Alms Giving Behavior of Muslim Communities in Indonesia and Malaysia: A Comparative Study

Hifizah Nur Azhari, Muhamad Suhaimi Taat, Saiful Anwar, Ulumuddin Nurul Fakhri

Abstract

The study aims to (1) find factors influence funding activities through formal and informal zakah institutions for Indonesian and Malaysian Muslims; (2) find the most significant factors that influence funding activities through formal and informal zakah institutions for Indonesian and Malaysian Muslims; (3) compare the generosity of Indonesian and Malaysian Muslim communities. 564 purposive sampling of Muslim communities in Malaysia and Indonesia participated in this study. Artificial Neural Network (ANN) analysis used as a data analysis tool. Two measurement tools used to examines variables, namely; Questionnaire on planned behavior and Questionnaire of trustworthiness. The result is that the most significant factor influencing charity behavior of Malaysian Muslim society is injunctive norms (42.12%). This is followed by descriptive norms (20.50%) and moral norms (14.49%). Whereas among the Indonesian Muslim community, the most significant factor driving people to give alms is the Injunctive Norm (51.55%). This is followed by past behavior (18.06%) and attitude (13.59%).



Keywords


Alms Giving, Zakah Obligations, Intention Behavior

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DOI: 10.15408/aiq.v12i1.14693

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