VOC dan Dampaknya Terhadap Indonesia

Tarmizy Idris

Abstract


Before the European invaded Indonesia, the capitalistic trade system in Indonesia had grown up. But such kind of system strongly related to political issues which caused the birth of bureaucratic capitalism. The situation didn't enable the free capitalistic trade system to grow up rapidly. The arrival of VOC had made seious change in Indonesia capitalistic system that time. The predominance of VOC's bureaucracy and military had blessed it the power to uphold monopoly system in Indonesia trade and destroy its capitalistic system. Basically, the downfall of Indonesian capitalistic system was caused by its weak cultural system which didn't have a strong foundation for capitalism. The Indonesian cultural values didn't protect the property right of people. Moreover, the absolute power of Kings didn't give conducive opportunities to the people to accumulate their capital and develop thier business.

 

-----------

 

Abstrak

Sebelum kedatangan bangsa-bangsa Eropa ke Nusantara. Di Indonesia telah berkembang perdagangan dengan kapitalisme yang kuat. Tetapi perdagangan itu selalu terkait erat dengan permasalahan politik, sehingga memunculkan kapitalisme birokrat. Situasi ini tidak memungkinkan berkembangnya kapitalisme yang memiliki etos perdagangan bebas. Kedatangan VOC telah membawa dampak sangat serius terhadap kapitalisme Indonesia. Keunggulan VOC dalam bidang birokrasi dan militer memberikan kekuatan kepadanya untuk menegakkan sistem monopoli dalam perdagangan di Indonesia, yang menghancurkan kapitalisme Indonesia. Kehancuran kapitalisme Indonesia pada dasarnya lebih disebabkan sebagai akibat kerapuhan sistem budaya Indonesia yang tidak memberikan pijakan kuat terhadap perkembangan kapitalisme. Nilai-nilai budaya Indonesia tidak memiliki perlindungan yang kuat terhadap hak milik pribadi rakyat. Disamping itu, kekuasaan absolut para raja dengan tindakannya yang sewenang-wenang tidak memberikan peluang kondusif untuk perkembangan perdagangan dan akumulasi modal pada rakyat.


Keywords


Trade; VOC; Capitalism

Full Text:

PDF

References


- Broundel, Ferdinand, Civilization and Capitalism 15th-16th Century, the Wheels of Commerce, vol. 2, Collins/Fontana Press, London, 1982.

- Chaudhuri, K.N., Trade and Civilization in the Indian Ocean an Economic History from the Rise of Islam to 1750, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1985.

- Cortesao, Armando (ed. and trans.) the Suma Oriental of Tome Pires and the Book of Francisco Rodrigues, 2 jilid, The Hakluyt Society, London, 1944.

- Hall, D.G.E., Sejarah Asia Tenggara, Usaha Nasional, Suarabaya, 1988.

- Kartodirdjo, Sartono, Pengantar Sejarah Indonesia Baru: 1500-1900, jilid 1, PT. Gramedia, Jakarta, 1988.

- Meilink-Roelofes, M.A.P., Asian Trade and European Influence in the Indonesian Archipelago between 1500 about 1630, the Hauge Martinus Nijhoff, 1982.

- Onghokham, "Bentuk Negara di Indonesia dan Aspek Internasionalisasi" dalam Prisma No. 8, LP3ES, Jakarta, 1984.

- Reid, Anthony, Southeast Asia in the Age of Commerce 1450-1680, vol. 2, Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 1988.

- Ricklefs, M.C., Sejarah Indonesia Modern, Gajah Mada Unversity Press, 1992.

- van Leur, G.C., Indonesian Trade and Society, The Hauge van Houven, Bandung, 1955.

- Vlekke, Bernard H.M., Nusantara a History of Indonesia, The Hauge, Leiden, 1965.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15408/bat.v18i2.4292 Abstract - 0 PDF - 0

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2012 Tarmizy Idris

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

 

Buletin Al-Turas
Fakultas Adab and Humaniora, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta
P-ISSN: 0853-1692 E-ISSN: 2579-5848

Jl. Tarumanegara, Pisangan, Ciputat Timur, Tangerang Selatan Banten, Indonesia 15419
Phone: +6221 7443 329 Fax: +6221 7493 364
Email: alturats@uinjkt.ac.id