The Psychological Dynamics of Youth with Internet Addiction

Virgin Suciyanti Maghfiroh, Faqihul Muqoddam



Internet users are increasing over time. The increasing of internet users, especially for youth people, tends to create internet addiction in each user. Internet addiction in youth people is interesting to know their attitudes and behavior psychologically, because it is related to their daily conditions. This research was conducted to answer the psychological dynamics of youth people with internet addiction. To answer that, there are some research questions such as what factors make young people addicted to the internet? what do they feel when not using the internet? and what are the impacts of using the internet for them? The research method uses qualitative methods with narrative descriptive approaches. Data analysis using thematic data analysis. The results showed that 1) the need for affiliation, high curiosity about information, and online business became the reason youth people access the internet, 2) youth people feel anxious and loneliness when not accessing the internet, 3) the impact of accessing the internet such as sad and happy on their emotions that occur according to situations and conditions. In addition, researchers also found interesting things from their attitude who experienced boredom when often using the internet but failed for them to stop or reduce access to the internet. The conclusion that the internet now is a necessary for youth people, because the internet has a major impact on their psychological factors.



Pengguna internet semakin bertambah dari waktu ke waktu. Jumlah penggunanaan internet yang semakin meningkat khususnya pada anak muda cenderung dapat menciptakan kecanduan internet pada diri masing-masing pengguna. Kecanduan internet pada anak muda menarik untuk diketahui sikap dan perilakunya secara psikologis, karena hal itu berkaitan dengan kondisi keseharian mereka. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menjawab dinamika psikologis anak muda yang kecanduan internet. Untuk menjawab hal itu, terdapat beberapa pertanyaan penelitian seperti faktor apa yang membuat anak muda kecanduan internet? apa yang mereka rasakan ketika tidak menggunakan internet? serta apa dampak dari penggunaan internet bagi mereka? Metode penelitian menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan naratif deskripif. Analisis data menggunakan analisis data tematik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 1) kebutuhan untuk afliasi, keingintahuan yang tinggi terhadap informasi, dan bisnis online menjadi alasan anak muda mengakses internet, 2) anak muda merasa cemas dan kesepian ketika tidak mengakses internet, 3) dampak dari mengakses internet berupa perasaan sedih dan senang pada emosi mereka yang terjadi sesuai situasi dan kondisi. Selain itu, peneliti juga menemukan hal yang menarik dari sikap mereka yang mengalami kebosanan ketika sering bermain internet namun gagal bagi mereka untuk berhenti maupun mengurangi dalam mengakses internet. Kesimpulan bahwa internet saat ini sudah menjadi kebutuhan anak muda, karena internet berdampak besar pada faktor psikologis mereka.


internet addiction; internet need; psychological dynamics; youth


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