Arrangements of Employer-Labor Conflicts With Game Theory: Implementation of Islamic Ethic Value

Siti Najma, Ramadhan Razali, Harjoni Desky

Abstract


Employer-labor conflicts are sometimes eternal and challenging to solve. Game theory is one of the essential ideas in settling these conflicts. Furthermore, employer-labor interactions in conflict situations are strategic. In case the employer-labor relationship is non-cooperative, taking place only once, both parties are involved in a prisoner's dilemma situation. In cooperative game theory, the players work together to win the game. Organizational management needs to consider strategic behavior, built-in cooperative games, effective and efficient collaboration between workers and employers. This study examines employer-labor conflict resolution with game theory. It incorporates Islamic ethical values using qualitative research methods. Cooperative games built on employer-labor relations derive from the brotherhood principles (ukhuwah), justice ('adl), and goodness (ihsan) that maximizes cooperation and prevent conflicts.

JEL Classification: C70, J01, Z12

How to Cite:

Najma, S., Ramadhan., & Desky, H. (2020). Arrangements of Employer-Labor Conflicts with Game Theory: Implementation of Islamic Ethic Value. Etikonomi: Jurnal Ekonomi, 19(2), xx – xx. https://doi.org/10.15408/etk.v19i2.15614.



Keywords


conflict; employer; employee; game theory; Islamic ethic

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aedy, H. (2011). Teori dan Aplikasi Ekonomi Pembangunan Perspektif Islam (Theory and Application of Islamic Perspective Development Economics). Yogyakarta : Graha Ilmu.

Ali, A. R. A. H., Noordin, B. K & Achour, M. (2018). The Islamic Approach Of Obligations In Mutual Relations Between Employee And Employer. International Journal of Ethics and Systems, 34(3), 338-351.

Assadzedeh, A., & Javidi, N. (2018). Ethical Principles in Business, Application of Game Theory in Islamic Economics. International Journal of Management And Applied Science, 4(3), 16-19.

Batubara, I. (2013). Perspektif Hukum Islam Tentang Dinamika Hubungan Industrial Di Indonesia (Islamic Law Perspectives on the Dynamics of Industrial Relations in Indonesia). Miqot, 32(2), 347-373.

Embrey, M., Frechette, G.R., & Yuksel, S. (2017). Cooperation in the Finitely Repeated Prisoner's Dilemma. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 133(1), 509-55.

Hasanah, U. (2012). Hak-hak Buruh dalam Perspektif Hukum Islam (Labor Rights in Islamic Law Perspective). Law Review, 12(1), 55-69.

Hoque, N. (2011). Industrial Relations – An Islamic Approach. IIUC STUDIES, 8, 39–58.

Hoque, K.A. (2017). Wage Principles in Islamic Law. International Journal of Ethics in Social Science, 5(1), 126-134.

Jilani, A., & Valeed, A. A. (2014). Game Theory and Auctions from Islamic Viewpoint. Retrieved from: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2481524.

Joesoef, J. R., Prasetio, T., & Sulistiyanti. (2004). Analisis Konflik Majikan-Buruh dalam Kerangka Game Theory: Penerapan Analytic Hierarchy Process (Analysis of Employer-Labor Conflict in Game Theory Framework: Application of Analytic Hierarchy Process). Jurnal EKOBIS, 5 (1), 1–18.

Khan, B., Farooq, A. & Hussain, Z. (2010), Human Resource Management: An Islamic Perspective, Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration, 2(1), 17 – 34.

Mirza, M. O. N. (2016). Employer-Employee Relationship in Islam: A Normative View from the Perspective of Orthodox Islamic Scholars. International Journal of Business and Management, 11(4), 59–70.

Moleong, L. J. (2017). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif (Qualitative Research Methodology.). Bandung: Rosda Karya.

Nurohman, D. (2010). Konsep Self-Interest dan Maslahah Dalam Rasionalitas Ekonomi Islam (The Concept of Self-Interest and Maslahah in Islamic Economic Rationality). Jurnal Islamica, 5(1), 100–115.

Qardhawi, Y. 2002. Teologi Kemiskinan (Poverty Theology). Yogyakarta: Mitra Pustaka.

Raoof, O., & Al-Raweshidy, H. (2010). Theory of Games: An Introduction. Rijeka: Sciyo.

Seidu, A. M. (2009). Islamic Concept of Employer-Employee Relationships: An Instrument for Managing Human Resources and Certain Operational Risk Exposures. Legon Journal of Sociology, 3(2), 45 - 69.

Sigri, U & Karabacak, H. (2019). Conflict Resolution Role of Mediation in Labor Disputes in Turkey: Evidence from a Signaling Game. International Journal of Conflict Management, 30(3), 395-415. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCMA-01-2019-0013.

Siregar, A. E. (2011). Buruh dan Politik (Labor and Politics). Jurnal Sosial Demokrasi, 10 (4), 4-15.

Sutinah. (2011). Konflik Industrial: Suatu Kajian Kritis Terhadap Konflik Industrial (Industrial Conflict: A Critical Study of Industrial Conflict). Media Dialektika, 6(2), 1–14.

Syed, K. A. (2006). Wage Differential in an Islamic Frame Work. Thoughts on Economics, 16(1), 47– 53.

Syed, J. & Ali, A. J. (2010). Principles of Employment Relations in Islam: A Normative View. Employee Relations, 32(5), 2010 454-469.

Walker, B., & Hamilton, R.T. (2011). Employee – Employer Grievances. International Journal of Management Reviews, 13, 40 – 58.

Wirawan. (2011). Konflik dan Manajemen Konflik: Teori, Aplikasi, dan Penelitian (Conflict and Conflict Management: Theory, Application, and Research). Jakarta: Salemba Empat.

Yadav, R., Pareek, S., & Singh, S. (2015). Game Theory in Organizational Psychology. International Journal of Advances in Science Engineering and Technology, Special Issue-1, 16 – 120.

Zhou, L., Xi, M., Zhang, K., & Zhao, S. (2017). Labor Relations Conflflict in the Workplace: Scale Development, Consequences and Solutions. Conflict and its Resolution in the Changing World of Work: A Conference and Special Issue Honoring David B. Lipsky. Cornell University ILR School.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15408/etk.v19i2.15614 Abstract - 0 PDF - 0

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Hasil gambar untuk doaj

/public/site/images/rianto-arif/logogaruda-kecil_94 ISJD LIPI Academic Keyoa-library CrossRefMoraRefBASE-Search OAJI Open Archives Initiative

Hasil gambar untuk neliti.com

View My Stats

 

E-ISSN: 2461-0771 P-ISSN: 1412-8969 Free counters!

License

This work is licensed under CC BY-SA

© All rights reserved 2015.