Synthesis and Characterization of Calcium Oxide Nanoparticles from Duck Eggshells using Ball Milling Methods
Calcium oxide (CaO) nanoparticles have been successfully synthesized from duck eggshells using ball milling method followed by simple calcination at 700°C for 7 hours. The observation on the morphology, size and shape of the particles of the eggshells powder was conducted through scanning electron microscope (SEM). The milling time was varied, i.e. 2, 6, 10, and 20 hours to observe the difference on the size of the produced particle. SEM images shows that the smallest average particle diameter was 520 nm, achieved by 20 hours of milling. When the particles were calcined, the average diameter was further reduced to 394 nm. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis shows that the resulting particles contain calcium oxide, calcium hydroxide, and calcium carbonate.
Ansari MM, Kumar MD, Charles JM, Vani G. 2016. Replacement of cement using eggshell powder. SSRG International Journal of Civil Engineering (SSRG-IJCE). 3(3): 2–3.
Ashok C, Chakra CS, Dayakar T, Kumar MK, Rao KV. 2015. Calcium oxide nano particles synthesized from chicken egg shells by physical method calcium oxide nano particles synthesized from chicken egg shells by physical method. In International Conference on Emerging Technologies in Mechanical Sciences (pp. 72–75). Malla Reddy College of Engineering and Technology II.
Chraibi S, Moussout H, Boukhlifi F, Ahlafi H, Alami M. 2016. Utilization of calcined eggshell waste as an adsorbent for the removal of phenol from aqueous solution. Journal of Encapsulation and Adsorption Sciences. 6: 132–146. https://doi.org/10.4236/jeas.2016.64010
Cotton FA, Wilkinson G, Gaus PL. 1995. Basic inorganic chemistry (3rd ed.). New Jersey: John Wiley & Son.
Dewi SU, Dahlan K, Soejoko DS. 2014. The use of hen’s and duck’s eggshell as calsium source to suynthesis bone mine. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia. 10(95): 81–85.https://doi.org/10.15294/jpfi.v10i1.3054
Diana FN. 2010. Simulasi dengan metode monte carlo untuk proses pembuatan nanomaterial menggunakan ball mill. Universitas Indonesia.
Fatmawati S, Subiantoro, Ridwanto W. 2012. Pemanfaatan kulit telur ayam sebagai pengganti obat luka gores. Banten.
Hincke MT, Nys Y, Gautron J, Mann K, Rodriguez-Navaro AB, McKee MD. 2012. The eggshell: structure, composition and mineralization. Frontiers in Bioscience. 17(1): 1266–1280.
Kamba AS, Ismail M, Azmi T, Ibrahim T, Abu Z, Zakaria B. 2013. Synthesis and characterisation of calcium carbonate aragonite nanocrystals from cockle shell powder (Anadara granosa). Journal of Nanomaterials Potential. 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/398357.
Khandelwal H, Prakash S. 2016. Synthesis and characterization of hydroxyapatite powder by eggshell. Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering. 4: 119–126. https://doi.org/10.4236/jmmce.2016.42011.
Nys Y, Gautron J, Garcia-ruiz JM, Hincke MT. 2004. Avian eggshell mineralization: biochemical and functional characterization of matrix proteins. Comptes Rendus Palevol. 3(6-7): 549–562. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crpv.2004.08.002.
Rivera EM, Araiza M, Brostow W, Castano VM, Hernandez R, Rodrıguez JR. 1999. Synthesis of hydroxyapatite from eggshells. Materials Letters. 41: 128–134.
Shakhashiri. (2000). LIME : CALCIUM OXIDE — CaO (pp. 1–2).
Shi Z, Jiang Y, Zhou L, Gao J. 2017. Eggshell-derived catalyst for biodiesel production in the presence of acetone as co-solvent. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects. 39(3): 320–325.
Tangboriboon N, Kunanuruksapong R, Sirivat A. 2012. Preparation and properties of calcium oxide from eggshells via calcination. Materials Science Poland. 30(4): 313-322.
Yew MC, Sulong NHR, Yew MK, Amalina MA, Johan MR. 2014. Fire propagation performance of intumescent fire protective coatings using eggshells as a novel biofiller. Scientific World Journal. 2014: 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/805094.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2019 Ade Yeti Nuryantini
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.