Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Perilaku Menyontek Pada Pelajar Dan Mahasiswa Di Jakarta

Septian Dwi Cahyo, Solicha Solicha

Abstract


Academic cheating occurs in the educational institution around the world. In Indonesia, cheating occurs in every education level, started from elementary school, middle school,until high education institution. This research tried to find the effect of attitude; organizational, nonorganizational, and intrinsic religiosity; extracurricular activity; education level and gender; on academi ccheating at middle school and university students In Jakarta. The sample of this research was 310 junio rhigh school, 328 senior high school ,and 415 university students with total number of sample was 1053. The result of this research using multiple regression analysis showed that all independent variables significant on academic cheating with total variance given to the model was 41,30%, and another 53,30% was influenced by other factor outside this research. Analysis using each variable found that attitude and education level significant on academic cheating; whereas three dimensions of religiosity (organizational, nonorganizational, and intrinsic), extracurricular activity, and gender was not significant on academiccheating.

 

Perilaku menyontek marak terjadi dalam dunia pendidikan di seluruh dunia. Di Indonesia, perilaku menyontek terjadi pada seluruh tingkat pendidikan,baik sekolah dasar, menengah, hingga perguruan tinggi. Penelitian ini mencoba untuk mengetahui pengaruh sikap, religiusitas dimensi organizational, nonorganizational, dan intrinsic, kegiatan ekstrakurikuler, tingkat pendidikan dan jenis kelamin terhadap perilaku menyonyek padapelajar dan mahasiswa di Jakarta. Responden dalam penelitian ini berjumlah1.053 orang yang terdiri dari 310 pelajar tingkat SMP, 328 pelajar tingkat SMA, dan 415 mahasiswa perguruan tinggi. Hasil penelitian menggunakan analisis regresi berganda menunjukkan bahwa seluruh variabel yang digunakan berpengaruh signifikan terhadap perilaku menyontek dengan proporsi varians sebesar 41,30%, sedangkan sisanya dipengaruhi olehvariabel lain di luar penelitian. Sementara, hasil analisis masing-masing variabel secara terpisah menunjukkan bahwa variabel sikap dan tingkat pendidikan berpengaruh signifikan terhadap perilaku menyontek; sedangkan, tiga dimensi religiusitas (organizational, nonorganizational danintrinsic), kegiatan ekstrakurikuler, serta jenis kelamin tidak signifikanterhadap perilaku menyontek.

 

DOI: 10.15408/jp3i.v6i1.8156


Keywords


Perilaku Menyontek

References


Afrianti, G. (2013). Pengaruh self-efficacy dan religiusitas terhadap perilaku menyontek (cheating) siswa SMA Cendrawasih 1 Jakarta. Jakarta: Fakultas Psikologi UIN Jakarta.

Ajzen, I. (2005). Attitudes, personality, and behavior. England: Open University Press Anderman midgley

Anderman, E. M., & Midgley, C. (2004). Changes in self-reported academic cheating across the transition from middle school to high school. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 29, 499–517. doi: 10.1016/j.cedpsych.2004.02.002.

Anderman, E. M., & Murdock, T. B. (2007). The psychology of academic cheating. In E. M. Anderman, & T.B. Murdock, Psychology of Academic Cheating (pp. 1-5). Academic Press.

Bolin, A. U. (2004). Self-control, perceived opportunity, and attitudes as predictors of academic dishonesty.The Journal of Psychology, 138(2), 101–114. doi: 10.3200/JRLP.138.2.101-114.

Davis, F. S., Drinan, P. F., & Gallant, T. B. (2009). Cheating in school: What we know and what we can do. United Kingdom: Wiley-Blackwell.

Davis, F. S., Grover, C. A., Becker, A. H., & McGregor, L. N. (1992). Academic dishonesty: prevalence, determinants, techniques, and punishments. Teaching of Psychology, 19(16), 16-20.

FetzerInstitute(1999).Multidimensionalmeasurementofreligiousness/spiritualityforuseinhealthresearch: A report of the Fetzer Institute/National Institute on Aging WorkingGroup.

Giluk, T. L., & Postlethwaite, B.E. (2015). Big five personality and academic dishonesty: A meta-analytic review. Personality and Individual Differences, 72, 59-67. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2014.08.027.

Hoge, D. R. (1972). A validated intrinsic religious motivation scale. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 11(4), 369-376.

Huelsman, M. A., Piroch, J., & Wasieleski, D. (2006). Relation of religiosity with academic dishonesty in a sample of college students. Psychological Reports, 99, 739-742. doi: 10.2466/PR0.99.3.739-742.

Josephson Institute of Ethics. (2012). 2012 Report Card on the Ethics of American Yout. Los Angeles: Josephson Institute of Ethicshttps://charactercounts.org/wpcontent/uploads/2014/02/ReportCard-2012-DataTables.pdf. Diakses pada tanggal 14 Desember 2016.

Liputan6 Online, (2012). Sejumlah siswa tertangkap mencontek. http://liputan6.com/news/read/389459/sejumlah-siswa-tertangkap-mencontek. Diakses pada tanggal 14 Desember 2016.

Little Circle Fondation (2015). Data talk: lebih dari 92% mahasiswa Udayana pernah menyontek. http://littlecirclefondation.org/2015/12/data-talk-lebih-dari-92-mahasiswa-udayana-pernah-menyontek.html. Diakses pada tanggal 16 Februari 2017.

Ma, Y., McCabe, D. L., Liu, R. (2013). Students’ academic cheating in Chinese University: Prevalence, influencing factors, and proposed action. J Acad Ethics, 11, 169-184. doi: 10.1007/s10805-103-9186- 7.

McCabe, D. L., & Trevino, L.K. (1997). Individual and contextual factors on academicdishonesty: A multicampus investigation. Research in Higher Education, 38(3), 379–396. doi: 10.1023/A:1024954224675.

Miller, A. D., Murdock, T. B., Anderman, E. M., & Poindexter, A. L. (2007). Who are all these cheaters? Characteristics of academically dishonest students. In E.M.Anderman, & T.B. Murdock, Psychology of Academic Cheating (pp. 9-32). Academic Press.

Rettinger, D. A., & Jordan, A. E. (2005). The relations among religion, motivation, and college cheating: A natural experiment. Ethics and Behavior, 15(2), 107-129.

Setiawan, T. S. (2014). Siswa SD memilih menyontek jawaban ujian nasional. https://tempo.co/read/news/2014/05/20/079578898/siswa-sd-memilih-menyontek-jawaban-ujian-nasional. Diakses pada tanggal 14 Desember 2016.

Sherril, D., Salisbury, J. L., Horowitz, B., & Friedman, S. T. (1971).Classroom cheating consistent attitude, perception, and behavior. American Educational Research Journal, 8(3), 503-510.

Storch,E.A.,&Storch,J.B.(2001).Organizational,nonorganizational,andintrinsicreligiosityandacademic dishonesty. Psychological Reports, 88,548-552.

Suara Pembaruan Beritasatu Online (2013). Survei UPI: Kecurangan UN libatkan guru dan kepala sekolah. http://sp.beritasatu.com/survei-upi-kecurangan-un-libatkan-guru-dan-kepala-sekolah/42791. Diakses pada tanggal 14 Desember 2016.

Hitley,B.E.(1998).Factorsassociatedwithcheatingamongcollegestudents:Areview.ResearchinHigher Education, 39(3),235-274


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.15408/jp3i.v6i1.8156

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.