The Effect of the Operational Exit Tolls on the Welfare of the Local Community

Inayati Nuraini Dwiputri, Albertus Girik Allo, Linda Seprillina, Ermita Yusida


Infrastructure is a part of accelerating economic growth. The construction of toll roads can provide positive and negative impacts. The existence of toll roads can reduce transportation and production costs, which will increase domestic and international market efficiency. However, the construction of toll roads is feared can kill small businesses. Studies of the effect of operational exit tolls on welfare are still limited in Indonesia. This study was conducted to identify the impact of toll roads on community welfare in the Pandaan-Malang exit tolls area. Using paired t-test and the cluster analysis method showed that the positive and negative impacts of toll roads construction on the community in the exit tolls area are varied for each cluster. This study can be used as the basis for formulating policies for communities affected by operational exit tolls, in particular. Creating new economic centers in the exit tolls based on local uniqueness can minimize the negative impacts on communities.

How to Cite:
Dwiputri, I.N., Allo, A.G., Yusida, E. & Seprillina, L. (2022). The Effect of the Operational Exit Tolls on the Welfare of the Local Community. Signifikan: Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi, 11(1), 73-82.


cluster; infrastructure; economic growth; and toll-road

Full Text:



Acemoglu, D. (2009). Introduction to Modern Economic Growth. Princeton University Press. New Jersey.

Almahmoud, E., & Doloi, H. K. (2015). Assessment of Social Sustainability in Construction Projects Using Social Network Analysis. Facilities, 33(4), 152–176.

Annala, C. N., Batina, R. G., & Feehan, J. P. (2008). Empirical Impact of Public Infrastructure on the Japanese Economy. The Japanese Economic Review, 59(4), 419–437.

Aschauer, D. A. (1989). Is Public Expenditure Productive? Journal of Monetary Economics, 23(2), 177–200.

Aswicahyono, H., & Friawan, D. (2008). Infrastructure Development in Indonesia. In Kumar, N (Ed.), International Infrastructure Development in East Asia – Towards Balanced Regional Development and Integration. ERIA Research Project Report 2007-2, Chiba: IDE-JETRO.

Barro, R., & Sala-I-Martin, X. (2004). Economic Growth 2nd edition. The MIT Press. Cambridge, UK.

Bunrueang, S., Janma, C., & Veeayannon, K. (2019). Guidelines for Management of Thai Logistics Business. Review of Integrative Business and Economics Research, 8, 194–198.

Chatterjee, S., & Turnovsky, S. J. (2012). Infrastructure and Inequality. European Economic Review, 56(8), 1730–1745.

Doloi, H. (2012). Assessing Stakeholders’ Influence on Social Performance of Infrastructure Projects. Facilities, 30(12), 531–550.

Dwiputri, I. N. (2017). The Impact of The Unconditional Cash Transfer Program (BLT) on Cigarette Consumption in Indonesian Society. Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business, 32(2), 138–150.

Dwiputri, I. N., Arsyad, L., & Pradiptyo, R. (2018). The Corruption-Income Inequality Trap: A Study of Asian Countries. Economics Discussion Papers No 2018-81. Kiel Institute for the World Economy.

Dwiputri, I. N., Pradiptyo, R., & Arsyad, L. (2019). Corruption and Capital Growth: Identification of Bribery by the Firm. International Journal of Economics & Management, 13(2), 467–479.

Esfahani, H. S., & Ramı́rez, M. T. (2003). Institutions, Infrastructure, and Economic Growth. Journal of Development Economics, 70(2), 443–477.

Gertler, P. J., Martinez, S., Premand, P., Rawlings, L. B., & Vermeersch, C. M. J. (2016). Impact Evaluation in Practice. World Bank Publications. Washington DC.

Gherghina, Ștefan C., Botezatu, M. A., Hosszu, A., & Simionescu, L. N. (2020). Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs): The Engine of Economic Growth Through Investments and Innovation. Sustainability, 12(1), 347.

Hartono, B., & Hapsari, R. A. (2019). Policy Model for Ethics of Traffic on the Basis of Human and Social Value in Indonesian Society. Review of Integrative Business and Economics Research, 8(1), 227–234.

Hessels, J., & van Stel, A. (2011). Entrepreneurship, Export Orientation, and Economic Growth. Small Business Economics, 37(2), 255–268.

Irawan, T., Hartono, D., Irawan, F., & Yusuf, A. A. (2012). Infrastructure Improvement and Its Impacts on the Indonesian Economic Performance. Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business, 27(3), 293–302.

Jarreau, J., & Poncet, S. (2012). Export Sophistication and Economic Growth: Evidence from China. Journal of Development Economics, 97(2), 281–292.

Kalmanje, S., & Kockelman, K. M. (2009). Toll Roads in Texas: Traffic and Welfare Impacts. Journal of the Transportation Research Forum, 48(2), 5–22.

Kementerian PUPR. (2020). Rencana Strategis Tahun 2020 - 2024. Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat.

Khalil, H. A. E. E. (2012). Enhancing Quality of Life Through Strategic Urban Planning. Sustainable Cities and Society, 5, 77–86.

Khandker, S., Koolwal, G., & Samad, H. (2010). Impact Evaluation; Quantitative Methods and Practices. The World Bank. Washington.

Kostini, N., & Raharja, S. J. (2019). Financial Strategy of Small and Medium Businesses on The Creative Industry in Bandung, Indonesia. International Journal of Economic Policy in Emerging Economies, 12(2), 130–139.

Laique, U., Abdullah, F., Khan, S., & Rehman, I. U. (2019). Economic Progression of ASEAN-a Comparative Analysis of Selected ASEAN Economies. International Journal of Economic Policy in Emerging Economies, 12(1), 62–84.

Lazarov, D. (2019). Empirical Analysis of Export Performance and Economic Growth: The Case of Macedonia. International Journal of Trade and Global Markets, 12(3–4), 381–393.

Lee, G. K. L., & Chan, E. H. W. (2010). Evaluation of The Urban Renewal Projects in Social Dimensions. Property Management, 28(4), 257–269.

Li, S., Xu, H., & Shen, S. (2013). Research on the Urban Environmental Construction Index. Research Journal of Applied Sciences Engineering and Technology, 5(2), 475–480.

Mankiw, N. . (2013). Macroeconomics 8th edition. Worth Publishers. New York.

Marpaung, G. N., Soesilowati, E., Rahman, Y. A., Pangestu, Y. A. G., & Wicaksana, T. (2021). Socioeconomy Conditions After The Development of Toll Roads in Salatiga. Economics Development Analysis Journal, 10(1), 582–591.

Pradhan, R. P., & Bagchi, T. P. (2013). Effect of Transportation Infrastructure on Economic Growth in India: The VECM Approach. Research in Transportation Economics, 38(1), 139–148.

Pugh, G., & Fairburn, J. (2008). Evaluating the effects of the M6 Toll Road on industrial land development and employment. Regional Studies, 42(7), 977–990.

Rohman, M. A., Doloi, H., & Heywood, C. A. (2017). Success Criteria of Toll Road Projects from a Community Societal Perspective. Built Environment Project and Asset Management, 7(1), 32-44.

Solow, R. M. (1956). A Contribution to The Theory of Economic Growth. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 70(1), 65–94.

Swan, T. W. (1956). Economic Growth and Capital Accumulation. Economic Record, 32(2), 334–361.

Tekin, R. B. (2012). Economic Growth, Exports and Foreign Direct Investment in Least Developed Countries: A Panel Granger Causality Analysis. Economic Modelling, 29(3), 868–878.

DOI: Abstract - 0 PDF - 0


  • There are currently no refbacks.

View My Stats