The Use of Rice Husk Silica in Modified Zinc Oxide Photocatalysts to Reduce Chromium Concentration

Diana Rakhmawaty Eddy, L Ahmad Na’ani, Rustaman Rustaman, Solihudin Solihudin

Abstract


Rice husk ash contains approximately 90-98% dry weight of silica and they have been reported to have several advantages compared to mineral silica. One of these is its application as a filler in ZnO photocatalysts using the sol-gel method. This study was, therefore, conducted to determine the effect of adding rice husk silica to increase the ability of ZnO/SiO2 photocatalyst to reduce chromium concentration. Meanwhile, a previous effort has been made to degrade methylene blue dyes by 89%. This current research involved preparing rice husk charcoal using pyrolysis tubes after which they were extracted to produce silica while ZnO/SiO2 composites were made at a 95/5, 90/10, and 85/15 (w/w) ratio and composite activity test was conducted to determine its ability to reduce chromium concentration from practicum discharge. The SEM-EDS results showed the formation of SiO2 composites in ZnO while 82.6% decrease in total chromium concentration from waste was obtained after 2 hours irradiation with 95/5 composites using ultraviolet radiation.


Keywords


Photocatalysts; rice husk; SiO2; ZnO/SiO2

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15408/jkv.v6i1.12324 Abstract - 0 PDF - 0

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