Outgroup Contact in the Process of Leaving Terrorism Qualitative Study of Deradicalization and Disengagement Among Former Jamaah Islamiyah Members in Indonesia

Gazi Saloom

Abstract


Leaving terrorism is a real thing that happened among Indonesian terrorists. Nevertheless, some experts and laypersons often do not believe that terrorists will leave their groups and their ideology. This study scrutinized leaving terrorism among Indonesia terrorists and push factors that lead to their transformation to be moderate and refuse violence in the pursuit of their goals. This study is based on interviews with five members Jamaah Islamiyah and twenty-five people that are related to them from friends and families. This study confirms that out-groups contact, including the targeted out-groups contact, becomes an important push factor for the subject to leave terrorism.

 

Meninggalkan jalan terror adalah peristwa nyata yang terjadi di kalangan teroris Indonesia. Banyak ahli dan kaum awam yang tidak percaya bahwa terrorist bisa meninggalkan ideologi dan kelompok teroris. Studi ini mengkaji tentang meninggalkan jalan terror di kalangan mantan pelaku teror dari Jamaah Islamiyah termasuk menjelaskan faktor apa yang mendorong perubahan mereka menjadi kaum moderat dan bahkan menolak teror dan kekerasan dijadikan sebagai cara untuk meraih tujuan politik dan keagamaan. Studi ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan wawancara mendalam dan telaah literature sebagai instrument utama pengumpul data dan informasi. Lima mantan anggota Jamaah Islamiyah dan dua puluh lima orang yang dianggap memiliki kaitan yang relevan dengan kelima orang tersebut dijadikan narasumber dalam penelitian ini. Studi ini mengkonfirmasi bahwa kontak dengan individu di luar jaringan merupakan faktor pendorong krusial yang mendorong individu keluar dari jaringan dan ideologi teror.

 


Keywords


Out-groups contact, terrorism, push factor.

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DOI: 10.15408/ajis.v19i1.10272

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