Hazrat Usman Mashwani, Siti Maftuhah Damio



Speaking skill is one of the most important skills of the four language skills. It is believed as an indicator of competency in a language. Nazara (2011) considers speaking skill as an essential skill of the four language skills and suggests that EFL students have to master the speaking skill. Unfortunately, the majority of Afghan EFL undergraduates are facing issues in the speaking skill. Most of Afghan undergraduate EFL learners are good in reading and writing but they are not accurate and fluent in oral communication (Zia and Sulan, 2015). Hence, this study was conducted to particularly investigate student-related factors that affect students’ speaking skill. A mixed-method approach was used for the study. Data was collected through questionnaires and interviews. The data collected through questionnaires was analyzed in SPSS whereas the data collected through interviews was thematically analysed. A total of 90 students were purposively selected and participated in the study. The findings show that psychological factors and weak background of English language in the part of students were some of the factors that impede students speaking skill. It is hoped that the findings of the current study will help teachers as well as educators to be attentive toward students-related responsibilities to reduce the factors that affect students' speaking skill.


Keterampilan berbicara merupakan salah satu keterampilan terpenting dari empat keterampilan berbahasa. Hal ini diyakini sebagai indikator kompetensi dalam suatu bahasa. Nazara (2011) menganggap keterampilan berbicara sebagai keterampilan penting dari empat keterampilan bahasa dan menyarankan bahwa siswa EFL harus menguasai keterampilan berbicara. Sayangnya, mayoritas sarjana EFL Afghanistan menghadapi masalah dalam keterampilan berbicara. Sebagian besar pelajar EFL sarjana Afghanistan pandai membaca dan menulis tetapi mereka tidak akurat dan lancar dalam komunikasi lisan (Zia dan Sulan, 2015). Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini dilakukan untuk secara khusus menyelidiki faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan siswa yang mempengaruhi keterampilan berbicara siswa. Pendekatan metode campuran digunakan untuk penelitian ini. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui kuesioner dan wawancara. Data yang dikumpulkan melalui kuesioner dianalisis dengan SPSS sedangkan data yang dikumpulkan melalui wawancara dianalisis secara tematik. Sebanyak 90 siswa dipilih secara purposive dan berpartisipasi dalam penelitian ini. Temuan menunjukkan bahwa faktor psikologis dan latar belakang bahasa Inggris yang lemah di pihak siswa adalah beberapa faktor yang menghambat keterampilan berbicara siswa. Diharapkan temuan dari penelitian ini akan membantu guru serta pendidik untuk memperhatikan tanggung jawab terkait siswa untuk mengurangi faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi keterampilan berbicara siswa.

How to Cite: Mashwani, Hazrat U., Damio, Siti M. (2022). Student Related Factors Affecting Afghan EFL Undergraduates’ Speaking Skill. IJEE (Indonesian Journal of English Education), 9(2), 227-248-210. doi:10.15408/ijee.v9i2.26887


Afghan EFL undergraduates; speaking skill; student-related factors; Sarjana EFL Afghanistan; keterampilan berbicara; faktor yang berhubungan dengan siswa


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DOI: 10.15408/ijee.v9i2.26887


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