Do Doctors Need Communication in their Job Places? (A Case in Indonesia)

Dwi Poedjiastutie, Ratih Puspitasari

Abstract


ABSTRACT

The current study revealed the communication needs of medical students at Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang (UMM). Three approaches of Need Analysis (NA) were combined in this study; Target Situation Analysis (TSA), Presentation Situation Analysis (PSA), and Pedagogical Need Analysis (PNA). The questionnaires were circulated to medical students. The findings discovered that communication skill was considered important in EMP course. The medical students realized the importance of doctors’ communication in order to enhance better performance in their professional settings. ESP teachers are supposed to give a model of communication; Students also expected that the materials should be authentic. The materials design should have clear and coherent objectives to help the students achieving the communication goals. Moreover, students want ESP teaching put them as close as possible to the workplace situation. 

 

ABSTRAK

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi kebutuhan materi pembelajaran Bahasa Inggris  komunikasi pada mahasiswa kedokteran di Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang.  Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah gabungan antara Target Situation Analysis (TSA), Presentation Situation Analysis (PSA), dan Pedagogical Need Analysis (PNA). Dari data yang diperoleh dalam penelitian ini ditemukan bahwa mahasiwa kedokteran merasa mata kuliah EMP (English for Medical Purposes) itu penting untuk menunjang karir dan profesi mereka. Maka dari itu para pengajar mata kuliah ESP (English for Specific Purposes) diharapkan bisa memberikan model-model materi pengajaran Bahasa Inggris untuk komunikasi yang otentik; yaitu materi yang tepat untuk mengasah ketrampilan mereka dalam komunikasi. Bahkan, para mahasiswa kedokteran menginginkan adanya model-model pengajaran ESP yang bisa membawa mereka ke situasi  semirip mungkin dengan dunia kerja mereka di kemudian hari.     

How to Cite: Poedjiastutie, D., Puspitasari, R. (2018). Do Doctors Need Communication in Their Job Places? (A Case in Indonesia). IJEE (Indonesian Journal of English Education), 5(2), 127-142. doi:10.15408/ijee.v5i2.10134


Keywords


analisa kebutuhan; needs analysis; english for medical purposes; communication needs; authentic classroom activities; Bahasa Inggris untuk kedokteran; kebutuhan materi pengajaran komunikasi yang autentik

Full Text:

PDF

References


Albakrawi, H. T. M. (2013). Needs analysis of the English language secondary hotel students in Jordan. International Journal of English Language Teaching, 1(1), 13–23.

Allwright, R. (1982). Perceiving and pursuing learners’ needs. Individualisation. Oxford: ModernEnglish Publications.

Antic, Z. (2007). Forward in teaching English for medical purposes. Medicine and Biology, 14(3), 141–147.

Antić, Z. (2008). The new roles of teachers and students in EMP. Medicine and Biology, 15(3), 125–129.

Arani, J. A. (2014). A blended-learning setting in English for medical purposes course incorporating competencies. International Journal of Language and Linguistics, 1(2), 12–16.

Arunanondchai, J., & Fink, C. (2006). Trade in health services in the ASEAN region. Health Promotion International, 21 Suppl 1(March), 59–66. https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/dal052

Ary, D., Jacobs, L.C., Razavieh, A., Sorensen, C. (2006). Introduction to research in education (7 th ed.). California: Thomson Wadsworth

Atai, M. R., & Nazari, O. (2011). Exploring reading comprehension needs of Iranian EAP students of health information management (HIM): A triangulated approach. System, 39(1), 30–43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2011.01.015

Basturkmen, H. (2010). Developing Courses in English for Specific Purposes. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Brown, H. D., & Lee, H. (2015). Teaching by principles: An interactive approach to language pedagogy. New York: Pearson Education. Retrieved from https://books.google.co.id/books?id=4XEbrgEACAAJ

Creswell, J. W. (2012). Qualitative inquiry & research design: Choosing among five approaches (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Dörnyei, Z. (2002). Questionnaires in second language research: Construction, administration, and processing. Taylor & Francis. Retrieved from https://books.google.co.id/books?id=B8bnlCNVPowC

Dudley-Evans, T., & John, M. J. S. (1998). Developments in English for specific purposes: A multi-disciplinary approach. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from https://books.google.co.id/books?id=RvYcuq8QrjAC

Fahad, A., & Alfehaid, T. (2011). Developing an ESP curriculum for students of health sciences through needs analysis and course evaluation in Saudi Arabia. University of Leceister.

Faraj, B. M. A. (2015). English for medical education in EFL context. Journal of Teaching English for Specific and Academic Purposes, 3(1), 121–148.

Farida, D., & Asmaa, B. (2017). The role of ESP in economic sciences and technology. Novelty Journals, 4(1), 13–19.

Ghenghesh, P. (2013). Students and teachers of engineering speak out! What do you really need? Arab World English Journal, Volume.4 N(1), 11–27.

Gözüyeşil, E. (2014). An analysis of engineering students’ English language needs. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, 4182–4186. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.913

Grier, A. S. (2005). Integrating needs assessment into career and technical curriculum development. Journal of Industrial Teacher Education, 42(1), 59–66.

Habbash, M. M., & Albakrawi, H. T. (2014). Needs analysis of engineering students ’ English needs at the University of Tabuk. Journal of Education and Practice, 5(38), 68–75.

Harmer, J. (2007). How to teach English. Essex: Pearson Education Limited. https://doi.org/10356/15300

Ho, B. (2014). Communicating in English during computer science internships. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 4(7), 314–330.

Holliday, A. (1995). Assessing language needs within an institutional context: An ethnographic approach. English for Specific Purposes, 14(2), 115–126. https://doi.org/10.1016/0889-4906(95)00006-D

Holliday, A., & Cooke, T. (1982). An ecological approach to ESP. Lancaster Practical Papers in English Language Education, 5, 123–143.

Hutchinson, T., & Waters, A. (1987). English for specific purposes: A learning-centered approach. Glasgow: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/0346-251X(87)90056-X

Ibrahim, A. (2016). ESP needs analysis: A case study of PEH students, University of Khartoum. Sino-US English Teaching, 13(12), 905–923. https://doi.org/10.17265/1539-8072/2016.12.001

Jeczelewski, S. (2016). Needs analysis, course design and evaluation of business English. University of Iceland.

Juan, L. I. (2014). Needs analysis of business English graduates: A case study of Shandong. CSCanada, 6(3), 111–117. https://doi.org/10.3968/4712

Kim, H. H. (2013). Needs analysis for english for specific purpose course development for engineering students in Korea. International Journal of Multimedia and Ubiquitous Engineering, 8(6), 279–288. https://doi.org/10.14257/ijmue.2013.8.6.28

Lin, C. H., Wu, W. C., & Huang, Y. T. (2013). English for specific purposes (ESP) for hospitality college students and hotel employees in Taiwan. International Journal of Education and Research, 1(8), 1–14.

Long, M. H. (2005). Second language needs analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Maclean, J., Betancourt, Z. S., & Hunter, A. (2000). The evolution of an ESP programme in Cuba. English for Specific Purposes, 19(1), 17–30. Retrieved from http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-0039331039&partnerID=40&md5=76706f129b2a2588d93d9b3008b1a9f5

Mavor, S., & Trayner, B. (2001). Aligning genre and practice with learning in Higher Education: An interdisciplinary perspective for course design and teaching. English for Specific Purposes, 20(4), 345–366. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0889-4906(01)00025-4

Milosavljević, N., Vuletić, A., & Jovković, L. (2015). Learning medical English: A prerequisite for successful academic and professional education. Srpski Arhiv Za Celokupno Lekarstvo, 143(3–4), 237–240. https://doi.org/10.2298/SARH1504237M

Morreale, S. P., & Pearson, J. C. (2008). Why communication education is important: The centrality of the discipline in the 21st century. Communication Education, 57(2), 224–240. https://doi.org/10.1080/03634520701861713

Mubaraq, Y. F. (2017). Needs analysis: Medical English for Indonesian medical students. In National Seminar Proceeding (pp. 568–575). Banjarmasin.

Munby, J. (1978). Communicative syllabus design: A sociolinguistic model for defining the content of purpose-specific language programs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Noori, M., & Mazdayasna, G. (2014). A triangulated study of target situation needs of Iranian undergraduate students of English language and literature. Proceedings of the International Conference on Current Trends in ELT, 98, 1374–1379. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.03.555

Pavel, E. (2014). Teaching English for medical purposes. Bulettin of the Transilvania, 7(2), 39–46.

Poedjiastutie, D., & Oliver, R. (2017). Exploring students’ learning needs: Expectation and challenges. English Language Teaching, 10(10), 124. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v10n10p124

Polyakova, T. (2015). Variety of engineers’ needs in the foreign language usage as a basis for their training diversification. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 214(June), 86–94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.11.598

Prachanant, N. (2012). Needs analysis on English language use in tourism industry. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 66, 117–125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.11.253

Punch, K. F. (1998). Introduction to Social Research: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches (1st ed.). London, Thousand Oaks California, New Delhi: SAGE Publications.

Richards, J. C. (2001). Curriculum development in language teaching. Edinburgh: Cambridge University Press.

Richterich, R., & Chancerel, J. L. (1980). Identifying the Needs of Adults Learning a Foreign Language. Pergamon Press. Retrieved from https://books.google.co.id/books?id=4SENAQAAIAAJ

Robinson, P. C. (1991). ESP today : a practitioner’s guide. New York: Prentice Hall.

So’ud, M.-D. N. (2016). Evaluation of ESP course designed to first year, Sudanese law students, Alneelain University from the students’ perspective. Journal of Humanities, Vol .17 .(1), 11. https://doi.org/10.1101/112268

Songhori, M. H. (2008). Introduction to needs analysis. English for Specific Purposes, 4(4), 1–25. https://doi.org/10.2478/slgr-2014-0031

Supakankunti, S., & Herberholz, C. (2012). Transforming the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) into a global services hub: Enhancing the competitiveness of the jealth services sector in Thailand. Developing ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) into A Global Services Hub, (March), 147–171.

Svendsen, C., & Krebs, K. (1984). Identifying english for the job: Examples from health care occupations. The ESP Journal, 3(2), 153–164. https://doi.org/10.1016/0272-2380(84)90026-X

Tsou, W. (2009). Needs-based curriculum development: A case study of NCKU’s ESP program. Taiwan International ESP Journal, 1(1), 77–95.

Unueshotse, B. F. (2017). Needs analysis of the writing skills of HND Business Studies students at Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi Edo State. International Journal of English and Literature, 8(6), 74–87. https://doi.org/10.5897/IJEL2017.1040

West, R. (1994). Needs analysis in language teaching. Language Teaching, 27(1), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0261444800007527

Zhang, Z., & Wang, Y.-X. J. (2015). English language usage pattern in China mainland doctors: AME survey-001 initial analysis results. Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery, 5(1), 174–181. https://doi.org/10.3978/j.issn.2223-4292.2014.12.05.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15408/ijee.v5i2.10134

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under aCC-BY-SA

Indexed By:

IPI Portal Garuda Open Archives Initiative MoraRef OAJI Scholar Steer IPI Portal Garuda IPI Portal Garuda IPI Portal Garuda berita terkini edukasi IPI Portal Garuda berita terkini regional

Web Analytics View My Stats