Pengaruh trait Kepribadian (Personality) Dan Dukungan Sosial Terhadap Risk Taking Behavior Pada Pendaki Gunung

Muchammad Akbar Fajar, Ikhwan Lutfi



This study aims to determine the effect of variable trait of personality and social support for risk- taking behavior on the mountaineers in Jabodetabek. Sample of 204 mountaineers in Jabodetabek taken by accidental sampling technique. The instrument used in this study there are three scales, the scale of personality traits, social support scale and the scale of risk-taking behavior. Test the validity of measurement tools using techniques confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). While the analysis of data using multiple regression techniques. The results of this study indicate that there is a significant influence on the personality trait variable, and the scale of social support on risk-taking behavior on the mountaineers in Jabodetabek. The magnitude of the effect of all independent variables on the risk-taking behavior is by 28.1%, while the rest influenced by other variables outside of this study. While the results of the analysis of the proportion of the variance of each variable separately, was found the greatest contribution to the risk-taking behavior is honesty-humility, extraversion, conscientioussnness, the personality trait of variables, and the reassurance of worth, opportunity for nurturance of social support variables. This study will get better results when using a wider population, in order to get richer data and can compare with the factors that can be observedspeckle.



Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh variabel trait kepribadian & dukungan sosial terhadap risk taking behavior pada pendaki gunung di Jabodetabek. Sampel berjumlah 204 pendaki gunung di Jabodetabek yang diambil dengan teknik accidental sampling. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini terdapat tiga skala, yaitu skala trait kepribadian, skala dukungan sosial dan skala risk taking behavior. Uji validitas alat ukur menggunakan teknik confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Sedangkan analisis data menggunakan teknik multiple regression. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa ada pengaruh yang signifikan dari variabel trait kepribadian, dan skala dukungan sosial terhadap risk taking behavior pada pendaki gunung di Jabodetabek. Besarnya pengaruh seluruh variabel independen terhadap risk taking behavior adalah sebesar 28,1% sedangkan sisanya dipengaruhi oleh variabel lain diluar penelitian ini. Sementara hasil analisis proporsi varians masing-masing variabel secara terpisah, ditemukan sumbangan yang paling besar terhadap risk taking behavior adalah honesty-humility, extraversion, conscientioussnness, dari variabel trait kepribadian, dan reassurance of worth, opportunity for nurturance dari variabel dukungan sosial. Penelitian ini akan mendapatkan hasil yang lebih baik apabila menggunakan populasi yang lebih luas, agar mendapatkan data yang lebih beragam dan dapat membandingkan dengan faktor yang belum bisa diteliti.

DOI : 10.15408/jp3i.v6i2.9162


Risk Taking Behavior, Trait Kepribadian, Dukungan Sosial.



Alexander et al. (1990). A measure of risk taking for young adolescents: reliability and validity assessments. Journal of psychology, 20, 11-14.

Allport, G.W. (1937), Personality: a psychological interpretation, rinehart and winston, Holt, New York,NY.American Sports Data. (2002, August 1).„Generation Y drivesincreasingly popular „extremesports. Retrieved November 11, 2002 from

Anderson. S., Levit. H. (2015). Gender self- confidence and social influence: impact on working alliance. American counseling association, 41(3), 30-33.

Anic, G. (2007). The association between personality and risk taking. Graduate theses and dissertations.

Asthon, M. C. & Lee, K. (2009). The HEXACO-60: a short measure of the major dimensions of personality. Journal of personality assessment, 91(4), 340-345.

Baker, T., & Simon, J. (2002). Taking risks: extreme sports and the embrace of risk in advanced liberal societies. In T. Baker & J. Simon (Eds.), Embracing risk: The changing culture of insurance and responsibility (pp. 177–208). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Bebee, L.M. (1983). Risk-taking and language learner. Classroom oriented research in second language acquisition, 36-66.

Blais A. R., Weber E. U. (2009). The domain-specific risk taking (DOSPERT) scale for adult populations. Item selection and preliminary psychometric properties,56-59.

Breivik, G. (1996). Personality, sensation seeking and risk taking among Everest climbers. International journal of sport psychology, 27, 308–320.

Burt˘verde et al. (2017). The HEXACO model of personality and risky driving behavior. Psychological reports 0(0) 1–16 ! The Author(s) 2017 Reprints and permissions: nav.

Byrnes, J. P., Miller, D. C., & Schafer, W.D. (1999). Gender differences in risk taking: A meta-analysis. Psychological bulletin, 125, 367– 383.

Cheung, Y. H., Wu, J., & Tao, J (2016) Predicting domain-specific risk- taking attitudes of mainland China university students: a hyper core self-evaluation approach, Journal of risk research.

Cohen, S., & Hoberman, H. (1983). Positive events and social supports as buffers of life change stress. Journal of applied social psychology, 13, 99-125.

Cutrona, C. E. & Russell, D. W. (1987). The provisions of social relationships and adaptation to stress. Advancesin personal relationships, Vol. 1, pp. 37-67

Cutrona, C. E. (1990). Stress and social support: In search of optimalmatching. Journal of social and clinical psychology, 9, 3-14.

DiClemente, R. J., Hansen, W. B., & Ponton, L. E. (1995). Handbook of adolescent health risk behavior. New York: Plenum

Dunkel-Schetter, C., Folkman, S., & Lazarus, R. S. (1987) Correlates of social support receipt. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 71-80

Essau, C.A. (2004). Risk-taking behavior among German adolescents. Journal of youth studies, 7(4), 499-512.

Fayombo, G. (2010). The relationship between personality traits and psychological resilience among the Caribbean adolescents. International journal of psychological studies, 2(2), 105-115.

Ford, et al (2016). HIV testing and cross border migrant vulnerability: social integration and legal/economic status among cross border migrant workers in Thailand. Springer science business media.

Furlong & Cartmel, (2007). Young people and social change. International journal of psychological studies, 8(4), 120-125.

Gullone, E. & Moore, S. (2000). Adolescent risk-taking and the five-factor model of personality. Journal of adolescence, 23, 393-407.

Guo, J., Chung, I.-J., Hill, K. G., Hawkins, D., Catalano, R. F. & Abbott, R. D. (2002). Developmental relationships between adolescent substance use and risky sexual behavior in young adulthood, Journal of adolescent health, 31,354-362.

Harvey, I.S. & Alexander, K (2012). Perceived social support and preventive health behavioral outcomes among older women. Cross cult gerontol, 27,275–290.

Judge, T.A. (2012). Do nice guys—and gals—really finish last? the joint effects of sex and agreeableness on income. Journal of personality and social psychology, 102(2), 390-407.

Lavery, B., and Siegel, A. W. (1993). Adolescent risk-taking: an analysis of problem behaviors in problem children. Child psychology, 35,277–294.

Laurendeau, J. (2008). Gendered risk regimes: a theoretical consideration of edgework and gender. Sociology of sport journal, 25,293-309.

Larsen, R. J. & Buss, D. M. (2008). Personality psychology: domains of knowledge about human nature 3rd edition. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies Inc.

Lauriola, M., & Levin, I.P. (2001). Personality traits and risky decision-making in a controlled experimental task: An exploratory study. Personality and individual differences, 31(2), 215-226.

Levitt, M. Z., Selman, R. L., and Richmond,J. B. (1991). The psychosocial foundations of early adolescents' high-risk behavior. International journal of psychological studies, 2(8), 78-85.

Millet & Malebrance, (2003). HIV/AIDS prevention research among black men who have sex with men: current progress and future directionsearch and practice. J. res. adolesc, 1: 349– 378.

Mischel, W., Shoda, Y., Smith, R.E. (2003). Intoduction to personality. Seventh edition. Washington: Wiley International.

Myers, H. F., Javanbakht, M., Martinez, M, Obediah, S. (2003). Psychosocial predictors of risky sexual behaviors in African American men: implications for prevention. AIDS education and prevention, 66-79.

Moore, S. & Rosenthal, D. (1993). Venturesomeness, impulsiveness, and risky behaviour among older adolescents. Perceptual and motor skills, 76,98.

Moore, S. & Gullone, E. (1996). Predicting adolescent risk behavior using a personalized costbenert analysis. Journal of youth and adolescence, 15,343-359.

Olivier, S. (2006). Moral dilemmas of participation in dangerous leisure activities. Leisure studies, 25(1), 95–109.

Pain, M. T. G., & Pain, M. A. (2005). Essay: risk taking in sport. Research library, 366, 33.

Paunonen &Jakson (2000). What is beyond the big five? Plenty!: Journal of personality, 68, 5.

Robinson, V. (2004). Taking risks: identity, masculinities and rock climbing. InB. Wheaton (Ed.). Understanding lifestyle sports: consumption, identity and difference, 113–130.

Schwatrz & Fouts. (2003). Music preferences, personality style, and developmental issues of adolescents. Journal of youth and adolescence, 32(3), 205–213.

Slanger, E., & Rudestam, K. E. (1997). Motivation and disinhibition in high risk sports: sensation seeking and self-efficacy. Journal of research in personality, 31, 355–374.

Sarafino, E. P., Smith, T. W. (2011). Health psychology. Seventh edition. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Sarason, I.G., Levine, H. M., Basham, R. B. (1983). Assessing social support: the social support questionnaire. Journal of personality and social psychology, 44, 127-139.

Taylor, S. E. (2009). Health psychology. Seventh edition. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Umar, J. (2012). Confirmatory factor analysis. Bahan ajar perkuliahan. Jakarta: UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta.

Young, M. (2013). Attachment style and risk taking: a theoretical approach to understanding young men who have sex with men. Journal of human behavior in the social environment, 23, 869–878.

Vaux, A (1987). Variations in social support associated with gender, ethnicity, and age. Journal of social issues, 41(1), 89-110.

Wang, L & Zhou, D (2016). How social support style affects finanial risktaking behaior: a cross-cultural study. Social behavior and personality, 44(8),1305–1314.

Weber, E., A. Blais, and N. Betz. (2002). A domain‐specific risk‐attitude scale: measuring risk perceptions and risk behaviors. Journal of behavioral decision making, 15, 263‐2.

Wenzel, S. L. (1993). The relationship of psychological resources and social support to job procurement self- efficacy in the disadvantaged. Journal of applied psychology, 23(18), 1471-1497.

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.15408/jp3i.v6i2.9162


  • There are currently no refbacks.