 2018.

Sharer, R.J., and Wendy Asmore. Fundamentals of Archeology. California: The Benjamin or Cummings Publishing Company Inc, 1979.

Shokeid, Moshe. “Exceptional Experiences in Everyday Life.” Cultural Anthropology 7, no. 2 (2012): 232–243.

Sîntionean, Codruţa. “The Preservation of the Chŏnju Hanok Village: From Material Authenticity to the Themed Replica.” Future Anterior: Journal of Historic Preservation, History, Theory, and Criticism 12, no. 1 (2015): 57–75.

Soedarsono. “Masks in Javanese Dance-Dramas.” The World of Music 22, no. 1 (1980): 5–22.

Soedarsono, R.M. Seni Pertunjukan Indonesia Dan Pariwisata. Bandung: Masyarakat Seni Pertunjukan Indonesia, 1999.

Soemardjo, Jakob. Filsafat Seni. Bandung: Penerbit ITB, 2000.

Srivastava, Surabhi, ed. Conservation and Promotion of Heritage Tourism. New Jersey: IGI Global, 2018.

Strawson, Tiffany. “Dance Training in Bali: Intercultural and Globalised Encounters.” Theatre, Dance and Performance Training 5, no. 4 (2017): 291–303.

Suharto, Bambang, Janianton Damanik, M. Baiquni, and Chafid Fandeli. “Mobilitas Kelas Baru Di Dunia Industri Pariwisata.” Jurnal Kawistara 4, no. 3 (2014): 287–297.

Sunardi, Christina. “Making Sense and Senses of Locale through Perceptions of Music and Dance in Malang, East Java.” Asian Music 41, no. 2 (2013): 227–232.

Sunaryadi. “Aksiologi Tari Bedhaya Kraton Yogyakarta.” Jurnal Kawistara 3, no. 3 (2013): 263–276.

Svasek, Maruska. “Affective Moves: Transit, Transition and Transformation,” no. December (2015).

Svasek, Maruska., ed. Moving Subjects, Moving Objects: Transnationalism, Cultural Production and Emotions. New York: Berghahn Books, 2012.

Topic, Martina. “Dance and Cultural Tourism in Croatia.” International Journal of Religion and Society 5, no. 1 (2014).

Tuchman-Rosta, Celia. “From Ritual Form to Tourist Attraction: Negotiating the Transformation of Classical Cambodian Dance in a Changing World.” Asian Theatre Journal 31, no. 2 (2014): 524–544.

Warren, Carol. “Risk and the Sacred: Environment, Media and Public Opinion in Bali.” Oceania 82, no. ENVIRONMENTAL CONTESTS; ANTHROPOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES (2012): 294–307.

Weigert, Laura. “Performance.” Studies in Iconography 33, no. Special Issue Medieval Art History Today—Critical Terms (2013): 61–72.

Weintraub, Andrew N. “‘Dance Drills, Faith Spills’: Islam, Body Politics, and Popular Music in Post-Suharto Indonesia.” Popular Music 27, no. 3 (2018): 367–392.

Wessing, Robert. “A Dance of Life: The Seblang of Banyuwangi Indonesia.” Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 155, no. 4 (2019): 644–682.

DOI: Abstract - 0 PDF - 0


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.