Uji Validitas Konstruk Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II)

Sorayah Sorayah

Abstract


Abstract

Depression causes someone to lost interest or pleasure, feeling guilty or inferiority, sleep problems or lost appetite, low energy and low concentration. The worst of depression also caused suicide. Depression often suffered along other diseases –as cancer, HIV, and cardiovascular-. Treat depression can help improved the result of healing disease. For that reason, research on depression often done. Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI II) was one of popular measurement instrument and most used for detecting depression. Hence this study attempts to examined validity construct of BDI-II. Data used was the data from 124 cancer patients in Dharmais Hospital of Cancer, south Jakarta. Analysis method was used Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) with Lisrel 8.7. Results showed that some item in BDI-II that measures more than one factor (multi-dimentional).

Abstrak

Depresi menyebabkan seseorang kehilangan minat atau kesenangan, perasaan bersalah atau rendah diri, tidur terganggu atau hilangnya nafsu makan, energi rendah serta menurunnya konsentrasi. Dan yang paling buruk, depresi juga dapat menyebabkan bunuh diri. Depresi sering diderita bersamaan dengan penyakit lainnya—seperti kanker, HIV dan kardiovaskular—. Mengobati depresi dapat membantu meningkatkan hasil penyembuhan penyakit. Untuk itu penelitian terhadap depresi sering dilakukan. Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) merupakan salah satu alat ukur yang populer dan paling banyak digunakan dalam mendeteksi depresi. Oleh karena itu penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji validitas konstruk dari BDI-II. Data yang digunakan adalah data yang diperoleh dari 124 pasien kanker di Rumah Sakit Kanker Dharmais, Jakarta Selatan.Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah Analisis Faktor Konfirmatorik (CFA) dengan bantuan software Lisrel 8.7. Hasil pengujian membuktikan bahwa terdapat beberapa item dalam BDI-II yang mengukur lebih dari satu faktor (multi-dimensional).

Keywords


Validitas Konstruk, Depresi, Beck Depression Inventory-II, Analisis Faktor Konfirmatorik

References


DAFTAR PUSTAKA

American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorder (4th ed.), Text Revision: DSM-IV-TR. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc.

Beck, A. T. (1967). Depression: Clinical, experimental and theoritical aspects. USA: Harper and Row Published Incorporated.

Beck, A.T., Steer, R.A., & Brown, G.K. (1996). Manual for the Beck depression Inventory-II. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.

Emery, R. E. & Oltmanns, T. F. (2000). Essentials of abnormal psychology. New York: Prentice Hall.

Grothe, K.B., Dutton, G.R., Jones, G.N., Bodenlos J., Ancona, M. & Brantley, P.J. (2005). BRIEF REPORT: Validation of the Beck Depression Inventory-II in a low-income African American sample of medical outpatients. Psychological Assessment, 17(1), No. 1, 110–114. doi:10.1037/1040-3590.17.1.110

Joreskog, K.G. & Sőrbom, D. 2004.LISREL 8.70 for Windows (computer software). Lincoln-Wood, IL: Scientific Software International, Inc.

Kojima, M., Furukawa, T.A., Takahashi, H., Kaawai, M., Nagaya, T. & Tokudome, S. (2002). Cross-cultural valida-tion of the Beck Depression Inventory-II in Japan.Psychiatry Research, 110(3), 291-299.

Massie, M. J. (2004). Prevalence of depression in patients with cancer.Journal of the National Cancer Institute Monographs, 32, 57-71.

National Institue Of Mental Health (NIMH). (2010). Depression. U.S. Department Of Health &Human Services. National Institutes of Health. NIH publication No. 08 3561 revised 2008. Diunduh dari http://www.nimh.nih.gov/site-info/index-rss.atom

Naus, M.J., Phillip, M. L., Lowrey, S.A., Ichler, M. D. & Parrot, C.E. (2007). Breast cancer survivors and well-women: A comparison of depression, anxiety, and health locus of control. Health Psychology Research Group (HPRG). University Of Houston.

Segal, D.L., Coolidge, F.L., Cahill, B.S.& O’Riley, A.A. (2008). Psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory–II (BDI-II) Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults.Behavior Modification, 32(1), 3-20.University of Colorado at Colorado Springs.

Sorayah.(2012). Tipe Kepribadian, Health Locus of Control, Religious Coping dan Depresi Pada Penderita Kanker. (Skripsi Sarjana). Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah, Jakarta.

Souza, C. B., Cendon, S., Cavalhero, L., Jardim, J.R.& Bogosian, M. (2003). Anxiety, depression and traits of personality in COPD patiens.Psicologia, Saude & Doencas, 4(1), 149-162.

Thompson, Bruce. (2004). Explanatory and confirmatory factor analysis. Washington D.C: American Psychology Association.


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.15408/jp3i.v4i1.9259

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.