CATATAN TENTANG Solanum diphyllum L. (SOLANACEAE) TERNATURALISASI DI PULAU JAWA

Muhammad Rifqi Hariri, Arifin Surya Dwipa Irsyam

Abstract


Abstrak

Solanum merupakan salah satu marga terbesar pada kelompok tumbuhan Angiospermae. Marga tersebut terdiri dari 1400 jenis yang terdistribusi di kawasan tropis dan subtropis. Banyak anggotanya yang memiliki nilai ekonomi tinggi, sehingga telah dibudidayakan secara luas sebagai tanaman pangan, sayuran, tumbuhan obat, dan tanaman hias. Oleh sebab itu, beberapa di antaranya telah diintroduksi ke Pulau Jawa sejak lama. Sebanyak 24 jenis Solanum telah tercatat dalam buku Flora of Java vol. 2. Meskipun demikian, masih memungkinkan adanya jenis-jenis lain yang belum terekam dalam buku tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memberikan informasi mengenai jenis tambahan yang telah ternaturalisasi di Pulau Jawa. Pengamatan dilakukan di beberapa lokasi di Jawa Barat, Jawa Tengah, dan Jawa Timur pada tahun 2015 hingga 2017. Solanum diphyllum telah dikoleksi dari Bogor (Darmaga), Bandung (Taman Sari dan Pasir Impun), Sumedang (Jatinangor), Wonogiri (Desa Johunut), Semarang (Desa Mesu), Trenggalek (Desa Watulimo), Situbondo (Desa Wringin Anom dan Banyuputih), Bondowoso (Desa Bandilan), dan Sumenep (Desa Pakong). Jenis ini memiliki potensi untuk dimanfaatkan sebagai tumbuhan obat. Tumbuhan ini ditemukan tumbuh meliar di semua lokasi pengamatan dan keberadaannya perlu diperhatikan karena jenis tersebut merupakan tumbuhan asing invasif di kawasan lain.

 

Abstract

Solanum is one of the largest genera in Angiospermae. This genus comprises about 1400 species distributed in tropic and subtropic regions. Some of them have high economic value and have been cultivated widely as crops, vegetables, medicinal plants, and ornamental plants. Therefore, several species have been introduced to Java island in the past. A total of 24 species of Solanum has been recorded in Flora of Java vol. 2. However, there is still unrecorded species occurred. The aim of this study was to provide information about an additional naturalized species in Java. The observations have been carried out in several locations in West Java, Central Java, and East Java, from 2015 to 2017. Solanum diphyllum has been collected from Bogor (Darmaga), Bandung (Taman Sari and Pasir Impun), Sumedang (Jatinangor), Wonogiri (Johunut Village), Semarang (Mesu Village), Trenggalek (Watulimo Village), Situbondo (Wringin Anom and Banyuputih Village), Bondowoso (Bandilan Village), and Pamekasan (Pakong Village). This species has a potential to be utilized as a medicinal plant. Moreover, this plant grows wildly in all of the observed locations. Its presence needs to be considered since it is known as an invasive alien species in other regions.

 

Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15408/kauniyah.v11i1.5448

 


Keywords


Flora; Jawa; Solanaceae; Solanum; Solanum diphyllum; Java

Full Text:

PDF

References


Backer, C. A., & van Slooten, D. F. (1924). Geillustreerd handboek der Javaansche theeokruiden en hunne beteekenis voor de cultuur. Batavia: Drukkeriijen Ruygok & Co.

Backer, C. A., & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R. C. (1965). Flora of Java. (vol. 2). Groningen: P. Noordhoff.

Backer, C. A. (1973). Atlas of 220 weeds of sugar-cane fields in Java. Deventer: Indonesian Sugar Experiment Station (BP3G).

Baylis, G. T. S. (1968). Daylength and flowering in the Solanum aviculare group. New Zealand Journal of Botany, 6, 221-225.

Brunel, S. (2011). Pest risk analysis for Solanum elaeagnifolium and international management measures proposed. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO, 41, 232-242.

D’Arcy, W. G. (1974). Solanum and its close relatives in Florida. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 61(3), 819-867.

Fawzi, N. M., & Habeeb, H. R. (2016). Taxonomic study on the wild species of genus Solanum L. in Egypt. Annals of Agricultural Science, 61, 165-173.

FLEPPC. (2015). List of invasive plant species. Retrieved from http://www.fleppc.org/list/list.htm.

Frodin, D. G. (2004). History and concepts of big plant genera. Taxon, 53(3), 753-776.

Galindo-Gonzalez, J., Guevara, S., & Sosa, V. J. (2000). Bat and bird generated seed rains at isolated trees in pastures in a tropical rainforest. Conservation Biology, 14(6), 1693-1703.

Garcia-Estrada, C., Damon, A., Sanchez‐Hernandez, C., Soto‐Pinto, L., & Ibarra‐Nunez, G. (2012). Diets of frugivorous bats in montane rain forest and coffee plantations in Southeastern Chiapas, Mexico. Biotropica, 44(3), 394-401.

Garcia-Morales, R., Chapa-Vargas, L., Galindo-Gonzalez, J., & Badano, E. I. (2012). Seed dispersal among three different vegetation communities in the Huasteca region, Mexico, analyzed from bat feces. Acta Chiropterologica, 14(2), 357-367.

Gautier-Hion, A., et al. (1985). Fruit characters as a basis of fruit choice and seed dispersal in a tropical forest vertebrate community. Oecologia, 65, 324-337.

Halder, S., Krishna, G., & Chourasia, H. K. (2014). Two new additions to the Flora of Bihar, ShaIndia. Research and Reviews: Journal of Botanical Sciences, 3(1), 1-3.

Hamada, F. A., Hamed, A. I, Shede, M. G., & Shaheen, A. S. M. (2010). Macro, micro-morphological and bioactivity aspects of Solanum diphyllum L. Al-Azhar Bulletin of Science (ISCAZ 2010), 175-206.

Heywood, V. H., Brummit, R. K., Culham, A., & Seberg, O. (2011). Solanaceae. In: Gray, L. (ed.). Flowering plants: A pictorial guide to the world’s flora. New York: Firefly Books.

Hossain, S. J., El-Syaed, M. A., Mohamed, A. H., Sheded, M. G., & Aoshima H. (2009). Phenolic content, anti-oxidative, anti-α-amylase and anti-α-glucosidase activities of Solanum diphyllum L. Bangladesh Journal of Botany, 38(2), 139-143.

Lemke, D. E. (1991). The genus Solanum (Solanaceae) in Texas. Phytologia, 71(5), 362-378.

Knapp, S. (2002). Solanum Section Geminata (Solanaceae). Flora Neotropica, 84, 1-404.

Knapp, S. (2013). A revision of the Dulcamaroid Clade of Solanum L. (Solanaceae). PhytoKeys, 22, 1-432.

Korine, C., & Kalko, E. K. V. (2005). Fruit detection and discrimination by small fruit-eating bats (Phyllostomidae): echolocation call design and olfaction. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 59(1), 12-23.

Kumari, M. R. (2013). Solanum diphyllum (Solanaceae) – A new record for Southern India. Rheedea, 23(1), 50-51.

Mabberley, D. J. (1997). The plant-book: A portable dictionary of the vascular plants. (Ed. 2). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Markle, L. T., Overholt, W. A., & Langeland, K. A. (2014). Natural area weeds: Invasive Solanum spp. in Florida. Retrieved from http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/ag318.

Ochse, J. J., & Bakhuizen van den Brik, R. C. (1931). Vegetables of the Dutch East Indie (Edible tubers, bulbs, rhizomes and spices included). Java: Archipel Drukkerij Buitenzorg.

Ogata, Y., Kasahara, Y., Mulyadi, Rachmat, A., Jamaludin, Royadi, B., Simanullang, N., & Fauzi, A. (1995). Medicinal herb index in Indonesia. (Ed.2). Jakarta: PT. Eisai Indonesia.

Pysek, P., Richardson, D. M., Rejmanek, M., Webster, G. L., Williamson, M., & Kirschner, J. (2004). Alien plants in checklists and floras: towards better communication between taxonomists and ecologists. Taxon, 53(1), 131-143.

Radiansyah, A. D., et al. (2015). Strategi nasional dan arahan rencana aksi pengelolaan jenis asing invasif di Indonesia. Jakarta: Deputi Bidang Pengendalian Kerusakan Lingkungan dan perubahan Iklim, Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Republik Indonesia.

Rifai, M. A., & Puryadi, D. (2008). Glosarium Biologi. Jakarta: Pusat Bahasa Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

Rugayah, Retnowati, A., Windadri, F. I., & Hidayat, A. (2004). Pengumpulan Data Taksonomi. In: Rugayah, Widjaja, E.A., & Praptiwi (eds.). Pedoman Pengumpulan Data Keanekaragaman Flora. Bogor: Puslit-LIPI.

Saputro, G. E., & Sastranegara, M. H. (2014). Kajian tingkat bahaya erosi dan indeks nilai penting di hutan rakyat di Desa Candiwulan Kecamatan Kutasari Kabupaten Purbalingga. Biosfera, 31(3), 108-123.

Sheded, M. G., Hamada, F. A., Hamed, A. I., & Shaheen, A. S. M. (2010). Eco-physiological factors affecting seed germination and seedlings growth of Solanum diphyllum L., a promising medicinal plant. Al-Azhar Bulletin of Science (ISCAZ 2010), 231-250.

Singh, R. Kr., Jalal, J. S., & Jadhav, C. R. (2014). Solanum diphyllum (Solanaceae) in India. Taprobanica, 6(2), 140.

Singh, P. (2015). Solanum diphyllum L. (Solanaceae) – A new record for Uttar Pradesh, India. Indian Forester, 141(9), 1001-1002.

Symon, D. E. (1981). A revision of genus Solanum in Australia. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens, 4, 1-367.

Tjitrosoedirdjo, S. (2015). Invasive alien species. Bogor: SEAMEO BIOTROP.

Tjitrosoedirdjo, S. S., Mawardi, I., & Tjitrosoedirdjo, S. (2016). 75 Important invasive plant species in Indonesia. Bogor: SEAMEO BIOTROP.

Welman, W. G. (2008). The genus Solanum (Solanaceae) in Southern Africa: subgenus Leptostemonum, section Giganteiformia. Bothalia, 38(1), 39-47.

Wu, S, et al. (2010). Insights of the latest naturalized Flora of Taiwan: Change in the past eight years. Taiwania, 55(2), 139-159.

Zhang, Z., Lu, A., & D’Arcy, W. D. (1994). Solanaceae. In: Wu, Z.Y. & Raven, P.H. (Eds.). Flora of China. (vol. 17). Beijing: Science Press & St. Louis: Missouri Botanical Garden Press.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15408/kauniyah.v11i1.5448 Abstract - 0 PDF - 0

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



© Copyright CC-BY- SA.

Indexed By:

/public/site/images/rachma/logo_moraref_75 /public/site/images/rachma/logo_google_scholar_75_01  /public/site/images/rachma/logo_sinta_75/public/site/images/rachma/logo_isjd_120 /public/site/images/rachma/logo_garuda_75 /public/site/images/rachma/logo_crossref_120/public/site/images/rachma/logo_base_2_120 /public/site/images/rachma/neliti-blue_75   /public/site/images/rachma/dimensions-logo_120 

 

Web Analytics View My Stats

Free counters!