Protection of the Rights, Freedoms and Interests of Ukrainian Citizens in Court Proceedings During the War

Yurii Kyrychenko, Oleksandr Kurakin, Viktor Kyrychenko, Pavlo Nazarenko, Liliia Baieva


Abstract. The purpose of the article consists in revealing  access to justice during wartime in cases related to protection of rights, freedoms and interests of citizens. Main content. Active hostilities are taking place in most regions of Ukraine, and this makes it impossible to delivery justice in administrative courts. However, the High Council of Justice has resolved this issue properly, so access to justice in Ukraine during the wartime in cases related to protection of rights, freedoms and interests of citizens is currently possible in accordance with the Constitution of Ukraine. Courts are obliged to administer justice even under martial law, and their powers are not suspended. In order to ensure access to the court, the Supreme Court changed the territorial jurisdiction of about one hundred courts of Ukraine. In connection with the introduction of martial law in Ukraine, all procedural terms shall be renewed, consideration of cases shall not be stopped, and excessive formalism on the part of judges shall not allowed.  Methodology:  The methodological basis of the research is presented as comparative-legal and systematic analysis, formal-legal method, interpretation method, hermeneutic method as well as methods of analysis and synthesis. Conclusions. The article analyzes the decision of the ECtHR, and based on this, the author comes to the conclusion that financial costs are considered by the ECtHR as an obstacle to access justice. Access to court is effective only when a person will have a real opportunity to challenge wrongful actions in practice. According to the ECtHR, the construction of Article 6 of the Convention is effective only if the case is considered in court. The ECtHR singles out the right to access the court as a component of the right to a fair trial. Attention is drawn to the fact that courts must take all measures to restore violated rights.

Key words: access to justice, court, electronic justice, subject of public authorities, the war (wartime), protection of rights, freedoms and interests of citizens.



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