CLASSROOM INTERACTION: TEACHER AND STUDENTS PERCEPTION ON DIALOGUE IN PRIMARY SCIENCE CLASSROOM

Munasprianto Ramli

Abstract


This study aims to explore the teachers and students‟ perspective on classroom dialogue and its purpose in primary science classrooms that implement the new integrated curriculum in Indonesia. Research on the process of teaching and learning through classroom talks has been carried out over the last forty or so years. In the field of science education, classroom talks have become a central issue in developed countries within last twenty years. Although research focused in this topic is growing rapidly in Western countries, this is not the case in Indonesia. Few studies have dealt with classroom talk in Indonesia. We gathered our data during a period of four months by video recording, targeting lessons of classroom discussions in two primary schools in the Greater Jakarta area in Indonesia. To support data generated from classroom observation, I interviewed teachers and a sample of students in each class. Data were analysed using sociocultural discourse analysis. This study suggests that providing a room for students to interact and share with each other has changed the approach of learning science in the classroom. Classroom talk both in small groups and involving the whole class altered to pedagogical dynamics from a teacher centered approach to student centered one. The study also reveals that classroom talks did not only encourage students to develop their zone proximal development but also help them to learn the values of democracy.


Keywords


classroom interaction, classroom dialogue, sociocultural

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@ EDUSAINS.  P-ISSN: 1979-7281; E-ISSN: 2443-1281

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