Building Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaah an-Nahdliyah Character as the Pillar of Islamic Moderation in Islamic Boarding School

Faris Khoirul Anam, Moh. Padil, Mokhammad Yahya


This research aimed at identifying the Moslems character called Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaah an-Nahdliyah (Aswaja) to strengthen the Islamic moderation in Islamic Boarding School. Islamic moderation became an important topic in developing the understanding of diversity in Indonesia. The mixed-method study depended on quantitative and qualitative data sourced from the questionnaire comprising three domains of knowledge, attitude, and the practice of Islamic moderation and in-depth interview with the students, alumni, teachers, and the leaders of Islamic Boarding School. Based on the result of unpaired t-test, the study found out that significance for the knowledge was 0.80, for the attitude was 0.03, for the practice was 0.46, while the total reached 0.36. It also unveiled that it necessary to strengthen the materials of Aswaja in building Aswaja-based Moslems characters in Islamic boarding schools. This study identified eight characters of Aswaja Moslems as the source of material and curriculum development for Islamic Moderation in Islamic Boarding School, including (1) Islamic moderation guidance; (2) the maintenance of togetherness; (3) the acknowledgment of the authorization of fiqh schools; (4) the existence of bid’ah hasanah; (5) the loyal opposition to leaders; (6) the non-liberal method; (7) non-dominance of the truth; (8) the respect to the local wisdom under the standard of ushul fiqh. This study expected to embody the spirit of religious moderation in Indonesia.


Aswaja An-Nahdliyah Moslem; character; Islamic Boarding School; Islamic Moderation


Ahmad, I. F., Putro, N. H. P. S., Thontowi, Z. S., Syafii, A., & Subakti, M. A. (2020). Trends in the Implementation of Higher-Order Thinking Skills in Islamic Religious Education in Madrasahs and Schools: A Systematic Literature Review. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 9(2), 195–216.

Amirudin, Y. (2019). Pendidikan Karakter Berbasis Nilai-Nilai Aswaja. Vicratina: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 2(2), 109–120.

Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (4th ed). Pearson.

Fathurrochman, I., Ristianti, D. H., & Arif, M. A. S. bin M. (2019). Revitalization of Islamic Boarding School Management to Foster the Spirit of Islamic Moderation in Indonesia. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 8(2), 239–258.

Hanafi, Y., & Ikhsan, M. A. (2019). Prosecuting The House of God: The Irony of Rights to Freedom of Worship for Dhimmi Minority in Indonesia. Justicia Islamica, 16(1), 1–20.

Ikhsan, M. A. (2017a). Fikih HAM dan Hak Kebebasan Beribadah Minoritas Dzimmi di Indonesia. Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Pancasila dan Kewarganegaraan, 2(1), 34–40.

Ikhsan, M. A. (2017b). Nilai-Nilai Cinta Tanah Air dalam Perspektif Al-Quran. Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Pancasila dan Kewarganegaraan, 2(2), 108–114.

Ikhsan, M. A. (2019). Al-Quran Dan Deradikalisasi Paham Keagamaan Di Perguruan Tinggi: Pengarusutamaan Islam Wasathiyah. Al-Bayan: Jurnal Ilmu al-Qur’an Dan Hadist, 2(2), 98–112.

Karwadi, & Daimah. (2019). The Women and the Development of Inclusive Religious Education in the Srikandi Lintas Iman Community of Yogyakarta. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 8(1), 153–170.

Kurnia, S. S., Kuswarno, E., Maryani, E., & Firmansyah. (2021). The characteristics of investigative news organizations in Indonesia between 2010-2012. Heliyon, 7(2), e06276.

Labiba, S. (2021). Pembelajaran Aswaja untuk Menangkal Paham Radikalisme Intoleran pada Peserta Didik di MA Maarif Al-Asy’ari Ranggeh Pasuruan. Turatsuna : Jurnal Keislaman Dan Pendidikan, 3(1), 122–138.

Maskuri, M., Ma’arif, A. S., & Fanan, M. A. (2020). Mengembangkan Moderasi Beragama Mahasantri Melalui Ta’lim Ma’hadi di Pesantren Mahasiswa. J-PAI: Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam, 7(1), Article 1.

Masuda, K., & Yudhistira, M. H. (2020). Does education secularize the Islamic population? The effect of years of schooling on religiosity, voting, and pluralism in Indonesia. World Development, 130, 104915.

Patriadi, H. B. (2015). Human Security in Local Wisdom Perspective: Pesantren and its Responsibility to Protect People. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 28, 100–105.

Rifa’i, A., Prajanti, S. D. W., & Alimi, M. Y. (2017). Pembentukan Karakter Nasionalisme melalui Pembelajaran Pendidikan Aswaja pada Siswa Madrasah Aliyah Al Asror Semarang. Journal of Educational Social Studies, 6(1), 7–19.

Rodrigues, I. B., Adachi, J. D., Beattie, K. A., & MacDermid, J. C. (2017). Development and validation of a new tool to measure the facilitators, barriers and preferences to exercise in people with osteoporosis. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 18.

Saefi, M., Fauzi, A., Kristiana, E., Adi, W. C., Muchson, M., Setiawan, M. E., Islami, N. N., Ningrum, D. E. A. F., Ikhsan, M. A., & Ramadhani, M. (2020). Survey data of COVID-19-related knowledge, attitude, and practices among indonesian undergraduate students. Data in Brief, 31, 105855.

Saefudin, A., & Fatihah, A. F. A. (2020). Islamic Moderation Through Education Characters of Aswaja An-Nahdliyyah. Nazhruna: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 3(2), 160–179.

Saleh, M. N. I., Nudin, B., Khusaini, K., Alim, P., & Putri, I. A. (2019). Islamic Boarding School and the Deradicalization Efforts of Islamic Education in Madura. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 8(2), 259–286.

Siswanto. (2020). The Islamic Moderation Values on the Islamic Education Curriculum in Indonesia: A Content Analysis. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 8(1), 121–152.

Syarif, N. (2021, February 9). Aswaja (Ahl Sunnah Wal Jamaah), NU dan Negara Islam.

Wahyudin, D. (2017). Pendidikan Aswaja sebagai Upaya Menangkal Radikalisme. Dinamika Penelitian: Media Komunikasi Sosial, 17(2 Tahun 2017).

Wahyuni, S. (2012). Moslem Community Behavior in The Conduct of Islamic Bank: The Moderation Role of Knowledge and Pricing. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 57, 290–298.

Yaqin, A., Rozi, S., & Sham, F. M. (2020). The Paradox of Pesantren Education in the Implementation of Islamic Law: Study of Pesantren Kyai Notion in Mojokerto. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 9(1), 129–148.

Yusuf, M., & Wekke, I. S. (2015). Active Learning on Teaching Arabic for Special Purpose in Indonesian Pesantren. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 191, 137–141.

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.15408/bat.v27i2.20062


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Faris Khoirul Anam, Moh. Padil, Mokhammad Yahya

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.