Pengaruh Quality Of Friendship dan Subjective Well Being terhadap Hardiness Santri Pondok Pesantren Modern Al Amanah Al Gontory
This study aims to prove the influence of the quality of friendship (stimulating friendship, assistance, intimacy, reliable alliances, self-validation, and emotional security) and subjective well-being (cognitive and affective aspects) on student violence at Al Amanah Al Gontory Islamic Boarding School. In addition, this study is expected to see to what extent the influence of each independent variable (quality of friendship and subjective well-being) is on the dependent variable (violence) of students from Al Amanah Al Gontory Islamic Boarding School. A sample of 240 students was taken using nonprobability sampling technique with a purposive sampling method. The instrument of data collection uses a scale compiled by the author based on the theory developed by experts, namely hardiness theory by Kobasa (1982), the quality theory of friendship by Mendelson and Aboud (2012), and subjective welfare theory by Diener, Lucas and Oishi (2002). The results showed that there was a significant effect on the quality of friendship and subjective welfare on santri violence. The results of the small hypothesis test show that assistance, cognitive aspects, and affective aspects significantly influence the hardiness of santri. Then, friendship stimulation, intimacy, reliable alliances, self-validation, and emotional security do not have a significant effect on student violence. Based on the results of this study, it is suggested to analyze the influence of external variables.
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