The Starting Material Concentration Dependence of Ag3PO4 Synthesis for Rhodamine B Photodegradation under Visible Light Irradiation

Febiyanto Febiyanto, Uyi Sulaeman

Abstract


Synthesis of Ag3PO4 photocatalyst under the varied concentrations of AgNO3 and Na2HPO4·12H2O as starting material has been successfully synthesized using the co-precipitation method. The concentration of AgNO3 is 0.1; 0.5; 1.0; and 2.0 M, whereas Na2HPO4·12H2O is 0.03; 0.17; 0.33; and 0.67 M, respectively. The co-precipitations were carried out under aqueous solution. As-synthesized photocatalysts were examined to degrade Rhodamine B (RhB) under blue light irradiation. The results showed that varying concentrations of starting materials affect the photocatalytic activities, the intensity ratio of [110]/[200] facet plane, and their bandgap energies of Ag3PO4 photocatalyst. The highest photocatalytic activity of the sample was obtained by synthesized using the 1.0 M of AgNO3 and 0.33 M of Na2HPO4·12H2O (AP-1.0). This is due to the high [110] facet plane and increased absorption along the visible region of AP-1.0 photocatalyst. Therefore, this result could be a consideration for the improvement of Ag3PO4 photocatalyst.


Keywords


Ag3PO4; co-precipitation method; photocatalytic activity; Rhodamine B

References


Afifah K, Andreas R, Hermawan D, Sulaeman U. 2019. Tuning the morphology of Ag3PO4 photocatalysts with an elevated concentration of KH2PO4. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis. 14(3): 625–633. https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.14.3.4649.625-633

Bi Y, Hu H, Ouyang S, Lu G, Ye J. 2012. Photocatalytic and photoelectric properties of cubic Ag3PO4 sub-microcrystals with sharp corners and edges. Chem. Commun., 48: 3748–3750. https://doi.org/10.1039/c2cc30363a

Bozetine I, Boukennous Y, Trari M, Moudir N. 2013. Synthesis and characterization of orthophosphate silver powders. Energy Procedia. 36: 1158–1167. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2013.07.131

Chen G, Sun M, Wei Q, Zhang Y, Zhu B, Du B. 2013. Ag3PO4/graphene-oxide composite with remarkably enhanced visible-light-driven photocatalytic activity toward dyes in water. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 244–245: 86–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.11.032

Chen X, Dai Y, Guo J, Bu F, Wang X. 2016. Synthesis of micro-nano Ag3PO4/ZnFe2O4 with different organic additives and its enhanced photocatalytic activity under visible light irradiation. Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing. 41: 335–342.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mssp.2015.10.010

Dong P, Yin Y, Xu N, Guan R, Hou G, Wang Y. 2014. Facile synthesis of tetrahedral Ag3PO4 mesocrystals and its enhanced photocatalytic activity. Materials Research Bulletin. 60: 682–689. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.materresbull.2014.09.047

Febiyanto, Eliani IV, Riapanitra A, Sulaeman U. 2016. Synthesis and visible light photocatalytic properties of iron oxide-silver orthophosphate composites. AIP Conference Proceedings. 020021: 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4945475

Febiyanto F, Soleh A, Amal MSK, Afif M, Sewiji S, Riapanita A, Sulaeman U. 2019. Facile synthesis of Ag3PO4 photocatalyst with varied ammonia concentration and its photocatalytic activities for dye removal. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis. 14(1): 42–50. https://doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.14.1.2549.42-50

Ge M. 2014. Photodegradation of rhodamine B and methyl orange by Ag3PO4 catalyst under visible light irradiation. Chinese Journal of Catalysis. 35(8): 1410–1417. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1872-2067(14)60079-6

Guo X, Chen C, Yin S, Huang L, Qin W. 2015. Controlled synthesis and photocatalytic properties of Ag3PO4 microcrystals. Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 619: 293–297. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2014.09.065

Huang X, Gu X, Zhao Y, Qiang Y. 2019. Photoelectrochemical performance of Ag3PO4/Ag membranes synthesized by grind coating. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics. 30: 19487–19492. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-019-02314-9

Katsumata H, Taniguchi M, Kaneco S, Suzuki T. 2013. Photocatalytic degradation of bisphenol A by Ag3PO4 under visible light. Catalysis Communications. 34: 30–34.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catcom.2013.01.012

Khan A, Qamar M, Muneer M. 2012. Synthesis of highly active visible-light-driven colloidal silver orthophosphate. Chemical Physics Letters. 519–520: 54–58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cplett.2011.11.015

Liu R, Hu P, Chen S. 2012. Photocatalytic activity of Ag3PO4 nanoparticle/TiO2 nanobelt heterostructures. Applied Surface Science. 258: 9805–9809. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2012.06.033

Martin DJ, Umezawa N, Chen X, Ye J, Tang J. 2013. Facet engineered Ag3PO4 for efficient water photooxidation. Energy & Environmental Science. 6: 3380–3386. https://doi.org/10.1039/c3ee42260g

Pradhan GK, Reddy KH, Parida KM. 2014. Facile fabrication of mesoporous α-Fe2O3/SnO2 nanoheterostructure for photocatalytic degradation of malachite green. Catalysis Today. 224: 171–179. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2013.10.038

Qu P, Zhao J. 1998. TiO2-assisted photodegradation of dyes : A study of two competitive primary processes in the degradation of RB in an aqueous TiO2 colloidal solution. Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical. 129: 257–268.

Rawal SB, Sung SD, Lee WI. 2012. Novel Ag3PO4/TiO2 composites for efficient decomposition of gaseous 2-propanol under visible-light irradiation. Catalysis Communications. 17: 131–135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catcom.2011.10.034

Song L, Chen Z, Li T, Zhang S. 2017. A novel Ni2+-doped Ag3PO4 photocatalyst with high photocatalytic activity and enhancement mechanism. Materials Chemistry and Physics. 186: 271–279. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2016.10.053

Sulaeman U, Febiyanto F, Yin S, Sato T. 2016. The highly active saddle-like Ag3PO4 photocatalyst under visible light irradiation. Catalysis Communication. 85: 22–25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catcom.2016.07.001

Vogel. 1990. Buku Teks Analisis Anorganik Kualitatif Makro dan Semimikro. Jakarta: PT. Kalman Media Pustaka.

Vu TA, Dao CD, Hoang TTT, Nguyen KT, Le GH, Dang PT, Tran HTK, Nguyen TV. 2013. Highly photocatalytic activity of novel nano-sized Ag3PO4 for Rhodamine B degradation under visible light irradiation. Materials Letters. 92: 57–60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2012.10.023

Wang B, Wang L, Hao Z, Luo Y. 2015. Study on improving visible light photocatalytic activity of Ag3PO4 through morphology control. Catalysis Communications. 58: 117–121. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catcom.2014.09.013

Wang H, He L, Wang L, Hu P, Guo L, Han X, Li J. 2012. Facile synthesis of Ag3PO4 tetrapod microcrystals with an increased percentage of exposed {110} facets and highly efficient photocatalytic. CrystEngComm. 222: 8342–8344. https://doi.org/10.1039/c2ce26366a

Wang L, Li N, Zhang Q, Lou S, Zhao Y, Chen M, Teng F. 2014. An innovative glycine complexing approach to silver phosphate myriapods with improved photocatalytic activity. CrystEngComm. 16: 9326–9330. https://doi.org/10.1039/C4CE01296H

Wilhelm P, Stephan D. 2007. Photodegradation of rhodamine B in aqueous solution. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry. 185: 19–25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotochem.2006.05.003

Wu A, Tian C, Chang W, Hong Y, Zhang Q, Qu Y, Fu H. 2013. Morphology-controlled synthesis of Ag3PO4 nano/microcrystals and their antibacterial properties. Materials Research Bulletin. 48(9): 3043–3048.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.materresbull.2013.04.054

Xie YP, Wang GS. 2014. Visible light responsive porous lanthanum-doped Ag3PO4 photocatalyst with high photocatalytic water oxidation activity. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. 430: 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2014.05.020

Xu YS, Zhang WD. 2013. Morphology-controlled synthesis of Ag3PO4 microcrystals for high performance photocatalysis. CrystEngComm. 15: 5407–5411. https://doi.org/10.1039/c3ce40172c

Yan X, Gao Q, Qin J, Yang X, Li Y, Tang H. 2013. Morphology-controlled synthesis of Ag3PO4 microcubes with enhanced visible-light-driven photocatalytic activity. Ceramics International. 39: 9715–9720. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2013.04.044

Yan Y, Guan H, Liu S, Jiang R. 2014. Ag3PO4/Fe2O3 composite photocatalysts with an n-n heterojunction semiconductor structure under visible-light irradiation. Ceramics International. 40: 9095–9100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2014.01.123

Yang Z, Tian Y, Huang G, Huang W, Liu Y, Jiao C, Wan Z, Yan X, Pan A. 2014. Novel 3D flower-like Ag3PO4 microspheres with highly enhanced visible light photocatalytic activity. Materials Letters. 116: 209–211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2013.11.041

Yi Z, Ye J, Kikugawa N, Kako T, Ouyang S, Stuart-williams H, Yang H, Cao J, Luo W, Li Z, Liu Y, Withers RL. 2010. An orthophosphate semiconductor with photooxidation properties under visible-light irradiation. Nature Materials. 9: 559–564. https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat2780

Yu H, Kang H, Jiao Z, Lü G, Bi Y. 2015. Tunable photocatalytic selectivity and stability of Ba-doped Ag3PO4 hollow nanosheets. Chinese Journal of Catalysis. 36: 1587–1595. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1872-2067(15)60938-X

Zhankui C, Mengmeng S, Zhi Z, Liwei M, Wenjun F, Huimin J. 2013. Preparation and characterization of Ag3PO4/BiOI composites with enhanced visible light driven photocatalytic performance. Catalysis Communications. 42: 121–124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catcom.2013.08.011

Zheng B, Wang X, Liu C, Tan K, Xie Z, Zheng L. 2013. High-efficiently visible light-responsive photocatalysts: Ag3PO4 tetrahedral microcrystals with exposed {111} facets of high surface energy. Journal of Materials Chemistry A. 1: 12635–12640. https://doi.org/10.1039/c3ta12946b


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.15408/jkv.v6i1.14837

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Febiyanto Febiyanto

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.