LEGITIMACY ON INTER-FAITH MARRIAGES: An Analysis toward the Role of Religious Councils on the Legal Policy in Indonesia

Rosdiana Rosdiana, Ummu Hanah Yusuf Saumin, Masayu Mashita Maisarah

Abstract


The incident of legal vacuum for the practitioners of inter-faith marriage is one of the unresolved issues in Indonesia, especially with regard to the civil rights. Indonesia’s Marriage Law No. 1 Year 1974has not accommodated the legal policy of marriage from different religions. Moreover, there are differentiations of views between religious leaders on permissibility of couples from different religions, for example in the case of material review of Article 2 paragraph (1) of Marriage Law. Hence, this study attempts to analyse the relations between Indonesia’s Religious Councils and the legal policies on inter-faith marriages. Data was collected through observation and semi-structured interviews of representation from Indonesia’s Religious Councils, i.e. Indonesian Council of Islamic Scholars (MUI), Indonesian Church Association (PGI), Indonesian Bishops Conference (KWI), Hindu Dharma Council of Indonesia (PHDI), Guardianship of the Indonesian Buddhist Community (WALUBI) and the Supreme Council for Confucian Religion in Indonesia (MATAKIN). This article found that Indonesia’s Religious Councils have no role by any means in the formation of legal policies related to inter-faith marriage in Indonesia, since the Marriage Law had been created before the Religious Councils established. On the topic of the legitimacy of inter-faith marriage, the religious leaders offered conflicting statement. A number of religious leaders still decided to stay with the prohibition of inter-faith marriage based on the popular religious traditions and the constitutional realm; while some others provide contrary. Albeit religious leaders favor or disfavor inter-faith marriage, the practice is still widely flourished and rapidly increased. This observable fact should be an important reason to the Constitutional Court either to grant or deny the practical of inter-faith marriage in Indonesia.

 

Kokosongan  landasan hukum dalam kasus  perkawinan beda agama adalah salah satu masalah yang belum terselesaikan di Indonesia. Hal ini terkait dengan hak-hak sipil. Undang-Undang Perkawinan Indonesia No. 1 Tahun 1974 tidak mengakomodasi kebijakan hukum perkawinan dari berbagai agama. Selain itu, ada perbedaan pandangan antara para pemimpin agama tentang diizinkannya pasangan dari agama yang berbeda, misalnya dalam hal peninjauan materi Pasal 2 ayat (1) UU Perkawinan. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini berupaya untuk menganalisis hubungan antara Dewan Agama Indonesia dan kebijakan hukum tentang pernikahan antar agama. Data dikumpulkan melalui observasi dan wawancara semi-terstruktur tentang perwakilan dari Dewan Agama Indonesia, yaitu Majelis Ulama Islam Indonesia (MUI), Asosiasi Gereja Indonesia (PGI), Konferensi Waligereja Indonesia (KWI), Dewan Dharma Hindu Indonesia (PHDI), Perwalian Komunitas Buddhis Indonesia (WALUBI) dan Dewan Tertinggi untuk Agama Konghucu di Indonesia (MATAKIN). Artikel ini menemukan bahwa Dewan Agama Indonesia tidak memiliki peran dengan cara apa pun dalam pembentukan kebijakan hukum terkait dengan pernikahan beda agama di Indonesia, karena UU Perkawinan telah dibuat sebelum Dewan Agama didirikan. Dalam topik legitimasi pernikahan lintas agama, para pemimpin agama menyatakan pernyataan yang bertentangan. Sejumlah pemimpin agama masih memutuskan untuk tetap dengan larangan pernikahan antar agama berdasarkan tradisi keagamaan populer dan ranah konstitusional; sementara beberapa lainnya memberikan sebaliknya. Meskipun para pemimpin agama mendukung atau tidak menyukai pernikahan antaragama, praktik ini masih terjadi bahkan  meningkat pesat. Fakta ini harus menjadi alasan penting bagi Mahkamah Konstitusi untuk memberikan atau menolak praktik pernikahan antaragama di Indonesia.

 


Keywords


Inter-faith Marriages, Religious Councils, Legal Policies, Indonesia

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DOI: 10.15408/ajis.v19i1.11710

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